Xem 1-20 trên 21 kết quả Dominant firms
  • Even to the casual observer it might appear that problems of market dominance and antitrust policy are almost daily in the news.

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  • Incoming data on the labor market have remained disappointing. Private-sector employment has grown only sluggishly, the small decline in the unemployment rate is attributable more to reduced labor force participation than to job creation, and initial claims for unemployment insurance remain high. Firms are reluctant to add permanent employees, citing slow growth of sales and elevated economic and regulatory uncertainty.

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  • All limited firms in Sweden are legally bound to submit an annual report to the Swedish Patent and Registration Office (PRV). This study uses data collected from MM (Market Manager)-Partner, now merged with PAR, a Swedish consulting firm that gathers economic information from PRV. This information is primarily used by decision-makers and stakeholders in Swedish commercial life. Our data comprise all Swedish limited companies active at some point between 1997 and 2005, in total 288,757 firms, and include all variables that can be found in the annual reports, e.g.

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  • We’ve modeled 2 ends of the market structure: Competitive market and monopoly. Now we look at cases in between ( N = small ). Oligopoly is market or industry dominated by a small number of firms, whose decisions (price, output, marketing) are interdependent. In chapter 5, we will discuss this problem.

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  • The venture capital industry is small and hires only a select few each year. Traditionally dominated by seasoned executives, many firms consist only of general partners and an administrative staff. • A bleak picture for undergrads, though a few larger firms hire young people to do some of their basic legwork and analysis. • Not much better for MBAs, though a few recent MBAs have been recruited right out of business school or have even started their own funds.

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  • The balance sheets of life and non-life insurance companies reflect the importance of technical (insurance underwriting) risks for insurance firms. Life insurance companies typically have the greater part of their liabilities taken up by technical provisions, in some jurisdictions more than 80 percent. This reflects the amount that the firm is setting aside to pay potential claims on the policies that it has written. Correspondingly, more than 90 percent of the assets of life insurance companies comprise the investment portfolio held to support these liabilities.

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  • But how far should the public sector go in defining the terms of maturity transformation?. It would be reassuring to imagine that underlying saving and investment propensities of the private sector define the real interest rate in normal times. Keynes threw some doubt on this classical view. In addition, the fact is that government policies nowadays dominate the terms of maturity transformation in modern economies. Very large government debt defines the yield curve.

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  • Sixth, the concept of projection was important for motion pictures, although in the original Edison-invention, projection was lacking. In 1851, onwards, when the projection of photographic slides became possible, the magic lantern became wildly popular, and the industry started to grow quickly. (Michaelis, 1958; Musser 1990: 30-36). A few specialised British and French slide suppliers dominated the trade. They collected photographs from all over the world in London or Paris, and distributed them quickly again to all corners of the globe.

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  • Nevertheless, it is a widespread assumption that end-of-pipe technologies still domi- nate investment decisions in firms. This is because there has been exceptionally little empiri- cal analysis directed to the determinants of the use of specific types of abatement measures - principally because of the paucity of available data. On the basis of a unique facility-level data set based on a recent survey covering seven OECD countries (Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Norway, and the U.S.) we find a clear dominance of cleaner production in these countries: Surprisingly, 76.

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  • We examine the competition between a group of Internet retailers who operate in an environment where a price search engine plays a dominant role.We show that for some products in this environment, the easy price search makes demand tremendously pricesensitive. Retailers, though, engage in obfuscation—practices that frustrate consumer search or make it less damaging to firms—resulting in much less price sensitivity on some other products. We discuss several models of obfuscation and examine its effects on demand and markups empirically.

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  • This book is about change in the management of public services – how much of it and what consequences. For over two decades the goal of restructuring welfare provision has been at the heart of UK government policy. Under the Conservatives the focus was on controlling expenditure and re-organising services to make professionals more accountable for resource decisions. In health, education and social care, the objective was to install a system of managed provision heavily influenced by the practices of private firms.

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  • In brief, this dissertation presents four major contributions: (1) Regulatory actors affect strat- egy formation. In particular, and in a situation when a regulator changes from protecting the firm to promoting change, the consistency between resource allocations and the official con- cept of corporate strategy decreases when regulatory involvement increases. (2) Internal alignments are contingent upon the perceived opportunity structure of a regulatory initiative.

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  • Prior to the 1980s, most preferred stocks were issued by regulated utility companies. From 1950 to 1979, 90 of the 108 preferred stock offerings were made by utilities. In the mid-1980s, financial firms began to issue preferred stocks, but the explosive growth in preferred stock issued by financial firms did not occur until after the Federal Reserve’s 1996 ruling on Tier 1 capital. Financial institutions became the dominant issuers of preferred stocks by the late 1990s. While non-financial firms in aggregate have been issuing a steady 30 to 60 new preferred stocks a...

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  • However, in 1978, China differed from the Soviet Union in its resource endowment and economic structure. China was poor, and agriculture remained the dominant economic activity. Peasants suffered from high rates of under-employment and vulnerability to income shocks. In contrast to the Soviet Union’s large, vertically- integrated state enterprises, Chinese industrial output was produced in relatively smaller state firms as well as in small collectives. Infrastructure was weak, and there was little capacity to move commodities between provinces.

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  • Organizational form has important implications for economic behavior, performance, and business activities of financial firms (see, e.g., O’Hara 1981, Rasmusen 1988, and Fama and Jensen 1983). One unusual characteristic among financial intermediaries is the fact thatmutualand stock companies coexist (Amess 2002),whileoutsidethefinancialsector,stockfirmsdominateandmutualcompanies are relatively rare (Remmers 2003).

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  • Economic crises are historically times of industrial renewal. Less efficient firms fail while more dynamic ones emerge and expand. Creative destruction is an essential engine of long term efficiency in market economies, and it intensifies in downturns. Available data for many OECD countries point to a sharp increase in bankruptcies and business failures in recent months. New business models and new technologies, particularly those allowing a reduction in cost, often arise in downturns, as was the case with low-cost airlines which grew out of the recession of the early 1990s.

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  • By comparison, the independent design profession in France is relatively new, with 53% of organisations operating for fewer than 10 years. The sector is dominated by a small number of large agencies. Automotive, aerospace and engineering companies tend to use in-house designers whereas luxury companies tend to use international agencies for brand development and corporate communications. The Swedish design sector has an estimated total of 11,199 companies, with many operating as sole-traders.

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  • Lecture Managerial economics - Chapter 4 presents four possible markets: Perfect Competition (price-takers), monopolistic Competition (price-searchers), oligopoly (a few firms dominate), monopoly (single seller).

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  • Market concentration can be measured by looking at the share of market capitalization accounted for by the large stocks. These large stocks are seen as the leading 3 to 5 firms in the market (Maunder et al. 1991). In many economies only a few companies dominate the stock market (Bundoo 1999). High concentration is not desirable as it can adversely affect liquidity, as it is common to find a negative correlation between concentration and liquidity. Table 5 shows the market concentration percentages.

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  • No excuses, Mr. March." The office was enormous, the desk massive, but sitting behind the latter Pierpont Alton Sturdevant dominated both. Not because of any physical quality. He was below average in stature nor did his graying hair have the patches of white at the temples that fiction writers and the illustrators of advertisements seem to think are the invariable mark of 'men of distinction.

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