Blood transfusion is a field where there has been, and continue to be, significant advances
in science, technology and most particularly governance. The aim of this book is to provide
students of allied medical sciences, medicine and transfusion practitioners with a comprehensive
overview of both the scientific and managerial aspects of blood transfusion. The book
is intended to equip biomedical, clinical and allied medical professionals with practical tools
to allow for an informed practice in the field of blood transfusion management....
Crossbreeding work in Ethiopia was initiated in the early 1950s. Following this initiation
a number of governmental (example, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization,
Ministry of Agriculture, National Artificial Insemination Center, Higher Learning Institutes)
and non-governmental organizations (International Livestock Research Institute and
Swedish International Development Agency) have worked in the development of the
As I walked the few blocks to the examination room, it occurred to me
that the city authorities had probably gone through a similar analysis. The
frequency of their inspection of parked vehicles and the size of the penalty
imposed on violators should depend on their estimates of the type of
calculations potential violators like me would make. Of course, the first
question I put to the hapless student was to work out the optimal behavior
of both the offenders and the police, something I had not yet done....
The most efficient meat-producing chickens are the meat-type crosses (Rock-Cornish). Purebred poultry
types most commonly raised for white meat are Cornish, Plymouth Rocks, and White Jersey Giants, but
these breeds are less efficient than the crosses and take up to 14 weeks to develop a desirable carcass.
There are niche markets for red-plumage birds and for the Silkie chicken, which has dark purple skin
and is very popular in various ethnic live-bird markets.
The optimum type of intervention is still to be defined. Sometimes advice is given, while at
other times the style of interaction epitomised in motivational interviewing has been used.
Additionally, the comparative value of opportunistic intervention, versus intervention after
population screening is not clear.
Data on follow up beyond one year are very limited.61 One study found that the effect had
disappeared at 10 years.62 Another found a continuing small effect at four years.
Research aiming to predict which patients will do better with which type of specialist treatments
has given few leads. The GPs decision where to refer a patient should be guided in large part by
the patients choice. Some predictors however, have emerged: patients who are angry at the
initial assessment appear to do better, in the short term, if given motivational interviewing.117,118
Patients with psychiatric disorders (dual diagnosis) tend to do better if referred to specialist
psychological or psychiatric services than to 12-step Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) groups.