Being researchers fortunate enough to be funded as part of the Social and
Behavioral Science grant program of the Health Resources and Services
Administration (HRSA), we attend several yearly meetings where fellow grantees
presented their ﬁndings. Year after year we listen to our colleagues’ presentations
of intervention calamity and recovery. Reports of campaigns leading to increases
in hospital consent rates and workplace interventions increasing the number of
registered workers are commonplace.
The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) is an affiliate of
ASRM. Its membership includes more than 90% of American fertility clinics.
SART has strict membership requirements. As a condition of membership,
clinics must report their outcomes to the CDC as well as to SART, have
accredited embryology laboratories, adhere to the Ethics and Practice
Committee guidelines of ASRM, and have appropriately trained staff. Failure
to adhere to these criteria can result in revocation of membership.
Because the ART industry is largely unregulated, we have very little data on who uses these
technologies. Until 2003, the only national data collected was through the Fertility Clinic
Success Rate and Certification Act of 1992, which requires that fertility clinics report the number
of pregnancies and live births from ART, which the Act defines narrowly as “fertility treatments
in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory” (e.g.
The here presented book covers different areas of clinical and scientific interest, reaching from donor evaluation to newest methods in immunological diagnostics. But also aspects of daily care of transplant recipients can be found in the carefully selected chapters. Everything driven by the aim to improve the care for all of our transplanted patients.
Positivity rates appear low in these populations, around 4 to 7 percent, except for a 32 percent positivity rate for
VILI in Angola. Investigators noted that many test providers were not able to distinguish the color changes seen
in VILI-positive cases from irrelevant conditions such as ectropion or inflammation, in spite of repeated training.
This may be a limitation of VILI in these settings. Another challenge identified in the studies was providing
Of the 40 million persons living with HIV/AIDS to-date, over 60 percent
reside in sub-Saharan Africa, making it the most affected region of the
world, Figure 1 (1;2). HIV infection rate is still on the increase. In 2006
alone of the estimated world total of 4.3 million (3.6 – 6.6 million) new
HIV infections, sub-Saharan Africa was estimated to have 2.8 million (2.4
– 3.2 million) adults and children infected with HIV. This was more than
all other regions of the world combined together (2). The 2.1 million AIDS
deaths in sub-Saharan Africa represented 72% of global AIDS death (2)....
Very low interest rates in major currencies have raised concerns over international credit
flows to robustly growing economies in Asia. This paper examines three components of
international credit and highlights several of the policy challenges that arise in constraining
such credit. Our empirical findings suggest that international credit enables domestic credit
booms in emerging markets. Furthermore, we demonstrate that higher levels of international
credit on the eve of a crisis are associated with larger subsequent contractions in overall
credit and real output.
The analysis is limited to the post-World War II period. Using this period provides an adequate
sample for the multivariate regression analysis that is used to examine correlation. The top
statutory tax rates are examined because the current Congressional debate over the fate of the
2001 and 2003 Bush-era tax cuts focuses on the statutory tax rates affecting the highest income
taxpayers. For an overview of the broader issues of these relationships see CRS Report R42111,
Tax Rates and Economic Growth, by Jane G. Gravelle and Donald J. Marples. ...
Available as a dust and wettable powder, Tetrachlorvinphos is applied to about 18 percent of the birds
treated for ectoparasites and 10 percent of premise area (20 million square feet) to control various pests.
Treatments are generally applied as high-pressure sprays at a rate of 1 gallon of spray (0.04 pound of
active ingredient) spray per 100 birds. Premise applications for a variety of pests are made at a rate of
0.05 to 0.8 pound of active ingredient per 1,000 square feet of surface area. Dust formulations are
applied to birds (dust boxes) at a rate of 0.01 to 0.2...
There are a number of other countries both
in developed economies (such as France and
Sweden) and emerging markets (such as
Malaysia) who have introduced mandatory
ESG or corporate responsibility (CR)
reporting and many more countries with
voluntary reporting guidelines.
An EIRIS report conducted in 2008 into the
State of Responsible Business found that
global disclosure levels were poor even
where the issue was identified as highly
business relevant for the company.
This material is available as an emulsifiable concentrate. Treatments are most often used for fly control.
Occasionally, dichlorvos is applied to control ectoparasites during cleanup routines following the sale of
an infested breeder or layer flock. It is applied as either a space spray (0.001 pound of active ingredient
per 1,000 cubic feet) or as a premise spray (0.01 pound of active ingredient per 1,000 square feet of
surface area). Dichlorvos is occasionally used as a spot larvicide treatment for fly control at a rate of
0.002 to 0.