This book was born from our combined years exploring the use of optically stimulated
luminescence (OSL) in different areas of radiation dosimetry with a seemingly unending
curiosity about the physics of the process and our aspirations and dreams concerning
potential applications. We wished to learn about and understand the challenges presented
by the many different areas of dosimetry and how OSL could play a useful role and, of
course, we hoped that we would make meaningful contributions to the field.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Four-dimensional dosimetry validation and study in lung radiotherapy using deformable image registration and Monte Carlo techniques...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "The GLAaS algorithm for portal dosimetry and quality assurance of RapidArc, an intensity modulated rotational therapy...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Statistical analysis of IMRT dosimetry quality assurance measurements for local delivery guideline...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Eight years of IMRT quality assurance with ionization chambers and film dosimetry: experience of the montpellier comprehensive cancer center...
Essential for students, science and medical graduates who want to understand the basic science of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), this book describes the physics, chemistry, technology and overview of the clinical uses behind the science of PET and the imaging techniques it uses. In recent years, PET has moved from high-end research imaging tool used by the highly specialized to an essential component of clinical evaluation in the clinic, especially in cancer management.
The current book consists of eighteen chapters divided into three sections. Section I includes nine topics in characterization techniques and evaluation of advanced ceramics dealing with newly developed photothermal, ultrasonic and ion spattering techniques, the neutron irradiation and the properties of ceramics, the existence of a polytypic multi-structured boron carbide, the oxygen isotope exchange between gases and nanoscale oxides and the evaluation of perovskite structures ceramics for sensors and ultrasonic applications....
This volume is an eclectic mix of applications of Monte Carlo methods in many fields of research should not be surprising, because of the ubiquitous use of these methods in many fields of human endeavor. In an attempt to focus attention on a manageable set of applications, the main thrust of this book is to emphasize applications of Monte Carlo simulation methods in biology and medicine.
According to classical physics the particle cannot be
a wave, and the wave cannot be a particle. However,
Einstein, while explaining the photoelectric effect
(PEE), postulated that electromagnetic radiation has
a dual wave-particle nature. He used the term photon
to refer to the particle of electromagnetic radiation. He
proposed a simple equation to relate the energy of the
photon E to the frequency n and wavelength l of
The aim of this volume is threefold. It is intended, firstly, as a revision aid for students on Masters level degree courses in Radiation Science. These will already have received lectures at various levels of detail on most of the topics covered here. Experience has shown, however, that in preparing for examinations, especially oral examinations, students benefit from an opportunity to put details in the context of the whole. This I have tried to do by drawing attention to important connections that exist between topics treated in different chapters.
The textbook written by Paul Davies in 19891 entitled, The New Physics,
commenced with the following opinion.
Many elderly scientists look back nostalgically at the first 30 years
of the 20th century, and refer to it as the golden age of physics.
Historians, however, may come to regard those years as the
dawning of the New Physics. The events which the quantum and
relativity theories set in train are only now impinging on science,
and many physicists believe that the golden age was only the
beginning of the revolution....
Brachytherapy is the direct implantation of radioactive sources into the prostate. It is based on the principle that the deposition of radiation energy in tissues decreases as a function of the square of the distance from the source (Chap. 81). The goal is to deliver intensive irradiation to the prostate, minimizing the exposure of the surrounding tissues. The current standard technique achieves a more homogeneous dose distribution by placing seeds according to a customized template based on CT and ultrasonographic assessment of the tumor and computer-optimized dosimetry.
Radiation Marrow aplasia is a major acute sequela of radiation. Radiation damages DNA; tissues dependent on active mitosis are particularly susceptible. Nuclear accidents can involve not only power plant workers but also employees of hospitals, laboratories, and industry (food sterilization, metal radiography, etc.), as well as innocents exposed to stolen, misplaced, or misused sources.
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
(NCRP) was requested by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to
review the literature on the effects of radiation on aquatic organisms
and develop a document that reviews the present understanding of
such effects and provides guidance for a standard for the protection of
populations of aquatic organisms.
Major advances have been accomplished in recent years in conformal and
stereotactic techniques, dosimetry as well as in target volume concepts, and
clinical studies have been performed. This peer-reviewed volume of Frontiers
of Radiation Therapy and Oncology includes a selection of the important
topics discussed at the meeting on ‘3-D Radiation Treatment: Technological
Innovations and Clinical Results’ which was organized by the Department of
Radiation-Oncology of the Technical University of Munich and focused on
conformal and stereotactic radiotherapy in the treatment of tumors....
The copper-doped lithium tetraborate Li2 B4 O7 :Cu (LBCu) is one of the famous tissue equivalent materials for the thermoluminescent dosimetry, very useful for applications in medical and personal dosimetry measurements. This material in powder and pellet forms was prepared by sintering method in the Laboratory of
This report presented the method for thermal neutron dosimetry on base of determination of specific radioactive activity of measured 24 Na in the irradiated Human blood. Stable sodium contents of 23 Na in blood samples (for 150 people in Lamdong province, in which there are 85 staffs working at the Nuclear Research Institute) determinated by the method of instrumental neutron activation analysis at the Reactor and have the average value of 1.90±0.27 mg/ml blood.
Positron emission tomography (PET), a powerful research tool 20 years
ago, has recently gained widespread application in oncology and is
now a procedure clinically available on each continent. Despite the fact
only a few PET centers are dedicated to children, data from Children’s
Oncology Group indicate that virtually all children in North America
have easy access to a PET center. As the table of contents of this book
indicates, clinical and research applications of PET for children with
cancer represent only a fraction of the current pediatric uses for PET