Hellos – Identifies neighbors
Used by the neighbor discovery and recovery process.
Acknowledgements (ACK) – Acknowledges receipt
Hello packets with no data
Updates – Advertises routes
Transmitted only when necessary
Unicast when sent to a specific router
Multicast when sent to multiple routers
Queries – Ask about a route (DUAL)
Multicast or Unicast
Queries and Replies – Ask about a route and answer a query (DUAL)
Chapter 9 describe the background and history of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), examine the basic EIGRP configuration commands and identify their purposes, calculate the composite metric used by EIGRP, describe the concepts and operation of DUAL, describe the uses of additional configuration commands in EIGRP.
The purpose of this text is to provide the basis for an upper-level undergraduate
or graduate course over one or two semesters, covering basic concepts and
examples of fluid mechanics with particular applications in the natural environment.
The book is designed to meet a dual purpose, providing an advanced
fundamental background in the fluid mechanics of environmental systems and
also applying fluid mechanics principles to a variety of environmental issues.
Now that now that new Windows technology (in the dual garb of Windows Vista and the Windows 2008
Server) has arrived on the scene, many network planners are taking a closer look at some of the architectural changes that Microsoft has made to the Group Policy structure. The underlying concept of Group Policy hasn't changed – it's still fundamentally a Great Big Network Registry
Editor. Make a setting, and Group Policy enforces it for you from that point forward.
Nguyên lý kế toán - Các nguyên tắc căn bản của kế toán
Các nguyên tắc (khái niệm) căn bản của kế toán được đúc kết từ kinh nghiệm thực tiễn và từ sự nghiên cứu khoa học, được chấp nhận rộng rãi thông qua các tổ chức nghề nghiệp trên thế giới. 1. Nguyên tắc cân đối (dual-aspect concept) Còn gọi là “nguyên tắc kế toán kép” hay “nguyên tắc tính hai mặt”.
The concept of rate-modulated (rate-responsive, rate-adaptive) pacemakers is to move beyond simple backup pacing for bradycardias to helping a patient adapt to physiologic stress with an increase in heart rate, even if the patient's intrinsic sinus node normally would not allow this to occur. The development of dual-chamber pacemakers allows a patient to increase the heart rate if he or she is in sinus rhythm and sinus function is intact. Many patients, however, have sick sinus syndrome that prevents normal physiologic sinus node response to exercise, stress, or chronic atrial fibrillation.
Like the majority of the works addressing this topic, Le cinema saturé first appears
arbitrarily composed of autonomous case studies. Bonfand claims for that his inductive
method: each study comes from an ‘intuition induced from the still and moving images,
and never from copying a conceptual position on these images’ (9). Indeed, his essay is far
from being a history or even a genealogy of painting in cinema. Rather, it follows the
moving path of the ‘sublation’ (Bonfand uses the German term Aufhebung) of painting by
Basic concepts, theoretical underpinnings and mathematical basis underlying optimization models.
Problem formulation for programming, preparation of input-output matrix, objective functions and
constraint equations. Assumptions of L.P. Basic and non-basic solutions. Feasible and Infeasible
solutions. Simplex method and its application for solving agricultural problems, use of artificial factors,
Problems of degeneracy, inconsistency, infeasible and unbounded solutions. The generalised simplex
method. The dual method; the dual simplex method. ...
In this chapter, you will learn to: Describe the background and history of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), examine the basic EIGRP configuration commands and identify their purposes, calculate the composite metric used by EIGRP, describe the concepts and operation of DUAL, describe the uses of additional configuration commands in EIGRP.
Objectives of this chapter: Describe the background and history of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP). Examine the basic EIGRP configuration commands and identify their purposes. Calculate the composite metric used by EIGRP. Describe the concepts and operation of DUAL.
This chapter describe the features and operation of EIGRP, examine the different EIGRP packet formats, calculate the composite metric used by DUAL, describe the concepts and operation of DUAL, examine the commands to configure and verify basic EIGRP operations for IPv4 and IPv6.
After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Describe the features and operation of EIGRP, examine the different EIGRP packet formats, calculate the composite metric used by DUAL, describe the concepts and operation of DUAL, examine the commands to configure and verify basic EIGRP operations for IPv4 and IPv6.
Chapter 31 - Money and the monetary system. In this chapter you will learn: What the main functions of money are and what makes something a good choice for money? How to explain the concept of fractionalreserve banking and the money multiplier? What role the central bank plays and what the Federal Reserve’s (Fed) dual mandate is?...