In the last three decades, the historical earthquake investigation became an outstand-
ing source of information in seismology. The rigorous interpretation of known or
newly discovered historical documents from public and private archives, including
military and religious documents, press reports, correspondences, publications, etc.,
brings new light on the effect of past earthquakes and contributes to the assessment
of their characteristics. Historical documents are nowadays examined in the frame
of modern methodologies and new approaches applied in the study of individual
For the earthquake motion level 1, the elastic limit
the value of a structure is usually adopted seismic activity. For Level 2 earthquake
motion, on the other hand, the limit value that a structure does not collapse or
repair through the seismic activity depends on the importance of
Level 2 earthquake motions are used for verification is based on the records of strong motion
seismograms obtained from the Hyogoken Nanbu earthquake and the other, and seismic
waveform types are assigned according to the ground....
A database is any collection of related data. The files on your hard drive and the piles
of paper on your desk all count as databases. What distinguishes a relational data-
base from other kinds of databases is the mechanism by which the database is orga-
nized—the way the data is modeled. A relational database is a collection of data
organized in accordance with the relational model to suit a specific purpose.
Relational principles are based on the mathematical concepts developed by Dr. E. F.
The study of natural catastrophe models plays an important role in
the prevention and mitigation of disasters. After the occurrence of a nat-
ural disaster, the reconstruction can be ﬁnanced with catastrophe bonds
(CAT bonds) or reinsurance. This paper examines the calibration of a real
parametric CAT bond for earthquakes that was sponsored by the Mexican
government. The calibration of the CAT bond is based on the estimation
of the intensity rate that describes the earthquake process from the two
sides of the contract, the reinsurance and the capital markets, and from the
The George E. Brown, Jr., Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
(NEES) is a collaboratory for integrated experimentation, computation,
theory, databases, and model-based simulation in earthquake engineering
research and education intended to improve the seismic design
and performance of the U.S. civil and mechanical infrastructure. Administered
by the National Science Foundation (NSF), NEES is mandated to
be operational by September 30, 2004.
Against a backdrop of terrorist threats, natural disasters, and heightened concern about pandemic influenza, national security policy is now based on an all-hazards approach to disaster preparedness planning. Effective local planning is critical to disaster preparedness. Military installations and their
In practice, however, earthquakes generate stronger ground motion than Level 1 but
not exceeding Level 2 can occur in service life of a structure. In current seismic design,
consideration was not given directly to changes in activities and risks to the seismic motion
through time and the importance of adopting effective methods of repair and reinforcement.
These factors can not be implemented fully into account by simply checking the elastic limit or
reparability limits or structural collapse of a Level 1 or 2 earthquake motion
forces based on current seismic design....
E =29000 ksi, Poissons Ratio = 0.3
All beam-column connections are rigid
Beams: W24X55, Fy = 36 ksi
Columns: W14X90, Fy = 36 ksi
Beam Span Loading On All Beams
1.0 klf Dead Load (not including steel frame member self weight)
0.5 klf Live Load
Lateral Loading (Earthquake)
As indicated in the figure
Assume columns are laterally supported at each floor level
Assume beams are braced at 10 feet on center
The Naval Facilities Engineering Command seeks to expand the technology
base upon which future shore facilities are founded. An important
area in which a new design approach is being developed is in the management
and understanding of those characteristics of earthquake and explosively
generated foundation motions that damage or destroy Naval equipment.
This report is a part of the design method development. Specifically,
it documents and offers a new method of shock and response spectrum
We live in an era with unparalleled opportunities to practice disease
prevention based on knowledge of the earth environment.
Although globally distributed early warning systems can monitor
physical hazards such as earthquakes and tsunamis, chemical hazards
on the other hand—whether actual or potential and natural or anthropogenically
induced—remain difficult to accurately identify in time and
space. Such hazards often have lengthy asymptomatic latency periods
before disability or disease becomes evident....
Catastrophe Insurance Pools. Advisory services
to help countries establish national catastrophe
insurance pools such as the Turkish Catastrophe
Insurance Pool, which offers efficiently priced
earthquake insurance to more than 2.5 million
homeowners. A similar pool is planned in Romania.
The World Bank Group is also supporting the
creation of a regional catastrophe reinsurance
pool for South-East European countries.
Index-Based Agricultural Insurance.
Đập bê tông trọng lực thường được xây dựng trong các khối cách nhau bằng các khớp co lại theo chiều dọc. Các thiết kế của các đập trọng lực bê tông thẳng truyền thống được thực hiện bằng cách giả sử mỗi khối để được độc lập.
Since a modeled loss trigger mechanism takes other variables into account that
can aﬀect the value of the losses, the pricing of a hypothetical CAT bond with
a modeled-index loss trigger for earthquakes in Mexico is also examined in this
paper. This new approach is also fundamentally driven by the desire to mini-
mize the basis risk borne by the sponsor, while remaining non-indemnity based.
As the study of natural catastrophe models plays an important role in the preven-
tion and mitigation of disasters, the main motivation of this paper is the analysis
of pricing CAT bonds. In particular, we examine the calibration of a parametric
CAT bond for earthquakes that was sponsored by the Mexican government and
issued by the special purpose CAT-MEX Ltd in May 2006.