Ecological restoration

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  • .society for ecological restoration The Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration Editorial Board James Aronson, EDITOR Karen D. Holl, ASSOCIATE EDITOR Donald A. Falk, Richard J. Hobbs, Margaret A. Palmer A complete list of titles in this series can be found in the back of this book. The Society for Ecological Restoration (SER) is an international nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote ecological restoration as a means of sustaining the diversity of life on Earth and reestablishing an ecologically healthy relationship between nature and culture.

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  • The 8th International Congress of Ecology was held in Seoul, South Korea in August 2002, and was hosted by the Ecological Society of Korea. The Congress theme was 'Ecological Issues in a Changing World', and this volume includes selected contributions to illustrate some of the important topics which were discussed during the Congress. Problems of scale have exercised the minds of ecologists for many years, and will continue to do so into the future. This volume deals with this subject and with mathematical approaches to improve our understanding of complex ecological systems.

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  • Many environmental books begin with a desperate attempt to convince us that we are either not sufficiently aware of the problems facing us or are not acting effectively to correct them. This one takes a different approach. I presume that everyone who picks up this book is doing so because they are searching for a better path, away from the problems and also from the habits of thinking that make those problems so intractable in the first place. You would be unlikely to turn to this book if you thought all was well....

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  • The idea of restoration is not new. Life, as it happens, is full of accidents, mishaps, and untoward events, from breaking a tool to growing old and dying, and the desire to avoid the consequences of these events by reversing or undoing them in order to return to some happier previous or “original” condition seems to be as old as our species. It is the root aspiration behind religion, that oldest of human institutions. It is also a constant theme of both public and private life, and it may even be grounded in the capacity for self-repair that is a peculiarity of life itself....

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  • Research in tropical forestry is confronted with the task of finding strategies to alleviate pressure on remaining forests, and techniques to enhance forest regeneration and restore abandoned lands, using productive alternatives that can be attractive to local human populations. In addition, sustainable forestry in tropical countries must be supported by adequate policies to promote and maintain specific activities at local and regional scales.

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  • 5 Restoration Ecology Restoration ecology is a subdiscipline of ecological engineering that has been growing out of the need and desire to add ecological value to ecosystems that have been degraded by human impacts.

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  • Even though human-induced species extinction presently seems to rank low on peoples’ attention scale compared to other political and societal topics, this does not mean that its significance in earth history or its ecological consequences have diminished in any way. It must repeatedly be made clear that if current trends continue, within the next one hundred years half of all our planet’s species will most likely have become extinct.

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  • Our precious planet is in peril. The economic overshoot of ecological thresholds is seemingly the order of the day. Yet, it is clearly not enough to lament the excessive economic use and human domination of ecosystems and sit as if in sackcloth and ashes while romanticizing the days gone by.

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  • Biological invasions are one of the major threats to our native biodiversity. The magnitude of biodiversity losses, land degradation and productivity losses of managed and natural ecosystems due to invasive species is enormous. It has an adverse impact on our efforts to maintain biodiversity and on our conservation programs, and thus could create societal instability.

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  • This chapter distinguish between conservation biology and restoration biology, list the three major threats to biodiversity and give an example of each, define and compare the small-population approach and the declining-population approach, distinguish between the total population size and the effective population size,...

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  • Beginning with modest initial attempts in roughly the 1960s, digital image processing has become a recognized field of science, as well as a broadly accepted methodology, to solve practical problems in many different kinds of human activities. The applications encompass an enormous range, starting perhaps with astronomy, geology, and physics, via medical, biological, and ecological imaging and technological exploitation, up to the initially unexpected use in humane sciences, e.g., archaeology or art history.

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  • 14 On Foraging Theory, Humans, and the Conservation of Diversity: A Prospectus The Tertiary is over. The world of our remote ancestors has nearly vanished. No nostalgia can save it; no yearning can restore it. We have entered the geological era of Homo sapiens. Like it or not, we are the boss.

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  • chapter 10 Kissimmee–Okeechobee–Florida Everglades–Florida Bay–Coral Reef System 10.1 The System The Kissimmee–Okeechobee–Florida Everglades–Florida Bay–coral reef (KOEFR) system, located in central and south Florida, is among the most unique ecological resources in the United States. This system formed over thousands of years as a major wetland represented by the Kissimmee River vegetation, the Florida Everglades, the Big Cypress Swamp, and the coastal mangroves and glades (Mitsch and Gosselink, 1993).

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  • The history and development of the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) ecosystem in the southeastern United States has intrigued natural resource professionals, researchers, and the general public for many decades. Prior to European settlement, longleaf pine forests were one of the most extensive ecosystems in North America. Most recent estimates suggest that only about 2.2% of the original area remains today, making it one of the most threatened ecosystems in North America.

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  • 9 Restoration and Management Recall for a moment the imaginary transcontinental flight that we took at the beginning of Chapter 6. Viewing North America from the air quickly reveals that humans have changed the land dramatically across most of the continent.

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  • Malcolm Hill is an Assistant Professor of Biology at Fairfield University where he teaches General Biology and Evolution (both for majors). He also teaches an evolution course for non-majors. His research focuses on the evolutionary ecology of marine sponges. April Hill is an Assistant Professor of Biology at Fairfield University where she teaches Genetics and Developmental Biology. She is an active proponent of incorporating information technology in her lectures.

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  • In the spirit of place, Steve Apfelbaum and his partner, Susan Lehnhardt, have found a unique spiritual connection through their love of the land. To be “rooted in the land” involves actively participating in a known landscape. Steve and Susan have worked directly on the land, connecting both with it and with each other as members of a community of interdependent parts —soils, waters, plants, and animals.

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  • Chapter 56 - Conservation biology and restoration ecology. This chapter distinguish between conservation biology and restoration biology, list the three major threats to biodiversity and give an example of each, define and compare the small-population approach and the declining-population approach, distinguish between the total population size and the effective population size,...

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  • Ecological issues and environmental problems have become exceedingly complex. Today, it is hubris to suppose that any single discipline can provide all the solutions for protecting and restoring ecological integrity. We have entered an age where professional humility is the only operational means for approaching environmental understanding and prediction.

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  • Chapter 7 Ecological Applications at the Level of Organisms and Single-Species Populations: Restoration, Biosecurity and Conservation 7.1 Introduction The expanding human population (Figure 7.1) has created a wide variety of environmental problems. Our species is not unique in depleting and contaminating the environment but we are certainly unique in using fire, fossil fuels and nuclear fission to provide the energy to do work.

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