Xem 1-20 trên 912 kết quả Ecological
  • Drawing on the collective expertise of world authorities, Ecological Basis of Agroforestry employs extensive use of tables and figures to demonstrate how ecologically sustainable agroecosystems can meet the challenges of enhancing crop productivity, soil fertility, and environmental sustainability. Divided into four sections, this comprehensive volume begins with a study of tree-crop interaction in tropical and temperate climates.

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  • The discipline of Landscape Ecology is rapidly emerging as a motive force, both in the domain of theoretical ecology, and in applied fields such as biodiversity conservation planning. Without it and its further development, the more reductionist elements of, and approaches to, ecology will continue to make the discipline decreasingly relevant to land management, which will be made totally on the basis of politics and socioeconomics.

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  • Research in tropical forestry is confronted with the task of finding strategies to alleviate pressure on remaining forests, and techniques to enhance forest regeneration and restore abandoned lands, using productive alternatives that can be attractive to local human populations. In addition, sustainable forestry in tropical countries must be supported by adequate policies to promote and maintain specific activities at local and regional scales.

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  • Whereas the mechanical performance of plant organs has often been discussed in evolutionary biology [1,2], tree biomechanics has rarely been considered in the context of functional ecology. Functional ecology aims at understanding the functions of organisms that result in fluxes of biomass or energy within an ecosystem, e.g., a forest. This discipline studies the processes controlling these fluxes, at either the scale of an individual, community, or ecosystem, with their response to natural or anthropic environmental variations....

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  • Ecotoxicological models have been applied increasingly to perform chemical risk assessments since the first models of this kind emerged about 25 years ago. The first ecotoxicological models were applied to very specific cases — for instance, cadmium contamination of Lake Erie or mercury contamination of Mex Bay, Alexandria. The models were inspired by the experience gained in ecological modeling and therefore contained good descriptions of ecological processes. Slightly later, the so-called fate models emerged, which were first developed by McKay and others.

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  • An Ecosystem Approach provides a modern perspective of insect ecology that integrates two approaches traditionally used to study insect ecology: evolutionary and ecosystem. This integration substantially broadens the scope of insect ecology and contributes to prediction and resolution of the effects of current environmental changes, as these affect and are affected by insects. The third edition includes an updated and expanded synthesis of feedback and interactions between insects and their environment.

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  • Urban Ecology is the study of ecosystems that include humans living in cities and urbanizing landscapes. It is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems and help societies with their efforts to become more sustainable. It has deep roots in many disciplines including sociology, geography, urban planning, landscape architecture, engineering, economics, anthropology, climatology, public health, and ecology.

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  • It is intended that this book be suitable for a variety of engineers and ecologists, who may wish to gain an introduction to the rapidly growing field of ecological and environmental modelling. An understanding of the fundamentals of environmental problems and ecology, as presented for instance in the textbook Principles of Environmental Science and Technology is assumed. Furthermore, it is assumed that the reader has either a fundamental knowledge of differential equations and matrix calculations or has read the Appendix, which gives a brief introduction to these topics....

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  • A sequel to the bestselling Ecological Risk Assessment, Ecological Risk Assessment for Contaminated Sites focuses on how to perform ecological risk assessments for Superfund sites and locations contaminated by improper disposal of wastes, or chemical spills. It integrates the authors' extensive experience in assessing ecological risks at U.S. government sites with techniques and examples from assessments performed by others.

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  • My start with ecological risk assessment at the regional scale began with the evaluation of risks within the fjord of Port Valdez, Alaska. I initially thought that the process was going to be very straightforward. The USEPA had produced a framework document and there were published case studies.

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  • Forests play a major role in global carbon (C) cycle, and the carbon density (CD) could reflect its ecological function of C sequestration. Study on the CD of different forest types on a community scale is crucial to characterize in depth the capacity of forest C sequestration.

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  • Landscape ecology continues to grow as an exciting, dynamic ecological discipline. With its broadscale emphasis and multidisciplinary approach, landscape ecology lends itself both to basic research and to applications in land management, land-use planning, wildlife management, ecosystem management, and conservation biology.

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  • This book is intended to be a presentation of alkaloids from chemical, biological and ecological points of view. It is a text for chemists, biologists and ecologists alike. However, the intended audience of this work is not limited to scientists, teachers and other present and future specialists. In fact, I wrote this book because I felt the need for it as a university educator and as a scientific enthusiast on the subject.

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  • The science of ecology and the practice of management are critical to our understanding of the Earth’s ecosystems and our efforts to conserve them. This book attempts to bridge the gap between ecology and natural resource management and, in particular, focuses on the discipline of plant ecology as a foundation for vegetation and wildlife management. It describes how concepts and approaches used by ecologists to study communities and ecosystems can be applied to their management. Guy R.

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  • What is the nature of Nature? Is it harmonious and graceful? Is it divine and providential? Is it cruel and wild? These days, answers to the question 'What is the nature of Nature?' often reverberate with claims of natural unity: every living thing in nature, and this includes humanity, is united. The unity of nature idea appears in many different forms; in the speeches of environmentally conscious politicians, in the academic writings of scientists, in the sermons of theological leaders, and in the slogans of social activists.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'ecological engineering principles and practice', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ sinh học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Of the many books that have been written about weed management, most have focused on the use of herbicides. This volume is different. Instead of providing information about chemical weed control technologies, the emphasis here is on weed management procedures that rely on manipulations of ecological conditions and relationships. By focusing on ecologically based methods of management, we have been able to provide in-depth treatment of subjects that most weed science books treat only briefly.

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  • This is an introductory textbook on mathematical ecology bridging the subdisciplines of population ecology and ecosystem ecology. The expected reader is you: a beginning graduate student, advanced undergraduate student, or someone who thinks of themselves as a student all their lives, with a working knowledge of basic calculus and basic ecology. While this is intended as a stand-alone text, the level is such that once you have read through it, you will be able to read more advanced texts and monographs such as Ågren and Bosatta (1998) and Kot (2001) with greater depth.

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  • P robably the best introduction to our book is the conclusion of another book. The other book is Something New Under the Sunby historian J. R. McNeill.1 McNeill argues that the Preacher in Ecclesiastes remains mostly but not completely right—there is indeed “nothing new under the sun” in the realm of vanity and wickedness. But the place of humankind within the natural world is not what it was. The enormity and devastating impact of the human scale on the rest of creation really is a new thing under the sun. And it greatly amplifies the consequences of vanity and wickedness.

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  • The epidemiology of infectious diseases is one of the great triumphs of applied ecology. In particular, the public health importance of parasites has lead to a large literature, exploring their impact on the population dynamics, population genetics and evolutionary biology of human populations. An important milestone was the Dahlem Conference on population biology of infectious diseases, held in 1981. The resulting book (Anderson and May 1982) lucidly summarised the contemporary state of parasite ecology and epidemiology.

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