Economic approach

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  • This study looks at whether Vietnam could adopt the Payment for Environmental Services (PES) approach as part of its national conservation strategy. Using a pilot study in the country’s uplands, it investigates how such a scheme might run and assesses its impact on the environment and on the local people’s livelihoods. Through a review of current Vietnamese conservation practice, it assesses the barriers to the adoption of such schemes and the factors that might encourage their implementation....

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  • “There never lived at the same time,” wrote Ludwig von Mises, “more than a score of men whose work contributed anything essential to economics.”1 One of those men was Carl Menger (1840–1921), professor of political economy at the University of Vienna and founder of the Austrian School of economics.

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  • Tài liệu về kinh tế học pháp luật. Tài liệu bằng tiếng Anh, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo. Economic analysis of law usually proceeds under the assumptions of neoclassical economics. But empirical evidence gives much reason to doubt these assumptions; people exhibit bounded rationality, bounded self-interest, and bounded willpower. This article offers a broad vision of how law and economics analysis may be improved by increased attention to insights about actual human behavior.

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  • Materials contained in this book were initially made available on the Englishlanguage website for a Master’s program at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) in Tokyo. They were then translated into Japanese and published in book form for the benefit of Japanese readers in early 2005. However, it soon became clear that the book was very much wanted by non-Japanese readers as well. I was approached by foreign students in Japan and publishers abroad for permission to translate it into other languages including Arabic, Chinese, and Vietnamese.

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  • During the past three centuries, three economists stand out as archetypes, symbols of three distinct approaches to economic philosophy. In the eighteenth century, Adam Smith, a student of the Scottish Enlightenment, expounded a “system of natural liberty” (what we might term a liberal democratic order consisting of an unfettered market and limited government), and elucidated how a nation flourishes and advances the standard of living of its citizens.

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  • This text has been written primarily for the specialist market of second and third year undergraduate and post-graduate students of economics. The clear explanations and basic principles that underpin the text, however, make it readily accessible to non-economists coming to environmental economics from diverse programmes of study. Natural Resource and Environmental Economics is among the leading textbooks in its field.

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  • This book is not simply an annotated roster of the Society of Dead Economists. As living economists grapple with modern economic problems and begin to alter their views, more and more readers are discovering a need for transitional books, books that bridge the gap between what economics has been and what it is becoming. A Brief History of Economics: Artful Approaches to the Dismal Science reflects this desire for a bridge over sometimes troubled waters.

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  • The umbrella term Social Sciences and Humanities refers to a plurality of fields outside the Natural or Physical Sciences. Disciplines as different as anthropology, archeology, architecture, art, cultural studies, economics, education, geography and environmental studies, history, law, languages and linguistics, political science, philosophy, psychology, sociology or translation studies, all share the concern for human relations and socio-cultural practices.

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  • With growth and development rapidly in Vietnam, is a danger of overuse and poor management of natural resources, thus affecting sustainable development. Level of understanding, knowledge and use of the principles of natural resources management (NRE) is limited to Vietnam's agriculture. Design results project is to start with the concept of resource management is used in many organizations in Vietnam (Universities, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and system extensions) and enhanced to provide the set of policy knowledge, and advice to farmers in region.

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  • Levine explains what the financial system does and how it affects, and is affected by, economic growth. Theory suggests that financial instruments, markets, and institutions arise to mitigate the effects of information and transaction costs. A growing literature shows that differences in how well financial systems reduce information and transaction costs influence savings rates, investment decisions, technological innovation, and long-run growth rates. A less developed theoretical literature shows how changes in economic activity can influence financial systems.

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  • This book introduces ‘an interdisciplinary research approach’ and comments upon how disciplinary-based approaches to tax research have developed in law, economics, accounting, political science, and social policy. Topical studies provide bibliographic surveys of specific areas of tax research. In this introductory chapter I explain the objectives of this book, the background in which it was developed, its approach, and its outline content.

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  • From the historical perspective, the two central problems facing most of the developing countries are: Who should bear the burden of the costs of development? and How should these costs be shared between those in the urban and rural sectors? The inevitable conflicts between the two have, in fact, been a long standing theme, reflected in the debates, in Britain over the Corn Laws, in the United States over industrial tariffs, and in Russia over the size of the "scissors." The book provides for the first time a unifying framework within which these questions can be systematically approached.

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  • The lecture notes are organized as follows: Chapter 1 gives a concise overview of the theory of Lebesgue and Stieltjes integration and convergence theorems used repeatedly in this course. For mathematic students, familiar e.g. with the content of Bauer (1996) or Bauer (2001), this chapter can be skipped or used as additional reference . Chapter 2 follows closely F¨ollmer’s approach to Itˆo’s calculus, and is to a large extent based on lectures given by him in Bonn (see Foellmer (1991)). A motivation for this approach is given in Sect. 2.1.

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  • This is why, in the State of the Union address, President Barroso called for new thinking for Europe – to draw the consequences of the challenges we are now facing and that are fundamentally changing our world. There can be no growth without reform and no way of confronting our challenges unless we do it together. The State of the Union speech launched ambitious ideas for the long term framing of the EU – a deep and genuine economic union, based on a political union.

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  • The book can easily serve as an intermediate microeconomics text. The focus of this book is on the conceptual tools and not on fluff. Most microeconomics texts are mostly fluff and the fluff market is exceedingly overserved by $100+ texts. In contrast, this book reflects the approach actually adopted by the majority of economists for understanding economic activity. There are lots of models and equations and no pictures of economists.

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  • Using the economic model of demand, supply, and integration, the authors discuss the elements that shape the demand when attempting to define strategic direction and potential investment strategies in the next 15 to 20 years. There is an emphasis on nonmateriel solutions in the supplying of new ideas, as well on allowing new concepts to be shared throughout the Air Force. The integration process f......

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  • Given the range of content available to internet users at effectively zero cost compared with those available to purchase through established social networks, a rational, economic decision would be primarily to use the internet to obtain counterfeit digital goods. However, our data shows this is not the case, suggesting that purely economic approaches to the purchase of counterfeit goods have limited value in explaining consumption patterns. Further, accessing illegal content via the internet offers an element of anonymity to users.

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  • Government intervenes in a myriad of ways at the local level, and rarely are these interventions coordinated effectively. In the context of the economic recovery and public budget cuts, policy silos and fragmented short-term policy interventions have become luxuries that our economies can no longer afford

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  • The current crisis is the first of this severity to hit OECD countries, since they have shifted to knowledge-based service economies where investment in intangible assets is of equal importance as investment in machinery, equipment and buildings. Efforts to stimulate the economy need to both reflect the current drivers of economic growth and take advantage of the process of “creative destruction” to accelerate structural shifts towards a stronger and more sustainable economic future.

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  • My research uses the economic approach to analyze social issues that range beyond those usually considered by economists. This lecture will describe the approach, and illustrate it with examples drawn from past and current work. Unlike Marxian analysis, the economic approach I refer to does not assume that individuals are motivated solely by selfishness or gain. It is a method of analysis, not an assumption about particular motivations. Along with others, I have tried to pry economists away from narrow assumptions about self interest.

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