Any economically viable region can create a currency viable only within its borders, use that created capital to build infrastructure and industry, and the circulation of that money will operate a prosperous economy. Simultaneous with the 800-year evolution from plunder by raids to Plunder by Trade, wealth and power
Preface and Introduction Page 3 The Definition of Money 5 Issuance of New Money 7 Attributes of Money 8 Banking 9 Electronic Money 12 Reducing Taxation by Monetary Reform 14 Money Markets 15 Economics Simplified 16 A Desire for Change 21 Implementing Change 22 The Benefits of Monetary Reform 25 No More Inflation 25 Railways 28 Freedom for Real 30 Crime 32 Pensions 34 Taxation 35 Global Warming and Climate Change 36 Why We Must Keep Out of the Euro 37 The Principle of Exchange 39 Gambling 40 Council Tax 41 Gridlocked Roads 41 Psycho-Political Warfare 43 Education 45 Religion...
As noted at the beginning, it is impossible to enumerate all of the types of laws and regulations that impact on business today. In fact, these laws have become so numerous and complex, that no business lawyer can learn them all, forcing increasing specialization among corporate attorneys. It is not unheard of for teams of 5 to 10 attorneys to be required to handle certain kinds of corporate transactions, due to the sprawling nature of modern regulation.
The relationship between political democracy and economic growth has been a center of debate in the past fifty years. A corpus of cross-country research has shown that the theoretical divide on the impact of democratic versus authoritarian regimes on growth is matched by ambiguous empirical results, resulting in a consensus of an inconclusive relationship. Through this paper we challenge this consensus.
ABSTRACT. Scholars have long suspected that political processes such as democracy and corruption are important factors in determining economic growth. Studies show, however, that democracy has only indirect effects on growth, while corruption is generally accepted by scholars as having a direct and negative impact on economic perfor-mance.
Despite a sizeable theoretical and empirical literature, no firm conclusions have been drawn
regarding the impact of political democracy on economic growth. This paper challenges the
consensus of an inconclusive relationship with a meta-analytic review and a quantitative
assessment of the democracy-growth literature.
Environmental and Natural Resource Economics takes a policy-oriented approach, introducing economic theory in the context of debates and empirical work from the field. Readers will gain a global perspective of both environmental and natural resource economics.
THE GENERAL THEORY 2. THE POSTULATES OF THE CLASSICAL ECONOMICS 3. THE PRINCIPLE OF EFFECTIVE DEMAND Book II: Definitions and Ideas 4. THE CHOICE OF UNITS 5. EXPECTATION AS DETERMINING OUTPUT AND EMPLOYMENT 6. THE DEFINITION OF INCOME, SAVING AND INVESTMENT o APPENDIX ON USER COST 7. THE MEANING OF SAVING AND INVESTMENT FURTHER CONSIDERED Book III: The Propensity to Consume 8. THE PROPENSITY TO CONSUME: I. THE OBJECTIVE FACTORS 9. THE PROPENSITY TO CONSUME: II. THE SUBJECTIVE FACTORS 10. THE MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO CONSUME AND THE MULTIPLIER Book IV: The Inducement to Invest 11.
Does democracy hurt or help economic performance? There are few questions in political economy that have attracted more attention over the years. Thinking on this subject, in one form or another, goes all the way back to Plato—who favored aristocracy to democracy, and has preoccupied many of the most fertile minds in political philosophy. More recently, with the
advent of cross-national data sources and statistical techniques, there have been numerous econometric studies investigating the relationship between political liberties and economic growth......
Senator Edwards is not alone in observing a lack of accountability in America’s
democracy. Indeed, both popular and academic media offer considerable support for
this sentiment. The popular Cable News Network (CNN) criticized “government, big
business, and special interest groups” for enriching themselves at the expense of the
common electorate and characterized elected offices as “accountability free zones”
while arguing that “our government no longer works for us.”2 Important scholars
like John Matsusaka have added weight to this type of argument.
Are you curious about how we should deal with issues like climate change, international terrorism, decision-making in democracies, migration, an ageing population, social and health insurance? Do you wonder whether the market can always regulate itself, or whether policy is sometimes required to step in? Don't you dare to ask questions that don’t have straightforward answers? The Public Economics track offers you the possibility to do just that
This year's Latin American Economic Outlook focuses on those in the middle of the income distribution in Latin America. If these middle sectors have stable employment and reasonably robust incomes, then, arguably, they provide a solid foundation for economic progress. Moreover, following the political role often attributed to the middle classes by historians and sociologists, they might also support moderate but progressive political platforms in Latin America's democracies.
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Economic forces in mass media markets result in the undersupply of diverse sources of information, inadequate production of investigative "watch dog" news and the exercise of market power by media owners.
· Increasing commercialism, concentration, consolidation and conglomeration undermine the ability of newspapers, television and the Internet to promote the robust exchange of views on which a vibrant democracy depends.
Environment and Ecological Economics present on: Climate Economics, Economics, Sustainability, and Democracy, Planetary Economics, The Economics of Climate Change and the Change of Climate in Economics, Peak Oil, Climate Change, and the Limits to China Economic Growth,...