... the greater part of human actions have their origin not in logical
reasoning but in sentiment. This is particularly true for actions that
are not motivated economically... . Man, although impelled to act
by nonlogical motives, likes to tie his actions logically to certain
principles; he therefore invents these a posteriori in order to justify
his actions. Vilfredo Pareto, The rise and fall of the elites(1968,
How can local, national, and international governments be made answerable to the people they govern instead of just the power elites? When major polluters of the atmosphere use political muscle to escape environmental controls, what can be done by the people who have to breathe the polluted air? When municipal sewage dumping or industrial waste fouls water that is vital to human health, how can people protect
The countries in which you are serving most likely inherited educational systems from Britain or
France. The original goal of these systems was to provide education to the children of the local
elites and to supply the colonial administrations and trading companies with clerical staff.
Remarkable progress has been made since the former colonies achieved independence.
Educational opportunities have been expanded at all levels as national leaders put a priory on
productivity and economic growth.
Social science, policy and popular discourse around counterfeiting regularly position
consumers of counterfeit goods as part of a technological elite or motivated by anti-
capitalist or anti-corporate positions. In order to explore this construction and
highlight its associated limitations, this paper presents quantitative data collected
through postal and web-based questionnaires looking at the frequency, location and
motivations for the purchase of counterfeit leisure items for consumers in the United