The two projects have the same economic impact, in terms of
generating income for factors of production and inducing additional
expenditures, but the hospital has a higher net present value than the
hole in the ground.
This briefing paper was commissioned by Ericsson (global provider of
telecommunications equipment and related services) and Zain (mobile operator
active in seven Middle Eastern and fifteen sub-Saharan African countries) in order
to describe the social and economic impact that mobile communication is having in
Sudan. The paper aims to give a concise overview of the key economic and social
effects of mobile telephony in Sudan and the social and economic development case
for continued investment in telecommunications infrastructure by foreign companies.
The scale of activity in the international education sector in Australia was estimated in an
April 2009 report prepared by Access Economics for the Australian Council for Private
Education and Training (ACPET), entitled The Australian Education Sector and the Economic
Contribution of International Students.
Expenditures on public transit operations (bus and train maintenance and driving) tend to
create relatively large numbers of jobs. According to one study, money spent on public
transport produces almost 9% more jobs than roadway repair and maintenance projects,
and nearly 19% more jobs than new roadway projects, assuming half the transit funds are
spent on new capital projects and half on operations (STPP 2004).
In this paper, we explore the economic effect of the ECE industry in California. We first provide an
overview of the industry in California, describing characteristics of the workforce, costs for parents,
and the availability of public dollars to assist low-income families needing child care.
Examples of specific studies that have documented the direct, indirect and
induced impacts of public transportation investment and operating spending on
region-wide jobs and wages are the Atlanta MARTA Economic Impact Study
(Tanner and Jones, 2007), the Oklahoma Transit Impact Study (Johnson, 2003),
the Wisconsin Transportation Impact Study (Cambridge Systematics and EDR
Group, 2003) , Chicago Transit Economic Impact Study (EDR Group et al, 2007)
and California High Speed Rail Environmental Impact Study (Cambridge
Systematics and EDR Group, 2007).
Traditionally, public transportation passenger cost savings were often the primary
factors considered as the benefits of public transportation projects. This mindset
has changed significantly and now it is widely accepted that public transportation
investment can also help reduce roadway traffic congestion, with broader benefits
for commercial truck deliveries, employer labor market access and on other
aspects of business productivity.
At the same time that California is decreasing ECE funding, researchers throughout the nation are
documenting the importance of the ECE industry as an engine of economic development. More than
58 states and localities have conducted analyses of the size and regional economic impact of the
industry. Because of the way that ECE expenditures “ripple” through the local economy, this sector
has been found to have an economic impact that rivals the impact of many of the industries that have
traditionally received economic development dollars from local and state governments (Liu et al.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: The economic impact of chronic fatigue syndrome in Georgia: direct and indirect costs...
Civic Economics and HousingWorks are pleased to present this analysis of the economic impact of General Obligation Bonds issued since 2006 to support affordable housing.
In 2006, 63% of Austin voters supported the issuance of $55 million in general obligation bonds to support the development of affordable housing in the city. Just short of $50 million has been expended and leveraged to obtain an additional $177 million in development expenditures, for a total expenditure in the city of $226 million.
The first half of the Review considers how the evidence on the economic impacts of
climate change, and on the costs and benefits of action to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions, relates to the conceptual framework described above.
The scientific evidence points to increasing risks of serious, irreversible
impacts from climate change associated with business-as-usual (BAU) paths
The scientific evidence on the causes and future paths of climate change is
strengthening all the time.
Transportation project expenditures create jobs and business activity directly. An
economic analysis tool called Input-Output Tables (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Input-
output_model) is used to quantify the direct and indirect jobs and business activity
created by specific expenditures by tracking how dollars flow from one industry to
another within a particular jurisdiction, such as a region or country.
Care is needed when interpreting this information since the data are aggregated and do
not necessarily reflect the specific program or project being considered.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Health and economic impact of combining metformin with nateglinide to achieve glycemic control: Comparison of the lifetime costs of complications in the U.K...
The data below are a summary of the findings. Findings found at the
town and parish level are included in the pages that follow.
Economic Impacts: 44% of those surveyed had the livelihood of their
household’s primary provider impacted. Nearly a quarter report needing
but not receiving economic assistance due to lost income. More than
10% of those surveyed were considering moving.
Chapter 26 - Business cycles, unemployment, and inflation. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Describe the business cycle and its primary phases, illustrate how unemployment and inflation are measured, explain the types of unemployment and inflation and their various economic impacts.
After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Describe the business cycle and its primary phases, illustrate how unemployment and inflation are measured, explain the types of unemployment and inflation and their various economic impacts.