Economic incentives

Xem 1-20 trên 122 kết quả Economic incentives
  • Tham khảo sách 'ten principles of economics', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • THE ROLE OF IMPORT SUBSITITUTION AND EXPORT ORIENTATION STRATEGIES ON THAILAND'ECONOMIC GROWTH This result calls the incentive effects of Tiebout choice into question, as it indicates that administrators of effective schools are no more likely to be rewarded with high demand for local housing in high-choice than in low-choice markets. To explore this further, I estimate models for the effect of Tiebout choice on mean scores across metropolitan areas. Consistent with the earlier results, I find no evidence that high-choice markets produce higher average SAT scores.

    pdf98p mualan_mualan 25-02-2013 34 14   Download

  • Discuss how incentives af fect people’s behavior The word economy comes from the Greek word for “one who manages a household.” At first, this origin might seem peculiar. But, in fact, households and economies have much in common. A household faces many decisions.

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  • Three essays consider implications of the strong association between student background characteristics and academic performance. Chapter One considers the incentives that school choice policies might create for the efficient management of schools. These incentives would be diluted if parents prefer schools with desirable peer groups to those with inferior peers but better policies and instruction. I model a “Tiebout choice” housing market in which schools differ in both peer group and effectiveness.

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  • An economic system must provide the incentives to do those things that alleviate scarcity—produce more and consume less.An economic system must provide the incentives to do those things that alleviate scarcity—produce more and consume less.

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  • This project originated in the Board on Testing and Assessment (BOTA) in 2002 as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 was in its early stages of implementation. The initial discussions were sparked by the different perspectives on the use of test-based incentives by the board members, whose expertise included a wide range of disciplines. In particular, the board’s interest in the topic was animated by the apparent tension between the economics and educational measurement literatures about the potential of test-based accountability to improve student achievement....

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  • Since other public investments can provide greater short-term employment and business activity per dollar spent, transportation projects would not be selected if economic stimulation were the only objective. Transportation investments justified if they also increase future economic productivity by reducing business transportation costs, such as traffic congestion and energy consumption, or achieve other objectives such as improved mobility for non-drivers.

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  • One way to avoid that problem is to look at sub-national jurisdic- tions. For example, the 50 U.S. states have much less variation in reli- gion and culture than do two nations such as the United States and China. In 2002, the Fraser Institute produced its first edition of the Economic Freedom of North America, which provided an index of economic freedom in U.S. states and Canadian provinces (see Karabegoviç and McMahon 2008).

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  • Evidence from many countries on the earnings, unemployment, and occupations of blacks, women, religious groups, immigrants, and others has expanded enormously during the past twenty-five years. This evidence more fully documents the economic position of minorities and how that changes in different environments. However, the evidence has not dispelled some of the controversies over the source of lower incomes of minorities (see Cain’s [1986] good review of both the theoretical literature and empirical analysis.)...

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  • In this chapter you will learn that economics is about the allocation of scarce resources, examine some of the tradeoffs that people face, learn the meaning of opportunity cost, see how to use marginal reasoning when making decisions, discuss how incentives affect people’s behavior...

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  • Chapter 1 - Thinking like an economist. This chapter to show that the Cost-Benefit Principle, deciding whether to take an action by comparing the cost and benefit of the action, is a useful approach for dealing with the inevitable trade-offs that scarcity creates. After discussing several important decision pitfalls, the chapter concludes by describing the Incentive Principle and introducing the concept of economic naturalism.

    ppt15p tangtuy09 21-04-2016 7 1   Download

  • Chapter 10 - Using economics to make better policy decisions. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Describe how the Scarcity Principle applies to choices involving health, use the incentive principle to explain why health care costs have been rising so rapidly, discuss pollution taxes and effluent permits as a means to reduce the cost of improved air quality,...

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  • This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.

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  • Discussion Questions & Answers: Cf: F & O (2005) and F, O, & F (2002) Q1. Why should a tax on gasoline provide a larger incentive to reduce air emissions from motor vehicles than an annual tax on owning a vehicle? Answer: The answer depends upon the magnitude of the fuel tax relative to the vehicle tax. A fuel tax targets the three components of emission reduction (i.e. a) number of vehicles on the road; b) miles per vehicle; and c) emissions per mile). On the other hand, an annual tax affects only the marginal decisions to put a car...

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  • The last two decades have witnessed an extensive growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to developing countries. This has been accompanied by an increase in competition amongst the developing countries to attract FDI, resulting in a rise in investment incentives offered by the host governments and removal of restrictions on operations of foreign firms in their countries. This has also led to an ever-increasing number of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and regional agreements on...

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  • To an economist, a contract is an agreement under which two parties make reciprocal commitments in terms of their behavior - a bilateral coordination arrangement. Of course, this formulation touches on the legal concept of the contract (a meeting of minds creating effects in law), but also transcends it.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'financial analysis: tools and techniques', tài chính - ngân hàng, tài chính doanh nghiệp phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf510p greengrass304 14-09-2012 38 18   Download

  • T   has ushered in great business opportunities—and great turmoil. Not since the Industrial Revolution have the stakes of dealing with change been so high. Most traditional organizations have accepted, in theory at least, that they must either change or die. And even Internet companies such as eBay, Amazon. com, and America Online recognize that they need to manage the changes associated with rapid entrepreneurial growth.

    pdf192p bimap_5 29-12-2012 36 17   Download

  • Women's involvement in the formal sector has mainly been urban-based, as civil servants in the health and education sectors, where they had a sizeable presence before the conflict. This was severely disrupted by the strong restrictions on female employment during the Taliban period. Currently, close to one-third of all teachers are female, while an estimated 40% of all basic health facilities lack female staff, a clear constraint to delivering basic services (health, in particular) to women.

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