Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Economic instruments for Obesity Prevention: Results of a Scoping Review and Modified Delphi Survey...
Environmental economics as a discipline is expanding rapidly. With this
expansion, an increasing vocabulary has been developed to explain various
techniques and ideas within the subject area. As a consequence, the need for a
dictionary to explain the terms used has arisen. The definitions provided in
this dictionary aim to give the reader access to some of the more technical
literature that has been produced, as well as a general overview of the main
techniques in the subject area of environmental and resource economics....
Levine explains what the financial system does and how it affects, and is affected by, economic growth. Theory suggests that financial instruments, markets, and institutions arise to mitigate the effects of information and transaction costs. A growing literature shows that differences in how well financial systems reduce information and transaction costs influence savings rates, investment decisions, technological innovation, and long-run growth rates. A less developed theoretical literature shows how changes in economic activity can influence financial systems.
The deployment of ‘new’ environmental policy instruments (NEPIs), namely
eco-taxes and other market-based instruments (MBIs), voluntary agreements
(VAs) and informational devices such as eco-labels, has grown spectacularly in
recent years. In 1987, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD) [OECD, 1994:177] reported that most national
environmental policies still relied upon a regulatory or ‘command and control’
mode of action, but since then the number of MBIs has grown ‘substantially’
Need for environmental protection: an economic overview; Elements of environmental protection-
sustainable agriculture and its dimensions-ecological, economic, technological, social and political;
Preservation of biological diversity. Integrated farming and organic farming; Institutional measures
and regulatory tools for environmental protection; Economic instruments for environmental
protection. Issues of food security and international irade in relation to environmental protection.
.This product is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. Reports may include research ﬁndings on a speciﬁc topic that is limited in scope; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary ﬁndings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity....
This chapter define fiscal policy and describe fiscal goals and instruments at the macroeconomic, sectoral and microeconomic levels; discuss the evolution of views on the macroeconomic role of fiscal policy, focusing on the distinction between the Keynesian and structural approaches and the choice between discretionary and rulesbased fiscal regimes; distinguish between the various definitions of budget balance and explain the economic significance of each;...
Công cụ kinh tế (EIS) (Economic Instruments) được coi là một công cụ bổ sung cho
công cụ pháp lý và hiện nay được sử dụng rộng rãi, trước khi nướ ta đang chuyển
đổi từ nền kinh tế bao cấp sang nền kinh tế trị trường như hiện nạy.
Trên thực tế công cụ quản lý môi trường và tài nguyên chỉ thực sự có hiệu quả trong
nền kinh tế thị trường.
Professor Wahlen's teaching and research interests focus on financial accounting, financial statement analysis and the capital markets. His research investigates earnings quality and earnings management; earnings volatility as an indicator of risk; fair value accounting for financial instruments; accounting for loss reserve estimates by banks and insurers; stock market efficiency with respect to accounting information; and testing the extent to which future stock returns can be predicted with earnings and other financial statement information. ...
What does it mean to own stock? Basically it means that a stock holder has a share in the company it holds stock in. In a sense the stockholders own a piece of the company that it has stock in. Stock shares are traded, bought and sold at a stock exchange such as the New York Stock Exchange which is the best known, but by no means the only stock exchange. Stocks are a type of security, Securities are instruments giving to their legal holders rights to money or other property. Securities include stocks, bonds, notes, mortgages,...
Aproject of this scope can only be realized through the outstanding contributions
of a great team of people. Accordingly, the editors wish to acknowledge
the spirit, creative talent, drive, and contributions of many. First,
we’d like to thank our 50 coaches for so generously contributing their time
and best thinking in an honest and open dialogue. In particular, Jim Kouzes
was instrumental in the development of our ideas and our knowledge of top
coaches, and generous with his perspectives and critique....
A derivative is a contract that is used to transfer risk. There are many
different underlying risks, ranging from fluctuations in energy prices to
weather risks. Most derivatives, however, are based on financial securities
such as common stocks, bonds and foreign exchange instruments.
Champagne Seas—Foretelling the Ocean’s Future?
By Jason Hall-Spencer and Elizabeth Rauer
Developing New Instrumentation for in situ Experimentation Related to Ocean Acidification— Scaling up pH Effects from the Lab to the Field By William Kirkwood and Larissa Sano Anticipating Ocean Acidification’s Economic Consequences on Commercial Fisheries
By Sarah R. Cooley and Scott C. DoneyThe Big Seven: Acidification Risks and Opportunities for the Seafood Industry
By Brad Warren
A Global Perspective on the Economics of Ocean Acidification
By Hauke L.
I wish to thank the following individuals and organizations
whose assistance was instrumental in the preparation of this book:
• Don Hull, former editorial director at Dearborn Trade Publishing,
who had the faith and foresight to take me on as
an author and who displayed remarkable restraint in spite
of my tardiness.
Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning A systematic and critical review
This report critically reviews the literature on learning styles and examines in detail 13 of the most influential models. The report concludes that it matters fundamentally which instrument is chosen. The implications for teaching and learning in post-16 learning are serious and should be of concern to learners, teachers and trainers, managers, researchers and inspectors.
Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning A systematic and critical review LSRC reference
Recent major earthquakes around the world have shown the vulnerability of
infrastructure and the need for research to better understand the nature of seismic
events and their effects on structures. As a result, earthquake engineering research has
been expanding as more and more data become available from a large array of seismic
instruments, large scale experiments and numerical simulations.
There is an old schoolyard saying: “Sticks and stones may break my bones but
words will never harm me.” If all the talk about human rights violations seems
sometimes to have little measurable effect, is it in the area of punitive trade mea-
sures that violating States are more likely to say “ouch!” and be dissuaded from
continuing along the path of either active violations of human rights or passive
toleration of them in their countries? A good case can be made for trade sanctions
as an instrument for bringing about a greater observance of human rights. But, as
Petroleum taxation is the universal instrument through which governments seek to
determine the crucial balance between the ﬁnancial interests of the oil companies and
the owners of the resource. This book addresses how governments have and continue
to approach this problem, the impacts of diﬀerent policy choices and how these are
being adapted to changing business conditions. Carole Nakhle presents the reader
with an illuminating and robust analysis of the entire taxation story, from the basic
theoretical considerations through to advanced computations applied to various tax
11 At the Margins of Orthodoxy
11.1. Games, Evolution and Growth
11.1.1. Game theory Game theory was formulated as a logical instrument for investigating situations in which the results of the choices of some agents are at least partially determined by the choices of other agents with conﬂicting interests.
Development planning is a contested terrain, particularly
in sub-Saharan Africa. Historically, the approach to
African development has been externally oriented. For the
past four decades, the subcontinent has been negotiating
its development with external partners. More often than
not, this has meant that the process, instruments and
outcomes of development have been determined by
external partners, rather than by African societies and