Xem 1-20 trên 917 kết quả Economic system
  • Capitalism and socialism have not existed forever. Capitalism came into widespread existence in the mid-1700s; socialism came into existence in the early 1900s. Before capitalism and socialism other forms of economic systems existed: Feudalism dominated the Western world from about the 8th to the 15th century.

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  • Lecture "Macro economic: Chapter 1" provides students with the knowledge: Economic concept and economic systems, the market Forces of Supply and Demand, the theory of consumer choice, the Costs of production, competitive Markets Firms print,... You are invited the same reference.

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  • Abject poverty is without question the major economic problem of the world. This has always been so, but it has become the focus of great concern for nations and for large numbers of persons in recent years. To understand its causes and achieve its possible alleviation, an understanding of the nature of economics and economic activity is necessary.

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  • In this chapter, you will learn about different economic systems and their effect on international business. You will also: Recognize the importance of economic development; understand how nations are classified as developing, newly industrialized, emerging, or developed; and learn about the process of economic transition and how countries implement market-based economic reforms.

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  • Most people work in order to earn their living.  They produce goods and services.  Goods are either produced on farms, like maize and milk, or in factories, like cars and paper. Services are provided by such things as schools, hospitals and shops. Some people provide goods; some provide services. Other people provide both goods and services. For example, in the same garage, a man may buy a car, or he may buy some service which helps him to maintain his car.

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  • The Internet challenged existing institutions and powerful interests: Technology was global, but its economic and business development was molded in the context of prevailing national institutions.Comparing the experiences of seven countries -- France, Germany, India, Japan, Sweden, South Korea, and the United States -- this book analyzes the rise of the Internet and its impact on changing national institutions.

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  • An economic system must provide the incentives to do those things that alleviate scarcity—produce more and consume less.An economic system must provide the incentives to do those things that alleviate scarcity—produce more and consume less.

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  • Hitler, Charlie Chaplin’s Great Dictator, had not only to share power, status and decorations with his generals and state officials; he also had to bribe them with economic rewards well beyond the rate for the job. Worse, he had to keep them bribed. As soon as they received a better offer, all previous deals were off. This is much like the case of a Democratic Alliance leader leaving that party to become an ambassador in 21st century South Africa. No person governs alone. Machiavelli wrote: “The first opinion that is formed of a ruler’s intelligence is based on...

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  • Session 1: Globalization - The word is moving away from self-contained national economies toward an interdependent, integrated global economic system. Globalization refer to the shift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy.

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  • In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Understand how the political systems of countries differ, understand how the economic systems of countries differ, understand how the legal systems of countries differ, explain the implications for management practice of national differences in political economy.

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  • Upon completion of this chapter you should understand: Reasons for economic success and a brief history of the U.S. economic system, legal forms of the organization and their respective sources of capital, the money cycle, contemporary financial techniques including total financial management and the team triangle approach to financial decision making, financial responsibilities as they relate to the constituents of an organization.

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  • After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Why did drivers in the former Soviet Union remove the windshield wipers and side mirrors whenever they parked their cars? What did Adam Smith mean when he said that an “invisible hand” promotes the public interest? If the Soviets were foolish to run their economy on five-year plans, why do some institutions in a capitalistic economy plan?

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  • In this chapter you will learn: The foundation of economics, the nature of economic efficiency, how to achieve economic growth, the two general types of economic systems society can choose to co-ordinate production & consumption decisions, what the circular flow model is.

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  • Chapter 1 - The economic problem, after completing this chapter, students will be able to: Consider the economic problem that underlies the definition of economics; learn about the way economists specify economic choice; examine the production choices an entire economy faces, as demonstrated by the production possibilities model; analyze the three basic economic questions and how various answer them.

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  • Chapter 4 - Costs of production. In this chapter you will: consider the major organizational forms of business—sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations; learn about economic costs (explicit and implicit) of production and economic profit analyze short-run (total, average, and marginal) products, and the law of diminishing marginal returns; derive short-run (total, average, and marginal) costs; examine long-run results of production (increasing returns to scale, constant to scale, and decreasing to scale) and long-run costs.

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  • In this chapter you will: Learn about Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the two approaches to calculating it, consider real GDP and per capita GDP and their possible uses and limitations when comparing living standards in different years or different countries, analyze other economic measures developed from the national income accounts.

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  • Chapter 11 - Economic fluctuations. In this chapter you will: Learn about aggregate demand and the factors that affect it, analyze aggregate supply and the factors that influence it, study the economy’s equilibrium and how it differs from its potential.

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  • In this chapter, you will: Learn about expansionary and contractionary fiscal policies, which are used by governments seeking economic stability; analyze the multiplier effect of fiscal policy, as determined by the marginal propensities to consumer and withdraw; consider budget surpluses and deficits and their impact on public debt and public debt charges.

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  • Chapter 15 - The foreign sector. In this chapter, you will: Be introduced to the balance-of-payments accounts, which include the current account and the capital account; learn about exchange rates and how they are determined; examine exchange rate systems and their evolution.

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  • Chapter 17 - Economic growth. When you finish this chapter, you should: Learn about economic growth, its resources, and its impact; examine economic development, its dynamics, the vicious circle of poverty, and the strategies used to break the circle.

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