In some countries, adolescents are less likely than adults to obtain skilled care
before, during and after childbirth.
WHO’s recommendations for increasing the use of skilled antenatal, childbirth and postpartum care are informed
by one graded study, one ungraded study, existing WHO guidelines and the collective experience and judgment of a
panel of experts. The studies were conducted in Chile and India. One intervention was a home visit programme for
adolescent mothers. Another was a cash transfer scheme contingent upon health facility births.
This paper reviews current marketing practices in the pharmaceutical sector, examining both consumer and doctor-oriented promotion. It presents examples of marketing practices and their impact on consumer and doctor behaviour. It identifies negative impacts of these practices which include misleading advertising, disease mongering and escalating costs. It goes on to argue the need for an independently-monitored code of practice for marketers in the pharmaceutical sector and a greater degree of consumer education for both end-users and those prescribing drugs.
Ammonia concentration should be measured using passive sampling techniques – either
the ‘Alpha’ samplers used by the Ammonia Monitoring Scheme or commercially
available diffusion tubes (e.g. those supplied and analysed by Gradko Ltd.).
Wet deposition should be collected using a standard precipitation collector (Sykes &
Lane, 1996) and analysed for NO2
Two other factors are likely to aid growth in the near term.
One is inventory investment.
Throughout the current recession, businesses have reduced inventory investment substantially.
Businesses have chosen to curtail production and run down existing stocks. This behavior has
led to a situation where even just a return to normal behavior implies a substantial rise in
inventory investment, and thus a powerful short-run impetus to growth. Renewed inventory
investment should spur production and job creation throughout the economy.
In many countries of the world, government health ministries and education ministries work
separately with different goals. However, the evidence is growing from across the world that health
and education are inextricably linked to each other and to other issues, including poverty and income
level. This is evident in the importance the United Nations Millennium Development Goals attach to
education and health in setting out their development targets.
Buchanan, ever resourceful, but always visionary, conceived a scheme
(in 1858) of instituting a great “Free College of America,” in which a
medical education would be practically free and within the grasp of all
medical aspirants. A costly building was to be erected with a hospital of
1,000 beds attached thereto, and a large library and an anatomical and
physiological museum were proposed. The professional fees ($60) were
to be abolished, and only matriculation ($10), dissection ($5), and
graduation ($20) fees were to be exacted.
Some small businesses will receive tax credits to offset their contributions to premiums. To be eligible, a company cannot employ more than 25 workers, and, in 2010, those workers must earn less than $50,000, on average. Beginning in 2014, the earnings threshold will be indexed to the consumer price index for urban workers (CPI-U).
The legislation’s penalties apply to certain employers, as well as to individual people who do not obtain coverage. In particular, a company with at least 50 full-time employees that does not offer insurance could be subject to penalties.
The economy has made considerable progress in shaking off the
legacy of the 2001 economic crisis and is on a path of growth and
increased trade integration, underpinned by improved macro-
economic stability and structural reforms. During the last five years
real GDP growth has been impressive, with an annual average
growth rate of 6.9%; inflation fell from an average of 77.
This session is an occasion to discuss good practices in MDG achievement with regard to gender equality that can help
improve the way in which development cooperation promotes gender equality in a more systematic way while also
improving its own effectiveness and coherence in line with national and international agreements.
Achievement of such commitments is a key driver of effective development cooperation on all fronts.
We are well on the way to implementing health reform and establishing Affordable Insurance Exchanges – one-stop marketplaces where consumers can choose a private health insurance plan that fits their health needs and have the same kind of insurance choices as members of Congress. Today, the Treasury Department issued proposed regulations implementing the premium tax credit that gives middle-class Americans unprecedented tax benefits to make it easier for them to purchase affordable health insurance....
Insurers anticipate this adverse job turnover dynamic. Nevertheless, insurers are expected to renew
policies and may be reluctant or prohibited from increasing premiums rapidly. As a result, offered
premiums for covering a previously uninsured ﬁrm are well above the initial expected costs for the ﬁrm’s
worker’s current age and gender distributions. Such large premium loadings deter small ﬁrms from
offering health insurance to their workers. A dynamic adverse selection problem emerges.
The Factory scene in the ﬁgure shows the efﬁcacy of the pairwise
constraint. By modifying the weights of the pairwise distance and
orientation terms, different groupings of work desks and chairs are
obtained. The accessibility and visibility constraints acting together
prevent the door and poster from being blocked. The Flower Shop
provides a striking example of the effect of the pathways constraint,
which maintains a clear path between the doors despite the dense
coverage of the remainder of the room by ﬂowers.
The Scientific Contest held for the second time this year has allowed 100
excellent young scientist of under 34 years to be supported by the Society to
join us in Florence, by providing free registration and accomodation.
The contest has been extremely tight, and although the scientific committee
could select only 100 winners, the scientific level was so high that ISGE
decided to support anyway those who did not get through, by providing a
reduced registration rate to the congress. This is the first of a series of moves
to help the young and the brightest to contribute to...
After 40 the muscle fibbers shrink and replaced slowly with a tough fibrous tissue.Muscle changes often begin in the 40s in women. Lipofuscin (an age-related pigment) and fat are deposited in muscle tissue. This is most noticeable in the hands, which may appear thin and bony. Muscles may become rigid with age and may lose tone, even with regular exercise. Loss of muscle mass reduces strength which contributes to fatigue, weakness, and reduced activity tolerance. Exercise is one of the best ways to slow or prevent problems with the muscles, joints, and bones....
In the context of the 100% CCF for calculating the leverage ratio, Basel III applies a 10%
CCF to commitments that are unconditionally cancellable and it also has been argued that
such an exception could also be made for trade finance commitments. However, the 10%
CCF treatment will only be made for commitments that are unconditionally cancellable at
any time by the bank without prior notice.
This brings us to the most complicated issue of Pakistan’s Dairy supply chain namely; achieving
a “Level Playing Field” between the middlemen Dhodhis and the processors. At present,
middlemen play a critical role in the Pakistan dairy industry: Without them, a far smaller proportion of
milk would find its way from the farmer to the consumer. To varying extents, processors rely on dhodhis
collecting milk and transporting it to collection centers. It is well known that adulteration of milk occurs
in Pakistan on a broad scale.
An introduction to furniture
care and maintenance
Furniture care and maintenance can take
many forms, whether you are completely
restoring an antique chest of drawers,
looking to cover a scratch on a dining
table, or simply wanting to restore life
to a tired looking bookcase. These tasks
may at first seem daunting, but with a
little understanding of what products
are available to you, you may well be
surprised as to how easy it can be.
This leaflet is designed to outline the
products and techniques available to
complete both simple and more
The gender gap in each dimension is then quantified
using two types of recent available data: a) published
national statistics and data from international
organizations, and b) survey data of a qualitative nature
from the annual Executive Opinion Survey of the World
Economic Forum. Following, is a brief description of
each of the five categories and the rationale behind
them. Details of the specific variables examined and
their sources may be found in the Appendix.
The medical screening for tuberculosis among persons overseas applying for U.S. immigration status and nonimmigrants who are required to have an overseas medical examination, hereafter referred to as applicants, is an essential component of the medical evaluation. Because tuberculosis is a challenging disease to diagnose, treat, and control, these instructions are designed to detect and treat tuberculosis disease among applicants and to reduce the risk of spread of tuberculosis among the U.S. population after immigration.