In recent years, great focus has been placed upon polymer thin films. These polymer
thin films are important in many technological applications, ranging from coatings
and adhesives to organic electronic devices, including sensors and detectors. Polymers
can be prepared using chemical and/or electrochemical methods of polymerization.
There are a few advantages of electrosynthesis over chemical methods.
The electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method was adopted for a fabrication of nanocomposite layers composed of ZnO particles covered by the polythiopene shell in a reduced state. This composite was prepared by oxidative polymerization of thiophene monomer with iron (III) chloride as a catalyst in the presence of ZnO particles. After polymerization, polythiophene in oxidized form was reduced by the extraction in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the obtained composite were measured by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.
Sol-gel process, a most usefully and effectively process, has a lot of advantage for preparation of a variety of advanced materials in various structures and sizes, via polymerization of metal and semiconductor hydroxides or via hydrolysis and condensation of their alkoxides, since in nucleophilic substitution (SN) reaction and nucleophilic addition (AN) reaction, the substituent with thelargest partial negative charge,is the nucleophile, and in SN reactions the substituent with the largest positive charge, + , is theleaving group or nucleofugal.
are not limited to: the wide range of oxidation and reduction reactions possible,
the possibility of reaching very high levels of product purity and selectivity, and
significantly less energy requirement. The process of electropolymerization leads to
simple and reproducible formations of polymer films, which led to a broad material
diversity of applications.
Nowadays, electrochemistry plays an important role in a wide number of fundamental
research and applied areas.