Xem 1-20 trên 255 kết quả Electronic structures
  • Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces reflects many of the new developments of catalysis, surface science, and electrochemistry. The first three chapters indicate the sophistication of the theory in simulating catalytic processes that occur at the solid–liquid and solid–gas interface in the presence of external potential. The first chapter, by Koper and colleagues, discusses the theory of modeling of catalytic and electrocatalytic reactions.

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  • Chapter 1 introduction and review the organic chemistry. The goal is for you to learn: Review concepts from general chemistry that are essen-tial for success in organic chemistry, such as the electronic structure of the atom, Lewis structures and the octet rule, types of bonding, electronegativity, and formal charges; predict patterns of covalent and ionic bonding involving C, H, O, N, and the halogens. Identify resonancestabilized structures and compare the relative importance of their resonance forms.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Crystal and electronic structure of PbTe/CdTe nanostructures

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Electronic Structures of S-Doped Capped C-SWNT from First Principles Study

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Electronic Structure of a Hydrogenic Acceptor Impurity in Semiconductor Nano-structures

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Electronic structures of GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum double rings

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  • What is VHDL? VHDL is the VHSIC Hardware Description Language. VHSIC is an abbreviation for Very High Speed Integrated Circuit. It can describe the behavior and structure of electronic systems, but is particularly suited as a language to describe the structure and behavior of digital electronic hardware designs, such as ASICs and FPGAs as well as conventional digital circuits. VHDL is a notation, and is precisely and completely defined by the Language Reference Manual (LRM).

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  • The first two chapters of the text cover a variety of topics that you need to get started with your study of organic chemistry. Chapter 1 reviews the topics from general chemistry that will be important to your study of organic chemistry. The chapter starts with a description of the structure of atoms and then proceeds to a description of the structure of molecules. Molecular orbital theory is introduced. Acid–base chemistry, which is central to understanding many organic reactions, is reviewed.

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  • Molecules, small structures composed of atoms, are essential substances for lives. However, we didn’t have the clear answer to the following questions until the 1920s: why molecules can exist in stable as rigid networks between atoms, and why molecules can change into different types of molecules. The most important event for solving the puzzles is the discovery of the quantum mechanics. Quantum mechanics is the theory for small particles such as electrons and nuclei, and was applied to hydrogen molecule by Heitler and London at 1927.

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  • This book has been outlined as follows: fabrication techniques followed by an analysis on the physical properties of carbon nanotubes, including density of states and electronic structures. Ultimately, the book pursues a significant amount of work in the industry applications of carbon nanotubes. A list of the chapters is given below.

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  • Today, an individual would be hard-pressed to find any science field that does not employ methods and instruments based on the use of fine focused electron and ion beams. Well instrumented and supplemented with advanced methods and techniques, SEMs provide possibilities not only of surface imaging but quantitative measurement of object topologies, local electrophysical characteristics of semiconductor structures and performing elemental analysis.

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  • Progress in modern science is impossible without reliable tools for characterization of structural, physical, and chemical properties of materials and devices at the micro-, nano-, and atomic scale levels. While structural information can be obtained by such established techniques as scanning and transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution examination of local electronic structure, electric potential and chemical functionality is a much more daunting problem.

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  • Ownership Structure and Business Model of Electronic Business-to-Business Marketplaces As in other multicommunity models, equilibrium in my model exhibits complete stratification: High-income families live in districts that are preferred to (and have higher housing prices than) those where low-income families live. That this must hold regardless of what parents value points to a fundamental identification problem in housing price-based estimates of parental valuations: 8

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  • The field of magnetic nanostructures is now an exciting and central area of modern condensed matter science, which has recently led to the development of a major new direction in electronics – so called ‘spintronics’. This is a new approach in which the electron spin momentum plays an equal role to the electrical charge, and these radical ideas have galvanised the efforts of previously disparate research communities by offering the promise of surpassing the limits of conventional semiconductors. Clearly the world of magnetism has now entered electronics in a very fundamental manner.

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  • In this chapter, we study the three-dimensional structures of molecules to understand their stereochemical relationships. We compare the various types of stereoisomers and study ways to differentiate among stereoisomers. In future chapters, we will see how stereochemistry plays a major role in the properties and reactions of organic compounds.

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  • Chapter 2 - Structure and properties of organic molecules. To understand these aspects of molecular structure we need to consider how the atomic orbitals on an atom mix to form hybrid atomic orbitals and how orbitals on different atoms combine to form molecular orbitals. In this chapter, we look more closely at how combinations of orbitals account for the shapes and properties we observe in organic molecules.

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  • An ultimate goal of modern biology is to understand how the genetic blueprint of cells (genotype) determines the structure, function, and behavior of a living organism (phenotype). At the center of this scientific endeavor is characterizing the biochemical and cellular roles of proteins, the working molecules of the machinery of life. A key to understanding of functional proteins is the knowledge of their folded structures in a cell, as the structures provide the basis for studying proteins’ functions and functional mechanisms at the molecular level....

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  • The load resistance in the process of building the steel frame is provided by a combination of long-term work supplemented by temporary assistance when needed. The resistance of permanent structures such as the development progresses. In a self-supporting structure is completed when the resistance of the user job completion.

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  • BACKGROUND Public agencies, private corporations, nonprofit institutions, and other organizations regularly invest millions of dollars in acquiring buildings and other constructed facilities to support their lines of business. For this investment, the owner receives a complex structure composed of hundreds of separate but interrelated components, including roofs, walls, foundations, electrical, plumbing, heating, air con- ditioning, ventilation, fire, communication, safety, and architectural systems.

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  • Chapter 3 - Structure and stereochemistry of alkanes. In this chapter you will learn: Draw and name the isomers of alkanes, and explain the trends in their physical properties; draw alkane conformations, compare their energies, and predict the most stable conformations; draw and name the isomers of cycloalkanes, and explain ring strain; draw the conformations of cycloalkanes, compare their energies, and predict the most stable conformations.

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