Heart disease causes 45% of the deaths that occur among U.S. firefighters while
they are on duty. We examined duty-specific risks of death from coronary heart
disease among on-duty U.S. firefighters from 1994 to 2004.
We reviewed summaries provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
of the deaths of all on-duty firefighters between 1994 and 2004, except for deaths
associated with the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
This book is born out of a discussion at the Socio-Legal Studies Association
annual conference in 1999 (in Loughborough) between Dave Cowan,
Caroline Hunter and Simon Halliday. We all had an interest in homelessness,
law, administrative justice and decision-making, and had a background
in researching these issues. In particular, Dave had done some early
work about informal internal appeal systems which had been developed in
the early 1990s in homelessness cases.
A public pension fund’s decision to invest in emerging domestic markets is driven first
and foremost by its fiduciary duty and overarching mission to achieve competitive financial
returns for its pension fund retirees and beneficiaries. Public pension funds, as with any
institutional fund, seek to outperform the market. Investments targeted to EDM can both
achieve good returns and help overall fund performance by diversifying the pension fund’s
portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio is made up of a spectrum of asset classes as a means of
spreading risk across classes.
The principle behind inpatient health care delivery is that patients must
receive care at the lowest level of specialization that can provide adequate
treatment, and may be transferred to hospitals with higher levels of specialization
only if necessary. Avoiding unnecessary hospitalization has been recognized
as a means of improving efficiency, and day care has been fostered through
a number of regulations, especially over the past 15 years.
This chapter provide an overview of the functions of board committees; understand the roles and responsibilities of board committees; be aware of the objectives of establishing board committees; become familiar with the duties, responsibilities, and composition of the audit, compensation, nominating, governance, and special committees; understand the process and emerging practices for the election of corporate directors.