In a Global scenario, economically progressive nations have developed medical
sciences. But still it lacks precise information during the enhancement of potent drugs
to combat ailment, which is the legacy of the organisms that generate diseases. Rising
countries had long been perceived the threat, which at times, down the lane has been
the major factor for magnanimous economic disaster and human poverty. Lot of
resources was put into force by the world community to abscond the microbial fauna
and genetically inherited diseases to contain them within the safe limits.
The book is not intended as a handbook for the nursery; many such exist, and many of them are of great merit.
Neither has it the worse than idle pretence of telling people how to treat their children's illnesses, without the
help of a doctor. Its object is to give a description of the diseases of early life, such as may help a mother to
understand something of their nature and symptoms, to save her from needless anxiety as to their issue, and to
enable her wisely to second the doctor in his endeavours for their cure....
After the publication of Emergency Neurology: Principles and Practice, many emergency
medicine residents inquired whether a handbook based on the main text
would be available. As a result, we developed a handbook to be carried by emergency
physicians, extending our initial goal of disseminaing the principles of
emergency neurology to emergency physicians and providing a ready resource
in caring for patients with neurological emergencies. As we embarked upon the
handbook project, we realized that this is a daunting challenge.
General symptoms include morning stiffness of more than 60 minutes, fatigue, sometimes
even slightly elevated temperature, but the main initial symptom is low back pain at night
and in the morning. All patients with low back pain should be questioned about a positive
family history concerning rheumatic diseases, as the risk of developing this illness is higher
in patients where family members already have been diagnosed with ankylosing
Cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, strokes and diseases of other arteries, is a major
cause of early death and disability. For many years the major markers of disease risk have been well recognised:
these include high blood cholesterol levels and smoking. But it has also been recognised that these markers do
not account for all cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, treatments that are highly effective in altering these
markers, for instance the ‘statin’ drugs used to lower cholesterol, do not remove risk entirely: typically they
reduce it by about 30% or less.
Ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in
both developed and developing countries, and remains one of the most important
public health problems. The continuous rise in the prevalence of disorders such as
obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension is driving the ever-increasing
number of incidences of ischemic heart disease.
Cardiovascular emergencies account for at least 30% of all medical emergencies. The impact of cardiovascular disease is felt in every hospital and every community. Whether you are drawn to critical care practice or not, you are bound to be confronted by acute cardiac events. Responding appropriately to cardiac emergencies requires a basic familiarity with cardiac anatomy and physiology, the ability to mobilize an advanced life support team, and the skills to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)....
Demographic and epidemiological transitions and changes in lifestyle are leading to the
emergence of cancer and other chronic diseases as public health problems in India. Cancer
pattern in India reveals the predominance of tobacco related cancers, which are amenable
to primary prevention. Cancer Registries in different parts of the country reveal that majority
of cancer cases present in an advanced stage and makes treatment options prolonged and
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by an irreversible deterioration of renal function that gradually progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). CKD has emerged as a serious public health problem.
Endometrial, cervical, and ovarian cancers are the three most common malignancies of the female
reproductive tract. In the United States alone, roughly 12,000 women are diagnosed with uterine
cervical cancer annually, and 4,000 will die from the disease . The relatively low incidence of
cervical cancer in the US is largely attributable to the effectiveness of Papanicolaou’s cytological
cervical screening test (the Pap test).
In many parts of the world the primary source of animal protein for humans is finfish. The
intensive culture of finfish has grown significantly since the 1980s partly because of the
dramatic decline in the natural fish stocks and the increase in fish consumption by the
ever-increasing population. For example, the worldwide consumption of fish between
1990 and 1997 increased by 30% while the capture fisheries increased only by 9%.
The Forum on Emerging Infections was created by the Institute of Medicine
(IOM) in 1996 in response to a request from the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The purpose of
the Forum is to provide structured opportunities for leaders from government,
academia, and industry to meet and examine issues of shared concern regarding
research, prevention, detection, and management of emerging or reemerging
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) or multiple personality disorder is assumed to have its
onset in childhood, but it is usually diagnosed in the fourth decade. It affects
preponderantly women and typically runs a chronic, waxing and waning course.
Comorbidities with other conditions (such as mood disorders and substance abuse) and its
plethora of clinical manifestations may hinder timely diagnosing.
The management of patients with vascular disease is complex and requires a
multi-disciplinary approach of which nurses play an integral part. Recent
years have witnessed the development of vascular nursing in the UK as a
specialist area, with appointments of vascular nurse specialists and nurse
Specialist vascular courses are now available for nurses in the UK and vascular
nurses have their own professional society.
This book aims to provide nurses with the appropriate knowledge to meet the
challenge of caring for patients with vascular disease.
The negative health impact of many large-scale public health emergencies,
such as an intentional anthrax release, severe acute respiratory
syndrome (SARS), or the recent 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, can be
mitigated significantly by medical countermeasures such as antimicrobials,
antivirals, and vaccines. To be effective, these countermeasures generally
must be delivered in very large quantities in a short period of time.
Humidity promotes the
growth of moulds
The majority of the health effects linked to dampness and moisture
of buildings are those of the respiratory system. They range from
irritation of mucous membranes, respiratory symptoms, and
infections to diseases such as asthma and allergy. However , it is still
not known precisely how dampness leads to these symptoms and
which are the main substances responsible.
Humidity problems in buildings may originate from leaks,
condensation, or the ground.
The results was read according to the grading
system of the International Union Against TB and Lung
Diseases as - , +, ++, +++7. Thereafter, the sputum was
decontaminated using 4 per cent NaOH. The resulting
solution was mixed using vortex mixer. About one ml
from the mixture was inoculated onto prepared modified
Ogawa egg medium as previously demonstrated8 and
incubated at 37oC for six weeks. M. tuberculosis strain
H37Rv and sterile Ogawa medium were used as positive
and negative controls respectively.
In fiscal year 2001, Congress allocated funds for NIOSH to establish a new program for personal protective technology research to protect the nation’s miners, firefighters and other emergency responders, and health care, agricultural, and industrial workers. To carry out this research, NIOSH formed the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL).
The global community has suffered recently from newly emerged infectious diseases and from diseases once thought to be in decline. It now faces the threat of a human influenza pandemic arising from the recently emerged avian influenza H5N1 virus. The pace of global travel, migration, and commerce has increased
Heart disease causes 45% of the deaths that occur among U.S. firefighters while
they are on duty. We examined duty-specific risks of death from coronary heart
disease among on-duty U.S. firefighters from 1994 to 2004.
We reviewed summaries provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
of the deaths of all on-duty firefighters between 1994 and 2004, except for deaths
associated with the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.