Xem 1-20 trên 69 kết quả Emission and function
  • Remaining Funds, which account for €147 billion of shares/units in issue, consist primarily of mixed funds, but also include real estate and other unclassified funds. This category has performed positively in Q1 2012, second only to equity funds in terms of revaluations, with asset growth of €8.9 billion or 6.4 per cent. Remaining funds were the strongest performing category in Q4 2011, and despite a continued resilient performance, the category attracted negligible net new investment of €0.1 billion. ...

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  • Moreover, the concept of market segmentation is now becoming relevant in countries that have suffered from a lot of problems and shortages in the past, but are now ex- periencing an economic development equal to that of the western countries after World War II. In particular, due to the economic liberalization processes and the on- going opening of the Chinese economy for foreign trade and investment, which hav e been carried out since 19809 , this applies to the Peoples Republic of China.

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  • The last two explanatory variables are control variables, while the remaining variables are the corporate governance variables that we discussed in Section VA. As discussed in Section II, the signs of most of these variables are empirical issues, so we use the observed signs to interpret our results. The top section of Table 7 shows estimates of four variants of equation (6) for the full sample.

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  • They were given titles only after a maquette (at leas) had been made. In some cases the work had already been put together as a full-scale mockup or fabricated in steel before its image became clear and it was named. Occasionally titles ...came to me all at once. Moses is an instance of the latter. The parallel uprights suggested the horns in Michelangelo’s Moses.

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  • Minimum temperatures in winter are very likely to increase more than the mean winter temperature in northern Europe (Hanssen-Bauer et al., 2005), while maximum temperatures in summer are likely to increase more than the mean summer temperature in southern and central Europe (Tebaldi et al., 2006). Concerning precipitation, the annual sum is very likely to increase in northern Europe (Hanssen-Bauer et al., 2005) and decrease in the Mediterranean area.

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  • The Internet’s rapid and profound entry into our lives quite understandably makes people wonder how, both individually and collectively, we have been affected by it. When major shifts in technology use occur, utopian and dystopian views of their impact on society often abound, reflecting their disruptiveness and people’s concerns. Given its complex uses, the Internet, both as a technology and as an environment, has had both beneficial and deleterious effects. Above all, though, it has had transformative effects.

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  • It is intended to support local practitioners in the design and implementation of appropriate country specific EIA and SEA arrangements and in addressing emerging demands for a more integrated approach to decision-making in support of sustainable development. This last area was identified as a priority at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and is being taken forward by UNEP through a number of initiatives, including those reported below. UNEP recognizes that such an approach will take time to become standard practice.

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  • One of the largest sources of energy flow in many buildings is the sun. We are used to thinking of the sun in terms of providing light, which with proper design can avoid the need for artificial lighting in buildings for the majority of the year. In addition to light, solar heat gain through windows typically dominates the cooling demands of commercial buildings and without adequate control can lead to reliance on air conditioning. On the other hand, the same energy can also be harvested for both space and water heating in carefully designed buildings. ...

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  • Health Disparities Across the continent, significant health disparities exist. In Canada, Aboriginal children rank with many children in the developing world on several key indicators, including infant mortality and injury deaths. In Mexico, children living in rural and indigenous communities experience worse health outcomes than those who live in cities. And, in the United States, children of color suffer poorer health on a number of indicators. Children’s health and security demand our attention.

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  • Poverty can be thought of as a vicious circle. Low-income households have less education and are probably less healthy than wealthier ones,making it very difficult for themto leave that poverty state through their own work and effort. It has been previously established that investments in children’s health and education could help break this circle by enhancing individual’s future income through their future productivity. For instance, Currie and Hyson (1999), Case et al.

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  • Essential for students, science and medical graduates who want to understand the basic science of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), this book describes the physics, chemistry, technology and overview of the clinical uses behind the science of PET and the imaging techniques it uses. In recent years, PET has moved from high-end research imaging tool used by the highly specialized to an essential component of clinical evaluation in the clinic, especially in cancer management.

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  • These research teams study for example the impact and mechanisms of greenhouse gas emissions and atmospheric pollutant on climate, ozone depletion and carbon sinks (oceans and inland waters, forests and soil). They do research to understand the mechanisms and assess the impact of global change on the water cycle, water quality and availability, as well as soil functions and quality to provide the bases for management tools for sustainable water systems. Biodiversity and ecosystems are analysed to understand and minimise the negative impacts of human activities.

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  • Does this mean that differences in genetic diversity levels will have predictable ecological consequences? The answer is no, because only one portion of genetic diversity is connected to ecological factors, i.e. adaptation. Ecological adaptation is a significant factor for example, in range expansion of plant species. Plants with different genotypes conferring the highest levels of fitness are expected to survive and reproduce better, shifting the gene pool over time towards higher frequencies of the alleles making up the more successful genotypes (Ward et al., 2008).

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  • Hydrogen peroxide is a strong oxidant that can be injected into a contaminated zone to destroy petroleum contaminants. When injected to groundwater, hydrogen peroxide is unstable, and reacts with organic contaminants and subsurface materials. It decomposes to oxygen and water within hours of its introduction into groundwater generating heat in the process. Peroxide is typically shipped to a remediation site in liquid form at dose concentrations ranging from five percent to 50 percent by weight.

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  • Clients in the system specify an interest in the type of events that they are interested in. Some examples of interests specified by clients could be sports events or events sent to a certain discussion group. It is the system, which computes the clients that should receive a certain event. A particular event may thus be consumed by zero or more clients registered with the system. Events have explicit or implicit information pertaining to the clients which are interested in the event.

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  • Dynamicity of participants: Some P2P systems, such as [10], assume a fixed set of nodes in the system. However, one of the greatest potential strengths of P2P systems is when they eschew reliance on dedicated infrastructure and allow peers to leave the system at will. Even under these conditions, participants typically have broadly varying availability characteristics. Some peers are akin to servers: their membership in the system stays largely static. Others have much more dynamic membership, joining and leaving the system at will.

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  • Assume a policy with a $2 million premium that reimburses the policyholder when aggregate losses for the calendar year exceed $10 million. Assume that the losses covered by the policy are generally low severity/high frequency, with minimal catastrophe potential (i.e., the policy is meant to cover mostly pricing risk, not large loss risk). Also assume that the expected losses are $8 million, and that the expected losses normally occur evenly throughout the year. After one quarter, losses would have to be 500% of expected for attachment to occur.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Field Emission and Radial Distribution Function Studies of Fractal-like Amorphous Carbon Nanotips

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  • These guidelines specify standard appraisal procedures for Japanese real estate appraisers (the only profession that is licensed and registered by the government by law. Hereinafter “Japanese Appraisers”) to appraise overseas real estate for investment purposes. As the globalization of the real estate market progresses, cross-border real estate investment is gaining momentum. In addition, real estate investment trust (REIT) markets have been set up in the past few years, and international competition in real estate markets is heightening rapidly....

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  • Woodford (2000) has shown that the problem is more complex than fiscal versus monetary dominance. Faithful adherence to an anti-inflation monetary rule may not by itself be sufficient to ensure price stability – because government policy frameworks may engender fiscal expectations that are inconsistent with stable prices. The conclusion from this brief summary of these perspectives from economic theory is that there is no agreed view about the impact of government debt on the long-term interest rates.

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