Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Randomised controlled trial of school-based humanistic counselling for emotional distress in young people: Feasibility study and preliminary indications of efficacy...
The pebble was tossed into the water by Charles
Darwin in 1872 when he declared in his book The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
that humans are not the only members of the animal
kingdom that experience a wide array of emotions
and feelings. Despite the reputation of the renowned
biologist, the ripples that this tiny rock generated
went largely unappreciated at the time. In fact, these
ripples remained quite small until the middle of the
Over the last decade or two, however, there has been increasing awareness on the impact of
emotional distress during pregnancy—growing recognition that the incidence of depression
during pregnancy is at least as high as it is postnatally (Faisal-Cury & Menezes, 2007;
Marcus, 2009), that the majority of cases of postnatal depression begin during pregnancy
(Heron et al.
The resettlement of humans on earth has never taken place as rapidly as it is
doing now. As little as 1% of the earth’s total land mass is used as urban
centres (cities) and these cities, astoundingly, carry 50% of the world’s
population. Urban centres are extremely well suited to a group of insects which
have associated their lives with humans and their activities. These urban insects
cause pain, annoyance, emotional distress, disability and damage as a result of
bites, stings and physical reactions, in addition to a plethora of diseases and
In so few words, this poem beautifully captures what is so vital about early
emotional development and its importance in the human condition. It is the
willingness and ability to embrace fully and experience the broad spectrum of
emotional states, including those that are painful and distressing, that may be
key to mental health and adaptive personal development.
Identify and assess children who are showing early signs of anxiety,
emotional distress or behavioural problems. Normally, specialists should
only be involved if the child has a combination of risk factors and/or the
difficulties are recurrent or persistent. The assessment should be carried
out in line with the Common Assessment Framework (to ensure effective
communications with the relevant services) and using other appropriate
When our son was diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder at the
age of two and a half, like thousands of parents before us we
roller-coasted through the typical emotional responses: dismay,
grief, fear for our future, but finally relief. We conclusively had a
name for this condition that was filling our little boy’s life with
distress, impossible, repetitive and meaningless routines and such a
reluctance to respond to us that we were sure he was deaf.
As with other age groups, more older women than older
men experience depression, but rates decrease among
women after menopause.
Evidence suggests that
depression in post-menopausal women generally occurs
in women with prior histories of depression. In any case,
depression is NOT a normal part of aging.
The death of a spouse or loved one, moving from work
into retirement, or dealing with a chronic illness can leave
women and men alike feeling sad or distressed.
Acknowledgments are always my favorite part of my books
because I get to thank the people who helped me.
First up is Katie Wiesel. After reading a few pages, Katie took the
initiative, and her shelter-seeking instincts found my book a home.
Without Katie, there would be no book, and the best part is that she
did not take 15 percent!
Community palliative care clinical nurse specialists (commonly known
as Macmillan nurses) play an important role in specialist palliative care
(Skilbeck et al. 2002). They spend time with patients and their families,
helping them come to terms with an array of complex emotional
and practical problems, facilitating communication, giving information
and advice about treatments and also offering expertise in controlling
pain and other distressing symptoms. These nurses are equipped with
specialist skills to assess the complex palliative care needs of patients
referred to the service.
Telch and Telch (1986) randomized 41 cancer patients with different diagnoses and
stages of disease to a coping skills instruction group, an emotional support group or a
no-treatment control group. The coping skills group showed consistent improvement
in affective state, cognitive distress, communications, coping with medical procedures,
and satisfaction related to work, social activities, physical appearance, sexual inti-
macy, physical and social activities.
Family members are often the primary
caregivers of people with mental dis-
orders. They provide emotional and
physical support, and often have to
bear the ﬁnancial expenses associated
with mental health treatment and
care. It is estimated that one in four
families has at least one member cur-
rently suffering from a mental or
behavioural disorder. In addition to
the obvious distress of seeing a loved-
one disabled by the consequences of
a mental disorder, family members are
also exposed to the stigma and dis-
crimination associated with mental ill
For this reason, levels of mental distress among communities need to be understood less in terms of
individual pathology and more as a response to relative deprivation and social injustice, which erode
the emotional, spiritual and intellectual resources essential to psychological wellbeing. While psycho-
social stress is not the only route through which disadvantage affects outcomes, it does appear to