Empirical findings

Xem 1-20 trên 66 kết quả Empirical findings
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Mourning and melancholia revisited: correspondences between principles of Freudian metapsychology and empirical findings in neuropsychiatry...

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  • Reviews the primary literature and empirical findings related to three major factors that affect military personnel productivity: experience, training, and ability. The majority of studies concerning the relationship between productivity and experience, training, or aptitude find that each of these three factors contributes significantly to

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  • We describe a corpus-based investigation of proposals in dialogue. First, we describe our DR/compliant coding scheme and report our inter-coder reliability results. Next, we test several hypotheses about what constitutes a well-formed proposal. 1 Introduction we report our findings .on tracking agreement. 2 Tracking Agreement Our corpus consists of 24 computer-mediated dialogues 1 in which two participants collaborate on a simple task of buying furniture for the living and dining rooms of a house (a variant of the task in (Walker, 1993)). ...

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  • This paper proposes to solve the bottleneck of finding training data for word sense disambiguation (WSD) in the domain of web queries, where a complete set of ambiguous word senses are unknown. In this paper, we present a combination of active learning and semi-supervised learning method to treat the case when positive examples, which have an expected word sense in web search result, are only given. The novelty of our approach is to use “pseudo negative examples” with reliable confidence score estimated by a classifier trained with positive and unlabeled examples.

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  • This study attempts to find answers to the question of how a computer program should resolve atThis empirical study attempts to find answers to the question of how a natural language (henceforth tachment by examining naturally occurring PP atNL) system could resolve attachment of preposi- tachments in a typed dialogue domain drawn from a study by Brunner, Whittemore, Ferrara, and Hsu tional phrases (henceforth PPs) by examining nat(1989). Various previously developed theories of urally occurring PP attachments in typed dialogue. ...

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  • Understanding the relationship between credit and interest rate risk is critical to many applications in finance, from valuation of credit and interest rate-sensitive instruments to risk management. This study empirically examines the relationship between interest rates and default risk using firm level corporate default data in the United States between 1982 and 2008. We find significant negative contemporaneous correlations between the changes in short interest rates and aggregate default rates, with a particularly strong relationship around financial crises.

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  • This paper documents evidence of business cycle synchronization in selected Asia Pacific countries in the 1990s. We explain business cycle synchronization by the channel of international capital flows. Using the VAR method, we find that most Asian countries experience boom-bust cycles following capital inflows, where the boom in output is mostly driven by consumption and investment. Empirical evidence shows that capital flows in the region are highly correlated, which supports the conclusion that capital market liberalization has contributed to business cycle synchronization in Asia.

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  • The favorable reception of Portfolio Management Formulas exceeded even the greatest expectation I ever had for the book. I had written it to promote the concept of optimal f and begin to immerse readers in portfolio theory and its missing relationship with optimal f. Besides finding friends out there, Portfolio Management Formulas was surprisingly met by quite an appetite for the math concerning money management. Hence this book. I am indebted to Karl Weber, Wendy Grau, and others at John Wiley & Sons who allowed me the necessary latitude this book required....

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  • This book is not a traditional style manual that prescribes mechanical details such as the forms for levels of headings, typing requirements, and so on. A number of excellent style manuals, including the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, already cover these matters . Neither will you find here a discussion of the mechanics of standard English usage; it is assumed that you have already mastered these. Finally, it is also assumed that you have already selected an important research topic, applied sound research methods, and analyzed the data.

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  • How are you feeling right now? This is the core question behind this book. But there is a hidden agenda! Before introducing it, we would like to present the Emotional Stress Reaction Questionnaire (ESRQ) right up-front. Read the instruction and start this book by responding to the ESRQ below. It should take less than one minute to complete!Formulation of Strategy

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  • Small firms drive economic growth. Research in the OECD countries consistently shows that job growth in the entrepreneurial sector is substantially higher than it is among established (corporate) incumbents (Audretsch and Thurik, 2001). More recently, the international buzz about entrepreneurship has become even more pronounced with the explosion of new technology, rise in the availability and use of equity capital and breaking down of economic and trade barriers.

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  • The Wiley Concise Guides to Mental Health are designed to provide mental health professionals with easily accessible overview of what is currently known about the nature and treatment of psychological disorders. Each book in the series delineates the origins, manifestations, and course of a commonly occurring disorder and discusses effective procedures for its treatment. The authors of the Concise Guides draw on relevant research as well as their clinical expertise to ground their text both in empirical findings and in wisdom gleaned from practical experience.

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  • The writing of second language learners of English often presents problems that are different from those found in the writing of native English speaking students. These include culturally conditioned rhetorical patterns that sound ‘strange’ to the native speaker ear as well as unfamiliar grammatical errors that are simply not found in native speaker writing.

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  • This multiple-case study focuses on the practices and functions of customer reference marketing, and on the ways through which customer references can be deployed as marketing assets. The research is based on multiple-case-study methodology and the empirical findings were derived from an in-depth analysis of 38 semi-structured personal interviews with managers in four case companies operating in the fields of process and information technology.

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  • Organization scholars have long acknowledged that control processes are integral to the way in which organizations function. While control theory research spans many decades and draws on several rich traditions, theoretical limitations have kept it from generating consistent and interpretable empirical findings and from reaching consensus concerning the nature of key relationships.

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  • The third reason stems from a different set of empirical findings. Barring sub-Saharan Africa over the past thirty years or so, gross income per head has grown in nearly all poor regions since the end of the Second World War. In addition, growth in world food production since 1960 has exceeded the world’s population growth: by an annual rate of 0.6 percent, approximately.This has been accompanied by improvements in a number of indicators of human welfare, such as the infant survival rate, life expectancy at birth, and literacy.

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  • In total, the model can generate expected excess corporate bond returns in four ways. First, through the dependence of credit spreads (or, equivalently, default intensities) on default-free term structure factors. Second, because the risk of common or systematic changes in credit spreads across firms is priced. Third, via a risk premium on firm-specific credit spread changes, and, fourth, due to a risk premium on the default jump. 1 Empirically, we find that all these terms contribute to the expected excess corporate bond return, except for the risk of firm-specific credit spread changes.

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  • Incorporating relevant theoretical and empirical findings, this paper aims to identify and conceptualize the primary dimensions which influence the consumers‘ individual perception of luxury as a first step leading towards a scale to measure luxury value cross-culturally. According to Hassan and Katsanis (1994) and Tse et al. (1988), we suggest that the needs of luxury consumer segments cross national borders and that common structures in luxury value perception exist cross-culturally – even if the relative importance of the decision determinants may vary.

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  • Another way to look at cross-country evidence is to look at the association between tax ratios and, not the level of prosper- ity, but the growth rate of prosperity. There have been a large number of studies about this concept in the last twenty years. Robert Barro of Harvard had an influential study several years back claiming to find that, while holding other determinants of growth constant, low tax rates and low government spending were associated with higher growth.

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  • The theoretical approaches described above were developed without reference to empirical findings. Initial examinations of empirical health trends indicated that the trends differed when different aspects of health were examined and that some indicators showed improving health and some deteriorating health. For instance, Verbrugge (76) noted that from 1972 to 1981 there were increases in reported disease presence and disability, yet improvements in self-reported health.

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