Xem 1-20 trên 40 kết quả Employments of labour
  • The annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniences of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations.

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  • Labour is the most important human activity creating society's material riches and spiritual values. Labour of a high level of productivity, quality and efficiency is the determining factor in national development. Labour law lays down the rights and obligations of workers and employers, labour standards, the principles of labour utilization and administration; contributes to the uplift of production, and therefore holds an important place in social life and in the legal system of the nation.

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  • No one in Macedonia knows the real picture. How many are employed and not reported or registered? How many are registered as unemployed but really have a job? How many are part time workers – as opposed to full time workers? How many are officially employed (de jure) – but de facto unemployed or severely underemployed? How many are on “indefinite” vacations, on leave without pay, etc.? The Statistics Bureau must be instructed to make the gathering and analysis of data regarding the unemployed (through household surveys and census, if necessary) – a TOP PRIORITY....

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  • This chapter introduces you to labour markets, and the demand and supply of labour. You will also learn about the different outcomes when many firms or when only one firm are employing labour in a given market.

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  • The social democratic political economies showed higher levels of union density, that is, a greater propor- tion of workers belonging to organised labour unions, social security expenditures, and public employment levels. They had the largest public expenditure in health care from 1960 to 1990, and greatest health care coverage of citizens. These nations instituted full employment strategies, achieved high rates of female employment, and showed the lowest degree of income inequality and poverty rates.

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  • The economy continues to undergo structural change as it shifts from being dominated by the agricultural sector. The shares of the service and industry sector in real GDP have increased over the last three decades, whereas agriculture accounts for little more than 10% today compared to 25% in the mid-1970s. Because of the widely diverging labour productivities in the different sectors and significant employment of unpaid family workers in agriculture these changes are not fully reflected in the sectors’ shares in employment.

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  • Promoting exports is often an important option for small open economies like South Africa. It was certainly thought that trade would contribute to job creation. Yet there has been concern that trade has encouraged greater capital intensity. This paper compares labour absorbtion that arises from trade and from the domestic market. It takes this further to consider employment created by export destination. A fuller understanding of employment implications is made possible by using social accounting matrix to take into account both direct and indirect employment....

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  • Among the many diseases incident to the coal-miner, none come oftener under medical treatment, than affections of the respiratory and circulating organs. While the collier is subject--during his short but laborious life--to the other diseases which afflict the labouring classes in this country, such as inflammations, fevers, acute rheumatism, and the various eruptive diseases, he, at last, unavoidably, falls a victim to lesions within the cavity of the chest, arising from the nature of his employment.

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  • Two key phenomena in occupation segregation in the South African labour market are examined – discrimination and acquired human capital, and it is argued here that these perpetuate the inequalities observed in the labour market. The influence of inequities in acquired human capital on educational attainment is examined, and the related influence on labour market prospects and the impact of qualification differences and other discriminatory factors on employment in South Africa are explored, in light of the key role that higher education has to play....

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  • Objectives of this thesis are to perform a comprehensive, in-depth and systematic study on some theoretical issues on employers' right to labor management. Based on studied theoretical basis, the thesis focuses on analyzing actual state of current law on employers' right to labor management. By evaluation of inadequate points in current laws, the thesis proposes amendments and supplementations of some provisions on employers' right to labor management in Vietnam appropriate to labor market development in the context of regional and international integration.

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  • Labour is the most important activity of a human being creating both material products and social values. High labour productivity, quality and efficiency are significant factors which determine the level of development of a country. By regulating the rights and obligations of employees and employers, labour standards, and labour utilization and management, the Labour Code not only contributes increased production but also plays an important role in society and in the legal system of the nation....

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  • The social insurance of farmers is covered by section „rural development”. This section falls under the competence of the minister in charge of rural development, who, however, cooperates in matters of social insurance of farmers with the minister in charge of social security issues. Problems of employment and counteracting unemployment are covered by „labour” section, administered by the minister in charge of labour issues.

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  • Given that the pool of underutilized labour is large in almost all developing countries (either in the form of open unemployment or in the form of hidden unemployment in both the agricultural and the informal sector), this then leads to an increase in employment in the modern sector which in turn leads to more incomes and savings. The expansion of the production of the modern sector moreover brings about the penetration of modern technology into the economy and hence an increase in productivity and goods supply, also adding to higher incomes.

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  • Access Economics defines  the economic  contribution of  international  students as deriving  from the income flow from this expenditure, in other words, the value added component of  this expenditure. Value added is that part of the expenditure which either forms the basis of  income  for  labour  or  gross  operating  surplus  (GOS)  to  capital  owners,  after  allowing  for  spending  on  intermediate  inputs  from  other  industries  and  taxes  on  production  (net  of  subsidies).

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  • Responsibility, like rights, duties, obligations, justice and fairness, is a concept employed by the law in the ordering, regulation and resolution of conflicts in human life. This book contributes to analysis of responsibility, in which there is currently a renewed interest amongst politicians, in law and in academic research. At the same time, as a term employed by family members to describe the nature of their relationships with one another, responsibility is a concept employed in the ordering and negotiation of family relationships.

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  • State and local governments finance public services primarily through taxes. Nationally, the two biggest taxes are the property and sales tax, which generate more than two- thirds of all state and local tax revenue. Because states rely most on sales and property taxes, and because these taxes place higher effective rates on low- and middle-income households (who spend a greater share of their incomes on housing and purchasing necessities than the wealthy), state and local tax systems are regressive. In Rhode Island, the lowest twenty percent of households pay 11.

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  • The EU economy continues to deal with a difficult post-financial crisis correction, which bears heavily on its growth and employment performance. This forecast has been prepared against a mixed background of mostly disappointing hard data and survey indicators since our spring forecast, encouraging signs of progressing economic adjustment in Member States and important policy advances.

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  • Some key indicators for ME and total manufacturing have already been compared above. This section adopts a dynamic approach in performing this analysis and aims to compare how gross value added, labour productivity, employment, wages, and unit labour costs of ME and total manufacturing have evolved over time. Gross value added (GVA) is considered as a first performance measure. Figure 2.4 plots the relative development of real GVA over a period from 1995 to 2008. There has been a close co-development until 2004, with ME achieving higher growth rates thereafter.

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  • Community health centers face many challenges to providing patients with optimal end- of-life care. Primary care is typically fragmented from specialty, palliative and hospice care. This break in the continuity of care as patients approach death can be alienating, stressful and painful for patients, family members, caregivers and providers. Patients often have difficulty getting their own wishes met as they get swept up in high tech acute care medicine.

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  • The following pages are presented to the medical public with very humble pretensions. It is chiefly with the minor accidents or diseases that they have to do; but I shall not consider that I have laboured in vain, if I am enabled to mitigate even these little evils of human life. In these prefatory observations, however, I would suggest the question whether the caustic may not be employed with benefit even in some of the severer diseases to which the human frame is liable.

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