Through the efforts of a wide array of public and private organizations around the globe,
a strong and growing movement is beginning the process of transforming the systems
that create the built environment from ones that pay no attention to resources and the
environment to a new variety in which these considerations are the pre-eminent criteria
for “good” construction. Although dating back only to the early 1990s, there is already
ample evidence that the “green building” movement is affecting the design, construction,
operation, and disposal of the built environment....
Our precious planet is in peril. The economic overshoot of ecological thresholds is seemingly
the order of the day. Yet, it is clearly not enough to lament the excessive economic use and
human domination of ecosystems and sit as if in sackcloth and ashes while romanticizing the
days gone by.
In the Western world, the arrival in the 20th century of the Welfare State meant that the basic
needs of citizens in terms of health, hygiene and socio-economic considerations were met to
a greater extent than ever before. It soon however became apparent that, as Maslow’s
hierarchy of need predicts (Maslow, 1943), people continued to want more, they needed
choices, and they sought opportunities to fulfil ambitions and goals.