This paper analyzes four important issues related to national renewable energy policies including strategies for energy development, policies on financial supports for renewable energy development, use of taxes and fees for energy management, policies on energy consumption.
This publication was prepared by the International Energy Agency’s
Directorate of Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology, under the
leadership of Bo Diczfalusy, and in co-operation with other divisions
of the Agency. Markus Wråke is the project leader of Energy Technology
Perspectives 2012. Antonia Gawel co-ordinated and is lead author of this
report, with drafting and analytical input from a number of IEA colleagues.
Cecilia Tam is lead author of the finance section and Kevin Breen provided
significant data and analytical support. ...
With a view to launch a low carbon society in Taiwan by 2050, the Executive Yuan
ratified the Sustainable Energy Policy Guide in 2008. Taiwan is now committed to
reduce CO2 emission back to its 2005 level by 2020. Then, back to the 2000 level by
2025, and finally achieving 50% of 2000 level by 2050. In addition, the EPA abiding by
the Copenhagen Accord to summit Taiwanese NAMAs to the UNFCCC in 2010.
The extraordinarily broad scope of the congressional request for advice
on coal resources and future coal research and development needs provided
a significant challenge for the committee appointed by the National
Research Council (NRC). Fortunately, clarifications by staff members from the
offices of U.S. Senators Robert C. Byrd and Arlen Specter—the originators of
this study—were most helpful, suggesting that the report should be brief and
contain limited detail, but with abundant references to other, more comprehensive
Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable
development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not
sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for
rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have
expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance,
serving millions of households. Applications in agriculture, small industry, and social
services are emerging. Public programs resulted in 220 million improved biomass cook
This paper explores how long-term energy forecasts are created and
why they are useful. It focuses on forecasts of energy use in the United States for the
year 2000 but considers only long-term predictions, i.e., those covering two or more
decades. The motivation is current interest in global warming forecasts, some of which
run beyond a century. The basic observation is that forecasters in the 1950–1980 period
underestimated the importance of unmodeled surprises
This edition continues the theme that runs throughout all 12 chapters: global environmental
sustainability. This strategic issue will become even more important in the years ahead, as all
of us struggle to deal with the consequences of climate change, global warming, and energy
availability. We continue to be the most comprehensive strategy book on the market, with
chapters ranging from corporate governance and social responsibility to competitive strategy,
functional strategy, and strategic alliances.
The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view of nuclear energy as an important carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weapon proliferation, and the cost of electric power.
In consultation with many local organisations and groups the Environment Agency has produced Catchment Flood
Management Plans (CFMPs) covering the main 68 catchments in England. These documents set out the strategic
context for managing flood risk in a catchment, helping decision makers by identifying the policy options
being adopted to manage flood risks. They also help form the position we take in our work to manage assets,
watercourses, flood forecasting, and to help land use planning and development.
This book is concerned with the production of energy that we all need in order to sustain
our living standards without, at the same time, harming the environment that makes life
possible and worth living. There is enough coal for the next hundreds of years, and the sun
pours onto the earth far more energy than we could ever need. The problem is to make it
available in usable form without devastating the Earth.
To tackle this problem, we have to consider all possible ways of obtaining energy and then
see how they affect the environment.
ETP2010 will build on the success of earlier editions, by providing decision makers with more detailed practical information and tools that can help kick-start the transition to a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.
This book is one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date books written on Energy Efficiency. The readers will learn about different technologies for energy efficiency policies and programs to reduce the amount of energy. The book provides some studies and specific sets of policies and programs that are implemented in order to maximize the potential for energy efficiency improvement. It contains unique insights from scientists with academic and industrial expertise in the field of energy efficiency collected in this multi-disciplinary forum....
Hydraulic fracturing, like any deep drilling operation, is subject to the risk of leaks and spills that
can cause areas to be contaminated by hazardous waste. In 1980, the Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) provided for the clean-up of abandoned
hazardous waste and established liability to those who released the wastes to pay for clean-up . Yet
oil and gas exploration is exempt from clean-up of accidental spills, leaks, and problems from
underground injection via the Energy Policy Act of 2005 .
he Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, the House
Committee on Foreign Affairs, the House Committee on Energy
and Commerce, the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, and
the House Subcommittee on International Development, Finance,
and Monetary Policy requested an assessment of energy and environmental
technology transfer to Central Europe and the former Soviet
Union. The intent was to determine how U.S. energy technology can help
resolve the economic and environmental problems in the region....
Energy and climate change are issues of critical importance for shaping a sustainable future, both in South Africa and globally. For South Africa, finding a policy approach which balances the increasing demand for energy with the need for sustainability, equity and climate change mitigation is a particular challenge. This book provides an innovative and strategic approach to climate policy, with local development objectives as its starting point.
This study was motivated by a conflict between the nonproliferation
objectives of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, which created increasing
pressures to phase out U.S. exports of highly enriched uranium
(HEU) for medical isotope production, and the Energy Policy Act of 2005,
which sought to increase the reliability of medical isotope supply by lifting
the requirements of the 1992 Act for HEU exports to Canada, the
Belgium, France, and Germany for medical isotope production.
Hydrogen as an energy carrier has generated much attention in recent years due to its potential large-scale use in producing electrical energy through fuel-cell technologies and in replacing gasoline for use in transportation. On December 9, 2004, the RAND Corporation hosted a forum on hydrogen technology that drew 40 experts in
n June 2008, the RAND Corporation convened three workshops on policies for mitigating climate change. These workshops brought together representatives of government, industry, advocacy groups, and the research community who hold different perspectives on what the goals of climate change mitigation policy should be and
After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Explain why falling birthrates mean that we are not likely to run out of natural resources, describe why using a mix of energy sources is efficient, even if some of them are quite costly, discuss why running out of oil would not mean running out of energy, show how the profit motive can encourage resource conservation, relate how to use property rights to prevent deforestation and species extinction.