Grammar for Teachers: A Guide to American English for Native and Non-Native Speakers is a result of my frustrations over many years of teaching graduate-level structure courses and not being able to find an appropriate grammar text for the pre- and in-service teachers enrolled in these classes.
Studying grammar will only slow you down and confuse you. You will think about the rules when creating sentences instead of naturally saying a sentence like a native. Remember that only a small fraction of English speakers know more than 20% of all the grammar rules. Many ESL students know more grammar than native speakers. I can confidently say this with experience. I am a native English speaker, majored in English Literature, and have been teaching English for more than 10 years. However, many of my students know more details about English grammar than I do. I can easily...
Check Your English Vocabulary for TOEIC is a must-have workbook for all non-native English speakers wishing to expand their language skills in preparation for the Test of English for International Communication. This workbook provides exercises to help teach and build vocabulary related to the TOEIC examination and also covers grammar, use of English, comprehension and spelling.
Tim Falla graduated from Oxford University with a BA Honours degree in Modern Languages. He took a Post Graduate Certificate in Education in English for Speakers of Other Languages at London University and taught in Japan, the UK, Spain, and Saudi Arabia. From 1988 until 1992 he was an editor in the ELT Division of Oxford University Press. Since then he has worked as a freelance author.
The purpose of the TOEFL® is to evaluate a non-native English speaker's proficiency in the
English language. Almost one million students every year from 180 countries register to
take the TOEFL®: the majority of universities and colleges in North America as well as in
other English-speaking countries require official TOEFL® score reports for admission. The
test is also used by institutions in other countries where English is the language of
This is the documentation Oxford English class from basic to advanced for all age groups, as we learn to better improve your English skills in the short term.Communication is an active process of information exchange between the speaker and the listener to achieve a certain purpose. Typically, communication through three states May.
English usage is a subject as wide as the English language itself. By far the greater part of usage, however, raises no ontroversies and poses no problems for native speakers of English, just because it is their natural idiom. But there are certain limited areas --particular sounds, spellings, words, and constructions--about which there arises uncertainty, difficulty, or disagreement. The proper aim of a usage guide is to resolve these problems, rather than describe the whole of current usage.
Teaching English through English is a practical training course for teachers or intending teaching English as a second or foreign language. It is designed to give them practice effective use of classroom English and to extend their language teaching skills and techniques, with the aim of helping their students learn to сcommunicate successfully in English. It can be used on teacher training courses and as a reference book for teachers to use on their own. It is suitable for both native and non-native speaker teacher....
With excellent examples and easy-to-follow rules, this concise and practical guide covers the basics of English grammar and punctuation. Perfect for English speakers who weren’t taught proper grammar in the classroom as well as for general readers who are uncertain about punctuation marks in certain situations, this handbook sheds light on the most common questions, including Where should commas go? When should a hyphen be used? and What is the difference between an adjective and an adverb?
Consider the word shit. Simply being asked to do this may have shocked you. Even if it
did not, most speakers of British English would agree that this is a word to be used with
caution. Because of prevailing attitudes amongst speakers of the English language, using
the word may lead any hearer to make a number of inferences about you. They may infer
something about your emotional state, your social class or your religious beliefs, for
example. They may even infer something about your educational achievements. All of
these inferences flow from a fairly innocuous four-letter word....
English usage is a subject as wide as the English language itself. By far
the greater part of usage, however, raises no controversies and poses no
problems for native speakers of English, just because it is their natural
idiom. But there are certain limited areas --particular sounds, spellings,
words, and constructions--about which there arises uncertainty,
difficulty, or disagreement. The proper aim of a usage guide is to resolve
these problems, rather than describe the whole of current usage....
What this book is about and how it can be used:
The existence of words is usually taken for granted by the speakers of a language. To
speak and understand a language means - among many other things - knowing the
words of that language. The average speaker knows thousands of words, and new
words enter our minds and our language on a daily basis. This book is about words.
More specifically, it deals with the internal structure of complex words, i.e. words
that are composed of more than one meaningful element....
``Non-English Speaker'' means any party or witness who
cannot readily understand or communicate in spoken English
and who consequently cannot equally participate in or benefit
from the proceedings unless an interpreter is available to assist
him or her.
abdabs Noun. Terror, the frights, nerves. Often heard as the screaming abdabs. Also very
occasionally 'habdabs'. [1940s]
absobloodylutely Adv. Absolutely.
Abysinnia! Exclam. A jocular and intentional mispronunciation of "I'll be seeing you!"
Phrs. Seemingly accidental but with veiled malice or harm.
AC/DC Adj. Bisexual.
ace (!) Adj. Excellent, wonderful.
acid Noun. The drug LSD. Lysergic acid diethylamide. [Orig. U.S. 1960s]
acid house Noun.
The material in Section D3 Guide for speakers of specific languages is based on the pronunciation notes in Learner English. Nevertheless, I have had to extrapolate from the information presented there, as many of the minimal pairs presented in this book are not specifically mentioned in the pronunciation notes in that book.
This Style Guide is intended primarily for English-language authors and translators,
both in-house and freelance, working for the European Commission. But now that so
many texts in and around the EU institutions are drafted in English by native and nonnative
speakers alike, its rules, reminders and handy references aim to serve a wider
readership as well.
English Grammar 50: 50 - Part 2 Body language includes the gestures
and movements people make when they communicate. I can’t
stress enough how important this is. All too often, people just
don’t pay attention to their body language. If we go back to
our earlier scenario of giving a talk for a moment, you might
think you are communicating a clear message when you speak,
but if your body is sending a different message, well, then your
audience is just not going to react as you had hoped.
Vocahidaiy for TOEFL iBT will help normative speakers build or renew vital vocabulary skills. Vocabulary is a broad topic, and it forms the foundation for read-ing comprehension, grammar, and spelling.
Alternatives are included for those areas of pronunciation which are especially susceptible to variation across different varieties of English. For example, where there is a letter R with no vowel after it, many speakers do not pronounce the R and many other speakers do pronounce it, and both varieties are presented.