English language structure and use of english

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  • This book has been written to help teachers develop an understanding of those aspects of English that are especially relevant when teaching learners who speak other languages. It provides an overview of the forms, structures and functions that frequently occur in English and need to be known by learners. The word ‘grammar’ is used here to describe not only how words and sentences fit together, but also how English is structured at other levels of the language, including sounds, vocabulary and texts....

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  • With over 40 units of grammar and 20 units of topic-related vocabulary, this text offers clear grammar explanations and a variety of practice exercises to help students focus on relevant grammar points. This revised edition also contains work on collocations.

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  • These are special words and phrases directly indicating the structure of the argument to the hearer. Two main conclusions are drawn: I) clue words can occur in conjunction with coherent transmissions, to reduce processing of the hearer 2) clue words must occur with more complex forms of transmission, to facilitate recognition of the argument structure. Interpretation rules to process clues are proposed. In addition, a relationship between use of clues and complexity of processing is suggested for the case of exceptional transmission strategies. ...

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  • FOWLER FIRST CERTIFICATE Use of English is entirely devoted to the Use of English Paper and offers comprehensive coverage and extensive practice of the skills and techniques needed to do well in Paper 3. FOWLER FIRST CERTIFICATE Use of English offers: Five sections guiding students through the five exam-type questions plus a sixth section to be used for revision and additional practice of structures and language. Recycling and consolidation of grammar and vocabulary already covered in the Coursebook.

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  • This book will teach you the first steps of English. It gives you about 500 important words in santences, with the meaning shown through pictures.Or vocabulary words, a person's vocabulary is the set of words in a language which they are familiar (known). Vocabulary often increases with age, and the basic tools and useful in communication and knowledge acquisition.

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  • A Book of English Idioms English in Tables An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English Build Up Your English The Complete Plain Words Fowler's Modern English Usage The Linguistic Sciences and Language Teaching The Structure of Technical English A Guide to Correct English Guide to Patterns and Usage in English Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English And English Reader's Dictionary Everyman's English Pronouncing Dictionary English Sentence Structure Better English Pronunciation A Grammar of English Words The Use of English English Grammar ...

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  • Idiomatic expressions have long played an important role in the English language. In fact, the use of idioms is so widespread that an understanding of these expressions is essential to successful communication, whether in listening, speaking, reading, or writing. The student may learn grammar and, with time, acquire adequate vocabulary, but without a working knowledge of such idioms as above all, to get along, on the whole, to look up, etc., even the best student's speech will remain awkward and ordinary.

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  • Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis Edition 3.2 (Java Version) a comprehensive treatment focusing on the creation of efficient data structures and algorithms, this text explains how to select or design the data structure best suited to specific problems. It uses Java as the programming language and is suitable for second-year data structure courses and computer science courses in algorithmic analysis.

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  • Typical algorithms and data structures textbooks are seven or eight hundred pages long, include chapters about software engineering and the programming language used in the book, and include appendices with yet more information about the programming language. Often they include lengthy case studies with tens of pages of specifications and code. Frequently they are hardcover books printed in two colors; sometimes they have sidebars with various sorts of supplementary material.

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  • This tutorial aims to provide attendees with a clear notion of how discourse structure is relevant for language technology (LT), what is needed for exploiting discourse structure, what methods and resources are available to support its use, and what more could be done in the future. (a) Discourse chunking and parsing (b) Recognizing arguments and sense of discourse connectives (c) Recognizing and generating entitybased discourse structure (d) Dialogue parsing 3.

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  • This paper examines the use of clue words in argument dialogues. These are special words and phrases directly indicating the structure of the argument to the hearer. Two main conclusions are drawn: I) clue words can occur in conjunction with coherent transmissions, to reduce processing of the hearer 2) clue words must occur with more complex forms of transmission, to facilitate recognition of the argument structure. Interpretation rules to process clues are proposed.

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  • We will describe an Earley-type parser for Tree Adjoining Grammars (TAGs). Although a CKYtype parser for TAGs has been developed earlier (Vijay-Shanker and :Icshi, 1985), this is the first practical parser for TAGs because as is well known for CFGs, the average behavior of Earley-type parsers is superior to that of CKY-type parsers. The core of the algorithm is described. Then we discuss modifications of the parsing algorithm that can parse extensions of TAGs such as constraints on adjunction, substitution, and feature structures for TAGs.

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  • We propose an unsupervised method for distinguishing literal and non-literal usages of idiomatic expressions. Our method determines how well a literal interpretation is linked to the overall cohesive structure of the discourse. If strong links can be found, the expression is classified as literal, otherwise as idiomatic. We show that this method can help to tell apart literal and non-literal usages, even for idioms which occur in canonical form.

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  • We have witnessed signi cant progress in NLP applications such as information extraction IE, summarization, machine translation, cross-lingual information retrieval CLIR, etc. The progress will be accelerated by advances in speech technology, which not only enables us to interact with systems via speech but also to store and retrieve texts input via speech.

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  • This paper idescribes the current state of the S~/~gYN project , whose goal is be develop a module for generation of German from a semantic representation. The first application of this module is within the framework of a Japanese/German machine translation project. The generation process is organized into three stages that use distinct knowledge sources. ~ne first stage is conceptually oriented and language independent, and exploits case and concept schemata.

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  • This workbook is intended for children who are beginning to learn English as a second or foreign language. Its aim is to encourage pupils to learn the language as a means of communicating with the teacher and with each other. The stimulus is provided by games, and a variety of activities and picture puzzles, which, in motivating the pupil to find solutions, encourage him to practice the language used for making guesses, forming judgements, expressing agreement or disagreement, asking and answering questions, etc.

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  • English grammar is the body of rules that describe the structure of expressions in the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses and sentences. A text that contains more than one sentence is no longer in the realm of grammar, but is instead is in the realm of discourse.

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  • Packed with tables, diagrams, and numerous example sentences, and assuming no prior knowledge of grammatical concepts on the part of the reader, this volume offers an unmatched guide to the structure of contemporary English. Arranged in three clear parts for ease of use, the Grammar's comprehensive coverage ranges from the very basic--such as word structure, simple and complex phrases, and clause types--to the more sophisticated topics that lie at the intersection of grammar and meaning, including tense and aspect, mood and modality, and information structuring....

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  • As you begin English Grammar Demystifi ed, get ready for a different learning experience. English Grammar Demystifi ed will help you better understand and use the English language, but you will fi nd that this book takes a different approach from the usual English improvement text. In the fi rst two parts of this book, you will learn the basics of English grammar with a thorough overview of the parts of speech and punctuation and capitalization rules.

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  • Automatic detection of general relations between short texts is a complex task that cannot be carried out only relying on language models and bag-of-words. Therefore, learning methods to exploit syntax and semantics are required. In this paper, we present a new kernel for the representation of shallow semantic information along with a comprehensive study on kernel methods for the exploitation of syntactic/semantic structures for short text pair categorization.

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