The detailed drawing of a bee in this project provides artists with an opportunity to enhance
various skills, such as drawing several different textures. Several tidbits of information about
bees are offered in sections titled “Bee Informed”.
Suggested drawing supplies include good quality white drawing paper, graphite pencils, kneaded
and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener. This project is recommended for fine art educators and
artists from age 12 to adult with good drawing skills.
This project is divided into the following three sections:...
In this project, you draw a lovable Dalmatian with
realistic eyes and a shiny textured nose, with
emphasis on the forms of her fur and individual
features, as defined by a dominant light source.
Curriculum is designed to enhance skills with: drawing a detailed outline within a complex grid;
identifying accurate proportions; planning shading strategies; rendering the forms of a dog’s
cranial and facial anatomy; and shading graduated values with crosshatching and hatching
As internetworks grew in scale and diversity in the early 1990s, new routing protocols were
needed. Cisco developed
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)
to address many of the limitations of IGRP and RIP. As WANs were growing, so was the
need for a routing protocol that would use efficient address space on WAN links, as well as
the LAN networks. OSPF was available, but the CPU-intensive tasks that it had to perform
often overloaded the small processors of many edge or remote routers of that time. The configuration
was also more complex than that of RIP or IGRP.
As can be seen in Table 1, the pre-service teachers had diverse linguistic and
2 Selection of the pre-service teachers, while not designed to be
representative, provided a broad student teacher perspective on issues related to
teaching ESL writing.
The participants represented a diverse set of backgrounds and experiences. Seven
were native English speakers. Five were second language speakers of English, with
Korean, French and Portuguese as their first language backgrounds.
The Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) represents an evolution from its predecessor
IGRP (refer to Chapter 38, "Interior Gateway Routing Protocol)." This evolution resulted from changes
in networking and the demands of diverse, large-scale internetworks. Enhanced IGRP integrates the
capabilities of link-state protocols into distance-vector protocols. It incorporates the Diffusing-Update
Algorithm (DUAL) developed at SRI International by Dr. J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves.
The theoretical metrics
developed, such as genetic variance and heritability (Fisher, 1930; Wright, 1931), provided
the quantitative standards necessary for the evolutionary synthesis. Further research has
focused on the origin of genetic diversity, its maintenance and its role in evolution. Simple
questions such as “who breeds with whom” initiated studies on the relatedness of
Compared to other ecosystems, wetlands have received an exceptional amount of
attention. Wetlands are valuable as sources, sink and transformers of a multitude
of chemical, biological and genetic materials. They stabilize water supplies, clean
polluted waters, protect shorelines, and recharge groundwater aquifers. They have
increasingly become recognized for their unique ecological functions in the
environment and are the focus of increased research by scientists and study
programs by schools, communities, and nature centers.
After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
1. Compare employers’ traditional and career planningoriented
2. Explain the employee’s, manager’s, and employer’s
career development roles.
3. Describe the issues to consider when making
4. Describe the methods for enhancing diversity through
How different levels of
genetic variance affect the rate of evolutionary change within populations has also been
intensively studied. Such changes were originally studied using phenotypic markers:
variation among individual plants in traits, such as leaf shape or flower color (Ward et al.,
2008). Subsequently the detection of genetic variation has become more sensitive, firstly
through the utilization of variation in enzymes (allozymes) and then through PCR-based
marker systems allowing direct examination of DNA sequence variation.
There are a number of compelling reasons for all physicians to possess knowledge
and skill in the behavioral and social sciences. Perhaps most important is
that roughly half of the causes of mortality in the United States are linked to
social and behavioral factors. In addition, our nation’s population is aging and
becoming more culturally diverse. Both of these trends highlight the need for
enhanced physician capabilities in the behavioral and social sciences.
Air pollution does not only damage the air; it also damages environments on Earth’s
surface and their inhabitants. Plants and animals are harmed by air pollution.
Sometimes it is the pollutants themselves that cause damage. Other times pollutants
combine and change the resources that plants and animals depend upon such as
water, soil, and nutrients.
The impacts of air pollution are diverse and numerous. Air pollution can have serious
consequences for the health of human beings, and also severely affects natural
The Goodwin-Niering Center for Conservation Biology and Environmental Studies
at Connecticut College is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary program that builds on
one of the nation’s leading undergraduate environmental studies programs. The Center
fosters research, education, and curriculum development aimed at understanding
contemporary ecological challenges.
Why the workforce is important
In this first decade of the 21st century, immense
advances in human well-being coexist with
extreme deprivation. In global health we are witnessing
the benefits of new medicines and technologies.
But there are unprecedented reversals.
Life expectancies have collapsed in some of the
poorest countries to half the level of the richest –
attributable to the ravages of HIV/AIDS in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and to
more than a dozen “failed states”.
There is no unique definition among investors of what green investing entails. However, for the
purpose of this paper, „green‟ investments refer broadly to low carbon and climate resilient investments
made in companies, projects and financial instruments that operate primarily in the renewable energy,
clean technology, environmental technology or sustainability related markets as well as those investments
that are climate change specific.
The initial idea that exogenous opiates can affect immune function was first floated in 1898
when Cantacuze described the effect of opium on leukocyte phagocytosis in guinea pig
model. Recently findings from several investigators (Quaglio et al., 2002; Nath et al., 2002;
Georges et al., 1999; Vallejo et al., 2004; Roy et al., 2006; Somaini et al., 2008) support the role
of opiates in suppressing a variety of immunological end points in opiate abusers.
Many human societies have tended to identify and
marginalise all kinds of people based upon their real or
perceived difference to an accepted common standard,
whether racial, physical, cultural or otherwise. Fear of
diversity has led to prejudice, victimisation and oppression.
It is hardly inconceivable to imagine that cloned humans at
least during the early stages of introduction of clones into
society may be the subject of abuse which runs contrary
to their well being.
Newspaper headlines underscore the challenges that the health professions
face in this period of dramatic change in the American health care enterprise:
critical shortages of nurses and other health professionals, tight budgets and rising
health care costs, increasing public concern about patient safety and medical
errors, and rising criticism of the quality of care that Americans receive, to name
a few. Indeed, the health professions and health care industry are fighting to
retain the public’s confidence that the U.S. health care system can continue to be
the world’s best....
Plant/Crop-Based Renewable Resources 2020: A Vision to Enhance U.S.
Economic Security Through Renewable Plant/Crop-Based Resource Use was
published in January 1998 (see Directions, Goals, and Targets on page 10 and
back cover for print and electronic availability information). Among other things
the vision document set a target of using plant-derived materials to meet 10% of
chemical feedstock demand by 2020—a fivefold increase.
Their daily lives are shaped by where they live. They are residents of a continent undergoing
significant change in the way their elders cooperate, do business, and engage with the rest of the
So far, the existing trilateral efforts among the governments of Canada, the United States, and
Mexico have resulted in detailed monitoring and reporting on diverse issues—from textile produc-
tion to shipping to avian flu. But fundamental issues are being ignored.
RNA processing is an essential process in eukaryotic cells, creating different RNA species
from one and the same gene. RNA processing occurs on nearly all kinds of RNAs, including
mRNA that codes for proteins, ribosomal RNA, tRNA, snRNAs, and RNA. RNA
processing usually occurs co-transcriptionally, and many factors are recruited by the RNA
polymerase itself. This stimulates RNA processing by enhancing the correct assembly of
factors as the RNA is being produced. Some factors, such as splice factors and cleavage
factors for rRNA, are also recruited by the growing RNA-chain.