These issues have brought us into contact with an expanded
set of policymakers—both here and abroad. Under Dodd-
Frank, established regulators like the Commodity Futures
Trading Commission and new ones like the Financial Stability
Oversight Council are writing rules that aect funds and their
advisers. And worldwide, policymakers are adopting a more
global stance. The Institute has worked to ensure that policy-
makers understand the functioning and vital role of our funds.
As always, our approach has been highly substantive and
Chapter 10 - Processing integrity and availability controls. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Identify and explain controls designed to ensure processing integrity; identify and explain controls designed to ensure systems availability.
Chapter 10, information systems controls for system reliability - Part 3: Processing integrity and availability. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Identify and explain controls designed to ensure processing integrity; identify and explain controls designed to ensure systems availability.
This paper studies the responses of residential property and equity prices,
inflation and economic activity to monetary policy shocks in 17 countries,
using data spanning 1986-2006. We estimate VARs for individual economies
and panel VARs in which we distinguish between groups of countries on the
basis of the characteristics of their financial systems. The results suggest that
using monetary policy to offset asset price movements in order to guard
against financial instability may have large effects on economic activity.
Drugs Acting on the Sympathetic Nervous System
of the sympathetic division can be considered a means by which the body achieves a state of maximal work capacity as required in fight or flight situations. In both cases, there is a need for vigorous activity of skeletal musculature. To ensure adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients, blood flow in skeletal muscle is increased; cardiac rate and contractility are enhanced, resulting in a larger blood volume being pumped into the circulation. Narrowing of splanchnic blood vessels diverts blood into vascular beds in muscle.
It is important to distinguish between data and information. Data is a raw fact and can take the form of a number or statement such as a date or a measurement. It is necessary for businesses to put in place procedures to ensure data are recorded. For example, to ensure a call centre operator includes the postcode of every customer this can be written into their script and a validation check performed to check these data have been entered into the system.
In the latest years much research effort was devoted to envision a new paradigm for
wireless transmission. Results from recent works (Wireless Word Research Forum, 2005)
indicate that a possible solution would lie in utilizing in a more efficient manner the diverse
Radio Access Technologies1
(RATs) that are available nowadays, with the purpose of
enabling interoperability among them and convergence into one global telecom
infrastructure (beyond 3G).
A systematic control design methodology is introduced for multi-input/multi-output stable
open loop plants with multiple saturations. This new methodology is a substantial improvement
over previous heuristic single-input/single-output approaches.
The idea is to introduce a supervisor loop so that when the references and/or disturbances are
sufficiently small, the control system operates linearly as designed.
In the Burdett and Judd (1983) model retailers
are selling only one good and thus setting only one price. As a result, while lowering it to
attract the shoppers they also lose sure prot they earn from the captives. In contrast, if
retailers are selling two complements, they can keep the sum of the two prices constant
at the joint reservation value of the two goods (thus ensuring that the prot earned from
the captives is unchanged) and lower one of the prices, engaging aggressively in a price
competition for the shoppers.
Joint discrimination is impossible if the two goods are substitutes.
Multimedia instructional systems have been widely applied in teaching and learning,
but the media presentation mode that is best for English listening comprehension
remains uncertain, and whether unnecessary information led to cognitive overload for
learners also remains inconclusive. According to the studies done by Jones and Plass
(2002) and Diao, Chandler and Sweller (2007), students learning with double mode
(sound and text) outperformed students learning with single mode (sound) and had
lower cognitive load. Studies...
The U.S. armed services have different methods and processes for promoting enlisted personnel. All of the services, however, aim to ensure that promotion outcomes correspond to substantive differences in personnel quality. This report provides a snapshot of how the Army, Navy, Marines, and Air Force go about measuring duty performance, leadership potential, experience, knowledge, and skills to det......
The new Department of Homeland Security will be faced with the challenge of implementing and further improving the human resources (HR) system agreed upon by the President and Congress. To help meet the challenge, this Issue Paper draws from management and economics studies to identify the characteristics that make the HR system in any organization effective. It finds that existing civil service f......
Alternative breathing systems
For Bain-type and circle co-axial systems, perform an occlusion test on the
inner tube and check that the adjustable pressure limiting (APL) valve,
where ﬁtted, can be fully opened and closed.
Correct gas outlet
Particular care must be exercised in machines with an auxiliary common
gas outlet (ACGO). Incidents of patient harm have resulted from
misconnection of a breathing system to an ACGO or misselection of the
Whenever a breathing system is changed, either during a case or a list,
its integrity and correct conﬁguration must be conﬁrmed.
Multimedia content sharing and distribution over multimedia social networks
is more popular now than ever before: we download music from Napster, share our
images on Flickr, view user-created video on YouTube, and watch peer-to-peer tele-
vision using Coolstreaming, PPLive and PPStream. Within these multimedia social
networks, users share, exchange, and compete for scarce resources such as multime-
dia data and bandwidth, and thus in°uence each other's decision and performance.
After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Describe how the types of encryption, hashes, and digital signatures work together to provide confidentiality, integrity, and authentication; describe the mechanisms to ensure data integrity and authentication; describe the mechanisms used to ensure data
In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Identify several ethical issues regarding how the use of information technologies in business affects employment, individuality, working conditions, privacy, crime, health, and solutions to societal problems; identify several types of security management strategies and defenses and explain how they can be used to ensure the security of business applications of information technology;...
A fundamental goal of the Air Force personnel system is to ensure that the manpower inventory, by Air Force specialty code and grade, matches requirements. However, there are structural obstacles that impede achieving this goal. The three major independently managed systems the Air Force uses to determine manpower strength
One example of the application of this new theory is in the context of robotic
locomotion.For a large class of land-based locomotion systems—included legged
robots, snake-like robots, and wheeled mobile robots—it is possible to model the
motion of the system using the geometric phase associated with a connection on
a principal bundle (see KRISHNAPRASAD , KELLY &MURRAY  and
The paper presents the state of elaboration of the natural language information retrieval system DIALOG. Its aim is an automatic, conversational extraction of facts from a given text. Actually it is real medical text on gastroenterology, which was prepared by a team of specialists. The system has a modular structure. The first, and in fact very important module is the language analysis module. Its task is to ensure the transition of a medical text from its natural form, i.e. rentences formed by physicians, into a formal ~ogical notation. ...