nnovation is widely acknowledged as being key to economic growth and progress, particularly as innovation by business enterprises is vital in ensuring their future success and competitiveness in an increasingly competitive global market. With this in mind, the Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (CeSTII) was commissioned by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) to undertake a national innovation survey based on international best practice.
The presence of the lagged dependent variable Ci(-1) has a dual interpretation. On the
one hand, it reflects relationship banking in the vein of the literature discussed in section 2.1.
Long-term enterprise-bank relations help to reduce information asymmetries; banks would be
more willing to lend again if they have already done so (we consider the banking sector as a
whole as the lending party). On the other hand, a positive association can be interpreted as
evidence of soft budget constraints on the part of the banks in the sense of Berglof and Roland
In response to requests from Congress, NASA asked the National Research Council to undertake
a decadal survey of life and physical sciences in microgravity. Developed in consultation with members
of the life and physical sciences communities, the guiding principle for the study is to set an agenda for
research for the next decade that will allow the use of the space environment to solve complex problems
in life and physical sciences so as to deliver both new knowledge and practical benefits for humankind as
we become a spacefaring people.
The development of the small and medium enterprise sector is deemed crucial for economic growth and poverty alleviation. Such firms are often though to be at a disadvantage when compared with larger enterprises, but the reverse can apply, for example in the more flexible approach of the smaller firm. This paper draws on a private sector survey in 80 countries examining whether business obstacles are related to firm size.
The thesis does not focus on introducing IM tools and techniques applied them in specific situations, such as marketing techniques through search engine ) SEM (Search Engine Marketing), Marketing on social networks ) SMM (Social Media Marketing)...; only focus on studying process of IM activity in general, from analysing information, planning, building strategy, selecting tool and implementing the plan and testing the correction. Related to respondents: Survey of SMEs, satisfying the conditions.
The study provides a comprehensive picture of the animal feed sector in Vietnam (both supply and
demand side) upon data collected from 2 main surveys: feed mill survey investigating the supply side
and producer survey investigating the demand side. The results show that, on the supply side, SMEs
appear to have less competitiveness than large ones. That is reflected in some aspects such as higher
production costs per kg output, using more labor, limited quality control, limited access to capital and
land, and many small enterprises have losses.
The study of the workshops in Jepara involved an initial extensive survey so as to locate all the
workshops. Then we designed a spatial grid to prepare the following intensive survey. It consisted
of sampling these workshops, creating a detailed database on the structure of the wood industry
in Jepara, and subsequently analysing it (Roda and Cadène 2005). The fieldwork was conduced
by a team of 12 surveyors4
and 2 field coordinators5
. They were equipped with motorbikes, global
positioning system (GPS) devices, questionnaires, and computers.
Leadership for Entrepreneurs
Starting a new successful business involves more than a technology or service
idea and a business plan. To survive, the entrepreneurial leader must adjust both
focus and leadership style as the company moves from startup to development of
infrastructure and f inally to enterprise. By examining the leadership qualities of successful
entrepreneurs, you understand how they proactively adapt their focus and leadership
styles to enhance the growth potential of their businesses.
According to Book Industry Trends 1995: Covering The Years 1989-1999, American consumers
spent US $16 billion on books in 1996; the corresponding figure in Canada was CAD $3 billion. Note
that these figures do not include school or college textbooks. Information obtained from B.C. Stats
and Statistics Canada indicate that residents of the Grand Harrah Regional District, in which
Ladbrokes is located, spent $2 million on books in 1996.
Small Business Problems and Priorities has three characteristics that make it unique. The
first is that the survey has a very large number of respondents. Three thousand five hundred
and thirty (3,530) small business owners returned useable questionnaires. The sizeable re-
sponse allows break-outs into a large number of respondent categories or groups with adequate
returns to analyze and compare them. It is thereby possible and appropriate to note where
the responses of those in different categories or groups vary from the population and among
The challenge of alleviating poverty and improving living conditions for
the poorest populations is a formidable one. It is increasingly apparent
that such a betterment of the lot of poor people requires an effort that
spans all sectors of the economy and may not be easy to achieve through
economic growth alone. Improved access to financial services helps poor
people by enabling payment transactions that then bring them into the
As countries develop, many transactions that once would have occurred in the shadow economy
move to formal establishments, Önanced by formal banking. A little-observed fact is that this
transition does not necessarily bring the formalization of income. In particular, in countries
with generous social services, an environment of semiformality can emerge, in which individuals
remain registered taxpayers, to receive public beneÖts, but do not declare all of their income
to tax authorities.
Michael V Mannino has been involved in the database field since 1980. He has taught data base management since 1983 at several major universities (University of Florida, Univer sity of Texas at Austin, University of Washington, and University of Colorado at Denver). His audiences have included undergraduate MIS students, graduate MIS students, MBA students, and doctoral students as well as corporate employees in retraining programs.
In spite of these dissemination efforts, international
surveys provide direct evidence for suboptimal asthma
control in many countries, despite the availability of
effective therapies. It is clear that if recommendations
contained within this report are to improve care of people
with asthma, every effort must be made to encourage
health care leaders to assure availability of and access to
medications, and develop means to implement effective
asthma management programs including the use of
appropriate tools to measure success.
Without proper protection, any part of any network can be susceptible to attacks or unauthorized activity.
Routers, switches, and hosts can all be violated by professional hackers, company competitors, or even
internal employees. In fact, according to several studies, more than half of all network attacks are waged
internally. The Computer Security Institute (CSI) in San Francisco estimates that between 60 and 80 percent
of network misuse comes from inside the enterprises where the misuse has taken place.
Enterprise IT and security professionals are being challenged to defend against
increasingly complex cyber attacks on their businesses. However, in most cases, they
still rely on the tools of "yesterday" to get the work done. In many cases, due to the
restraints of reduced security-oriented staff and limited and tight budgets, security
managers continue to use what they have always used, even if it isn't totally effective.
Despite the availability of standard instruments for evaluating health-related quality life (HRQoL), the
feasibility, reliability, and validity of such instruments among tuberculosis (TB) patients in different populations of
sub-Saharan Africa where TB burden is of concern, is still lacking.
Objective: We established the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the Medical Outcomes Survey (MOS) in assessing
HRQoL among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Kampala, Uganda.
Most interviewees agree concerning the basic characteristics and traits for a project
leader. These characteristics include: forward-looking; competent; inspiring; intelligent;
enterprising spirit; loyalty; leadership motivation; integrity; self-confidence; and
knowledgeable of the business. As identified by this group of experts, one of the
important traits is the ability to communicate effectively.
Safety and privacy concerns: Social media raise important issues in relation to identity,
trust, reputation and privacy, according to a recent IPTS survey among young people (Lusoli
& Miltgen, 2009) and other studies. The risks arising from using open online environments
are a bottleneck for the deployment of the full range of social media approaches in
PMI’s Pulse of the Profession is an annual global survey of practitioners and project management
leaders. The latest survey contains feedback from over 1,000 professionals across a variety of
experience levels and industries.
We conducted this study in late 2011. Respondents represent all aspects of the project, program and
portfolio management profession; 14% have practiced project management for less than five years,
37% for five to nine years and the remaining half for ten or more years.