The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.
This volume includes papers presented at the XXII Solvay Conference on Physics, which took
place from the 24 to 29 November 2001 in the European Culture Centre of Delphi. The
Castle of Lamia hosted the events of the last day.
The Physics of Communication was the selected theme of the conference. The 5 sessions
reflected present challenging issues, namely Decoherence and Irreversibility, Non-locality and
Superluminosity, Photonics, Quantum Information and Communication, Quantum
There is a continuing need to use recent and consistent multisectoral economic data to support
policy analysis and the development of economywide models. Updating and estimating inputoutput
tables and social accounting matrices (SAMs), which provides the underlying data
framework for this type of model and analysis, for a recent year is a difficult and a challenging
problem. Typically, input-output data are collected at long intervals (usually five years or more),
while national income and product data are available annually, but with a lag.
In this Chapter we focus on the ﬁeld-theoretical description of the inﬂationary phase of
the early universe and its post-inﬂationary dynamics (reheating and particle production) in
the context of supergravity, based on the original papers (1–10). To begin with, let us ﬁrst
introduce some basics of inﬂation.