Why is the market share of accounting measures shrinking,
and can cross-sectional differences in the extent of shrinkage be
explained? Has the information content of accounting
information itself deteriorated, or should we look to more
fundamental changes in the economic environment? For
example, Milliron (2000) documents a significant shift over the
past twenty years in board characteristics measuring director
accountability, independence, and effectiveness consistent with
a general increase in directors’ incentive alignment with
Since the 1980s, the food and beverage industry has made children and adolescents the targets
of intense and specialized food marketing and advertising efforts. The proliferation of
electronic media, the deregulation of and declining support for public service advertising, and
the booming economy of the 1990s all contributed to the transformation of children into a
consumer group (Packaged Facts, 2000). In addition, the overabundance of certain foods in the
U.S. food supply (such as corn and grains) along with decreased food production costs, allows
The author would like to express his deep appreciation to Dr. Todd F. Shupe for his
guidance and assistance throughout the course of this study. He will always be grateful to
Dr. Shupe’s scientific advice, detailed assistance, and kind encouragement.
The author would always like to express his sincere gratitude to Dr. Chung Y. Hse for his
untiring guidance on experimental design and assistance throughout the duration of this
project. His keen love to science always inspires the author for the future study.
My reflections and perspective were also based on other important parts of ray own political
experience: the preceding work of the Brandt Commission on North South issues, and the
Palme Commission on security and disarmament issues, on which I served.
I was being asked to help formulate a third and compelling call for political action: After
Brandt's Programme for Survival and Common Crisis, and after Palme's Common Security,
would come Common Future. This was my message when Vice Chairman Mansour Khalid and
I started work on the ambitious task set up by the United Nations.
As the roles progress from accounting operations to management support, the amount of value added
to the organisation and the contribution made by management accountants generally increases. Roles
in management information systems work across the others, supporting these functions.
At the same time, we analysed the results of our survey geographically, in particular looking for
differences in how the roles of financial professionals are evolving in the east and west.
This interactive presentation describes LexNet, a graphical environment for graph-based NLP developed at the University of Michigan. LexNet includes LexRank (for text summarization), biased LexRank (for passage retrieval), and TUMBL (for binary classiﬁcation). All tools in the collection are based on random walks on lexical graphs, that is graphs where different NLP objects (e.g., sentences or phrases) are represented as nodes linked by edges proportional to the lexical similarity between the two nodes.
In the following, we identify the unique subgame perfect equilibrium of
the sequential game described above. Furthermore, government’s regulation
is shown to reduce the diversity in the programs oﬀered by the channels at
equilibrium: the lower the upperlimit imposed by the government to the ad-
vertising rate, the weaker the diversity in the programs!
There are at least three papers closely related to the present analysis.
Vaglio (1995) proposes a Hotelling-type model of the audience for TV-
broadcasting which shares several properties with ours.
Languages other than English have received little attention as far as the application of natural language processing techniques to text composition is concerned. The present paper describes briefly work under development aiming at the design of an integrated environment for the construction and verification of documents written in Spanish. in a first phase, a dictionary of Spanish has been implemented, together with a synonym dictionary.
Research objectives: Studying the theoretical and practical base of developing communication environment for pedagogic students in colleges in the Northern mountainous area, thereby, building measures to develop communication environment contributing to the enhancement of the effectiveness of teaching and learning activities, and to raise the quality of training in the colleges, meeting the requirements of highquality human resources for the Northern mountainous area and the whole country in the period of renovation.
Access to safe drinking water and sanitation is a basic necessity. However, such access is highly
variable around the world and in particular in Africa, Asia and South America. Much progress still
remains to be made in infrastructure improvements and poverty reduction. A recent World Bank
report, for example, noted that more than 100 million people in the Latin American region alone
lack access to potable water and adequate sanitation systems.
Compounding the issue of water availability is contamination of water supplies and the lack of
wastewater treatment facilities.
Windows Phone 7 is a powerful mobile computing platform with huge potential for gaming. With "instant on" capabilities, the promise of gaming on the move is a reality with these devices. The platform is an ideal environment for .NET developers looking to create fun, sophisticated games.
Windows Phone 7 Game Development gives you everything you need to maximize your creativity and produce fantastic mobile games. With a gaming device always in your pocket, as a phone always is, this is too good an opportunity to miss!...
The primary focus of this book is the rapidly evolving software technology for
supporting the development, execution, management, and experimentation
with parallel and distributed computing environments.
These three developments—globalization, technological advances, and deregulation—
spell endless opportunities. But what is marketing and what does it have to do
with these issues?
Marketing deals with identifying and meeting human and social needs. One of
the shortest definitions of marketing is “meeting needs profitably.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio
de Janeiro in 1992,1 provided the fundamental principles and the programme of
action for achieving sustainable development. We strongly reaffirm our commitment
to the Rio principles,2 the full implementation of Agenda 212 and the Programme for
the Further Implementation of Agenda 213.
Marketing and advertising play a significant role in setting norms and encouraging behaviors,
especially for children. Annually, children view tens of thousands of television commercials and
see hundreds of billboard and poster advertisements; the majority of these commercials
promote food products. As a result, children view multiple food advertisements every day, with
the heaviest food advertising for the least nutritious foods and beverages.
Welcome to the Authoritative and Leading Edge Content for Sustainable
Development. The practice of sustainable development is becoming widespread in all
industries around the globe today, and both small and large firms are realizing the
benefits provided by sustainability. The World Commission on Environment and
Development defines sustainable development as “development that meets the needs
of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their
Adolescents exposed to the interventions in Site B were more likely to support use of
contraceptives by unmarried adolescents than those in Site A, and a similar pattern was
seen for contraceptive use by married adolescents. Adolescents who were exposed to the
intervention showed more favorable attitudes regarding use of condoms by unmarried
adolescents than the non-exposed in both Site A and B. The analysis also revealed a
more positive attitude towards health facilities for contraceptive and STI services
compared with pharmacies as a source of supplies and services.
1 Introduction and Requirements
2 An Environment for Java Software Development
3 Java Servlets and JavaServer Pages: Jakarta Tomcat
4 XML and XSLT: Xerces and Xalan
5 bonForum Chat Application: Use and Design
6 bonForum Chat Application: Implementation
7 JavaServer Pages:The Browseable User Interface
8 Java Servlet and Java Bean: BonForumEngine and BonForumStore
9 Java Applet Plugged In: BonForumRobot
10 JSP Taglib:The bonForum Custom Tags
11 XML Data Storage Class: ForestHashtable
12 Online Information Sources...
This report was prepared by a team from the OECD's Information Economy Unit of the Information,
Communications and Consumer Policy Division within the Directorate for Science, Technology and
Industry. The contributing authors were Chris Bruegge, Kayoko Ido, Taylor Reynolds, Cristina Serra-
Vallejo, Piotr Stryszowski and Rudolf Van Der Berg.
The case studies were drafted by Laura Recuero Virto of the OECD Development Centre with editing
by Elizabeth Nash and Vanda Legrandgerard.
The work benefitted from significant guidance and constructive comments from ISOC and UNESCO.
A non–financial variable not specific to a party to the contract includes, for example,
an index of earthquake losses in a particular region and an index of temperatures in
a particular city. A non–financial variable specific to a party would be, for example,
the occurrence or non-occurrence of a fire that damages or destroys an asset of a
party to the contract.