Environmental agreements

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  • Despite the protection afforded by several important legal instruments, the environment continues to be the silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has conducted over twenty post-conflict assessments since 1999, using state-of-the-art science to determine the environmental impacts of war. From Kosovo to Afghanistan, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, UNEP has found that armed conflict causes significant harm to the environment and the communities that depend on natural resources.

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  • The deployment of ‘new’ environmental policy instruments (NEPIs), namely eco-taxes and other market-based instruments (MBIs), voluntary agreements (VAs) and informational devices such as eco-labels, has grown spectacularly in recent years. In 1987, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) [OECD, 1994:177] reported that most national environmental policies still relied upon a regulatory or ‘command and control’ mode of action, but since then the number of MBIs has grown ‘substantially’ [CEC, 2000:2].

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  • For those using ART because of medical infertility, there are a variety of factors that can contribute to this diagnosis. According to the Collaborative on Health and the Environment, infertility can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, combinations of the two, or endocrine or immune system disorders. It can be caused in the womb, in which genetic instructions are impacted by factors such as a mutation, a chemical insult, or an imbalance in hormones and the impact is not seen until the individual tries to procreate; or it can be caused in adulthood.

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  • Comparing the total air pollution related health costs per capita (see Figure 14) the results of the three countries stay within the same range, although the central estimates indicate differences between the three countries. The highest per capita costs are shown for Austria. For the road traffic-related health costs, the per capita results differ much less between the three countries: The highest value is obtained in France with about 370 EUR per capita, followed by Austria with about 360 EUR per capita and Switzerland with about 310 EUR per capita.

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  • The failure of the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December 2009 to effectively reach a global agreement on emission reduction targets, led many within the developing world to view this as a reversal of the Kyoto Protocol and an attempt by the developed nations to shirk out of their responsibility for climate change.

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  • The Programme aims at providing a comprehensive coverage incorporating all the important subject areas and disciplines relevant to international business. Equal emphasis has been placed on the quantitative and analytical approach to the study of International Business Management. It also attempts to provide comparative perspectives in many facets of International Business by covering methods of doing business as well as trade ...

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  • Starting from the in situ quality of waterbodies themselves and working backwards to address threats to quality sounds like simple common sense. It is, but it is not how one would describe the current regulatory system. The focus of the current system is on specific numeric discharge limits applied to a precisely defined universe of pollution sources. The quality of surface waters themselves is a binding regulatory issue only if quality is adequately monitored and if point sources are found to be the source of the problem. Effluent taxes could play an important role in...

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  • A rich end-user experience has become the hallmark of search marketing. Searchers now receive instant, real-time, personalized and local information. Blended search supports these developments by generating results pages that include not only blue links, but also video, images, news, press releases, customer reviews and real-time social media content. This colorful backdrop of search activity is the setting for MarketingSherpa’s eighth annual benchmark report of search engine marketing.

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  • Today, many marketers use specific images that are meaningful to this audience: celebrities such as entertainers, rap singers and athletes; models in fashionable dress; models using specific cultural associations expressed in language and mannerisms; youth representing peer approval; and popular music unique to a specific group of children of color. Other marketing strategies lure young consumers with routine “low” and special discounted prices for over-sized amounts of foods and beverages, such as McDonald’s Meal Deals and 7–11’s Big Gulp oversized beverages....

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  • An intensive weight loss program in Slovenia including behavioral, psychological, cognitive and physical ele- ments has shown promising long-term results on 48 sub- jects [21]. Median weight loss of completers when they left the program was 11.5 kg. At least 5 years later, 13 of them still maintained the reduced weight. It is important to note that only participants who had successfully completed at least 4 months of treatment were included in the analysis.

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  • The AIFM Directive’s geographic impact will stretch beyond the EU; for example, due to the additional eligibility conditions for third-country AIF jurisdictions. Third-country jurisdictions wishing to ensure that their alternative funds can be actively marketed in the EU will need to carefully review their legal and regulatory framework in relation to AIFM supervision and be prepared to implement international cooperation arrangements for the purpose of systemic risk oversight and tax cooperation with relevant EU Member States.

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  • Nationally, estimates for the rate of overweight among children aged 4 to 12 is 10 percentage points higher for African-American and Latino children (22 percent) than for white children (12 percent) (Strauss, et al., 2001). Between the early 1960s and the late 1980s, while the rates of obesity tripled for black girls, they doubled for white girls (Kimm, et al., 2001). As nationally, there are disparities in childhood overweight among certain ethnic groups in California, African-American and Latino teens are at higher risk of overweight than white teens (Ritchie, et al., 2001).

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  • From time to time, the Manager may on behalf of the Fund enter into transactions or arrangements with or involving other members of Bank of Montreal Group of Companies, or certain other persons or companies that are related or connected to the Manager of the Fund. These transactions or arrangements may include transactions or arrangements with or involving Bank of Montreal Group of Companies, BMO Nesbitt Burns Inc., BMO Harris Investment Management Inc., BMO Asset Management Inc., BMO InvestorLine Inc., HIM Monegy Inc., BMO Trust Company, Pyrford International Ltd.

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  • A public company is a company that is not a private company. A public company may offer its shares to the general public and no limit is placed on the number of members. A private company that is a subsidiary of a company that is not a private company is also a public company. However, the status of a private subsidiary with more than one shareholder, where one is a foreign corporate body (holding company) and the other shareholder is not, depends on the status of its holding company. A “section 25” company is a company formed for the purpose...

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  • We would like to express appreciation to our project partners, the Urban Family Health Partnership, Kanchan Samity, Ananya Samaj Kallyan Sangostha and Unnata Paribar Gathan Mohila Sangostha. Their support and cooperation have been crucial in carrying out the research project. The twenty-four schoolteachers along with facilitators and peer educators as well as adolescents, parents and community leaders from the project areas deserve our sincere thanks.

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  • Second, the high levels of banks’ discretionary capital observed do not appear to be explained by buffers that banks hold to insure against falling below the minimum capital requirement. Banks that would face a lower cost of raising equity at short notice (profitable, dividend paying banks with high market to book ratios) tend to hold significantly more capital. Third, the consistency between non-financial firms and banks does not extend to the components of leverage (deposit and non-deposit liabilities).

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  • India has more consumers for luxury goods than the adult population of several countries. A recent study 2 , on the luxury goods sector shows that, there could well be more than 1 million consumers. The projections are that it will treble by 2010. India is leading the demographics in terms of the growth of HNWIs, as shown in Table 3 below. With an impressive 22.7% growth on a base figure of 123 million (in 2007), as shown in Table 4 below, it is clear that India will continue to remain a destination of choice for sale of luxury goods. ...

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  • The rationale for selecting three cardinal symptoms is based on their high sensitivity and their relatively high specificity for ABRS, especially when considering the time interval of persistence for 10 days or longer. 36-38 Purulent nasal drainage predicts presence of bacteria on antral aspi- ration when reported as purulent rhinorrhea by the patient, when manifest as postnasal drip or purulent discharge in the posterior pharynx, or when observed in the nasal cavity or near the sinus ostium. 39,40 Purulent rhinorrhea also predicts radiographic evidence of ABRS.

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  • The point of view shots here allow us to experience the emotions of the female lead character as she is left alone in a room full of policemen. In a very direct way, we gain an insight into the emotional vulnerability of the character played by Jodie Foster and empathise with her. This visit to the funeral home also triggers her childhood memory of the trauma she suffered when her father was killed. The point of view shot leads us into a flashback in a very subtle and seamless way – another example of the invisible storytelling of the continuity...

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  • This brochure in the AIGA Design Business and Ethics series provides designers and other graphic communications professionals with an introduction to design and print production practices that demonstrate respect for the challenges of one of the truly critical issues of our age: the balance between economic gain and environmental degradation. For design to be responsive to a client’s needs, it should be responsible and appropriate. Appropriateness, in the 21st century, will entail respect for resource constraints....

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