Environmental attributes

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  • The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment. National legislation and new international treaties show that tort liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment by decision-makers.

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  • This study investigated young female consumers' beauty product shopping behavioural patterns, their perceived importance of product attributes, and their attitude towards and purchase of natural beauty products. This study also examines whether consumers' product attitudes and shopping behaviours are influenced by their health and environmental consciousness. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 210 female college students enrolled at a south-eastern university in the US.

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  • There are two main reasons why the chemical process industry should be motivated to reduce energy consumption and CO 2 emissions: rising concerns in companies, the public and scientifi c community about climate change or global warming, and the increasing fraction of energy in manufacturing costs. ‘ Climate change ’ [1] in this context, means a change of climate, which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods....

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  • The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this book are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use.

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  • The principal pollutants from the transport sector responsible for adverse health effects include lead, various types of particulate matter, ozone (formed from atmospheric reactions of oxides of nitrogen [Nox] and volatile organic compounds [VOCs]), various toxic VOCs, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ammonia and sulphur dioxide. However, the proportion of these various pollutants attributable to the transport sector varies significantly across different cities, as indicated by the table below.

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  • Economics: Evaluation of the traffic-related health impacts and their monetarisation: Using epidemiological data regarding the relation between air pollution and morbidity and premature mortality, the number of cases of morbidity and/or premature mortality attributed to air pollution is determined for each of the health outcomes separately, using specific exposure-response functions. The same operations are carried out for the theoretical situation in which there is no road traffic-related air pollution.

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  • On the following page, Figure 2 describes examples of general policies that apply to client Web pages, their script code, and the nodes and attributes of document data. On the same page, Figure 3 shows how these poli- cies can be readily instantiated usingMET callback func- tions; this code should be read in conjunction with Ap- pendix A. In what follows, these policies are referred to by their number, in parentheses.

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  • The idea of collaborative science, and of appropriate attribution to previous work, vary greatly from culture to culture. In some cultures, the reference to another researcher’s concepts must be cited even when not quoting a previously published work directly. In other cultures, copying entire sections of another’s work and incorporating them into one’s own is an acceptable way of demonstrating the influence of that prior work.

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  • Cancer, this complex group of diseases with serious implications not just for individuals and their families, but also for society in general and health systems in particular, remains an important health challenge in Slovenia, in Europe and world-wide. At present, with more than 3 million new cases and 1.7 million deaths each year, cancer represents the second most important cause of death and morbidity in Europe.

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  • We have demonstrated previously that urea inhibits the activity and alters the tertiary structure of skeletal muscle myosin in a biphasic manner. This was attributed to differential effects on its globular and filamentous por-tion.

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  • As Cigarette Use Declines, Tobacco Industry Follows the Money to Other Tobacco Products In August, CDC released results of the 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey which found youth cigarette use continues to decline and now stands at 15.8 percent among high school students and 4.3 percent among middle school students. These reductions can be attributed to implementing the evidence- based policies proven to reduce tobacco use evaluated in “State of Tobacco Control.

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  • The beauty of the business school interview is that applicants are the foremost experts themselves—they know why they have made the decisions that have led them to applying to an MBA program, what their unique strengths are and where they want to go next in their careers. The challenge, however, is figuring out how to best communicate this information to the interviewer and eloquently tell stories from the past that best illustrate the applicant’s abilities de- spite time constraints.

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  • In the recent past the interests of different groups concerned with health care have focused on the use of medical technologies—their impacts on safety, efficacy, and effectiveness; cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit; quality; and their social, legal, and ethical implications. The sum of these varied interests is the field of health care technology assessment. The Council on Health Care Technology was created to promote the development and application of technology assessment in health care and the review of health care technologies for their appropriate use.

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  • Nacre organic matrix has been conventionally classified as both water-soluble and water-insoluble,basedonits solubility in aqueous solutions after decalcificationwith acid or EDTA. Some characteristics (aspartic acid-rich, silk-fibroin-like content) were specifically attributed to either one or the other. The comparative study on the technique of extraction (extraction with water alone vs. demineralization with EDTA) presented here, seems to reveal that this gen-erally accepted classification may need to be reconsidered....

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  • In order to achieve good reflectance performance through environmental and stress conditions seen in service, fiber-optic connectors must achieve and maintain physical contact between fiber cores. It is a given in the industry that ferrule endface geometry is critical to maintaining fiber core physical contact. The three critical attributes of endface geometry for physical contact (PC) connectors are radius of curvature, fiber protrusion/ recession, and apex offset. In angled physical contact (APC) connectors, the equivalent of apex offset is often referred to as dome offset....

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  • Each of us is unique. Like snowflakes that look the same but under the microscope are different, we each have our own specialness that nobody else possesses. We have our own physical attributes, our own mental make-up, our own environmental background, and our own cultural inheritance. But more than all these, we have our own special, unique, and un-copiable talents. These talents are our gifts for life on earth. Some of us search in vain for their own special talents and never realize them fully before they die. Others come to them late in life after journeys that take them...

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  • Ongoing monitoring and good data are the cornerstones of effective efforts to improve water quality. Addressing water quality challenges will mean building capacity and expertise in developing countries and deploying real-time, low-cost, rapid, and reliable field sampling tools, technologies, and data-sharing and management institutions. Resources are needed to build national and regional capacity to collect, manage, and analyze water quality data.

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  • Two million U.S. residents die each year; it is estimated that half of these deaths are "premature" and attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors (UC Berkley Wellness Letter 1997). Advances in biomedical sciences, mass immunization, and sanitation have resulted in a decrease in the incidence of infectious diseases (Matarazzo 1984), so that the health status of the population in economically developed countries now has less to do with acute illness than with lifestyle issues such as excessive drinking, unhealthy diet, or the use of tobacco products (Walsh et al.1993).

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  • We do not always need science to teach us what happens on landscapes, though science enriches that story. All who have had to cope in the world knew this, natives of landscapes wherever. Science brings insight into continu- ing organic, ecological, and evolutionary unity, dynamic genesis; but such unity may also have already been realized by pre-scientific peoples in their inhabiting of a landscape. Science can engage us with landscapes too object- ively, academically, disinterestedly; landscapes are also known in participant encounter, by being embodied in them. ...

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  • The CWA contains both “water-quality based” regulatory controls, which vary according to the designated use (e.g., drinking water source, fishable, swimmable) and attributes (e.g., volume and rate of flow) of the receiving water body, and “technology- based” effluent standards that are achievable using available pollution control technology.

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