Environmental conflict

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  • The environment is key to sustaining human economic activity and well-being, for without a healthy environment, human quality of life is reduced. Most people would agree that there are also many reasons to protect the environment for its own inherent worth, and especially to leave a legacy of fully functioning natural resources. Sustainable land management refers to the activities of humans and implies that activity will continue in perpetuity. It is a term that attempts to balance the often conflicting ideals of economic growth and maintaining environmental quality and viability....

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  • Environmental health decision making can be a complex undertaking, as there is the need to navigate and find balance among three core elements: science, policy, and the needs of the American public. Much of environmental health decision making started in the 1950s and 1960s and was focused on health effects of simple environmental exposures. However, scientific knowledge has rapidly changed as new technologies and new insights into the complexity of environment–health interactions have emerged.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'environmental health sciences decision making risk management, evidence, and ethics', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • During the past twenty-five years there has been an exponential growth in the number of environmental and natural resource conflicts. They occur at local, regional, national and international levels and encompass an ever increasing range of issues. Many have proven to be very difficult to successfully resolve. A look at just a few arenas where conflicts have emerged illustrates this trend.

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  • The results of this project illustrate substantial technical potential for cars environmental improvement. The existing and developing legislation was also considered to assess any possible untapped technical potential. The European policy (and also the national policy) is actually being considering the environmental impacts from cars over years and already addresses some of the important environmental aspects at different stages of the car life cycle (e.g. air pollution, CO2 emissions, end-of-life waste, batteries, etc.).

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  • As Durban, South Africa, prepares for the 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in November this year, the world is recovering from a series of climate and environmental-related disasters, which have occurred over the past few years. The Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, the Haiti earthquake, the New Zealand earthquake, the Japanese tsunami and nuclear crisis, among others, have killed and affected millions.

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  • The Rio Earth Summit of 1992 introduced several new approaches to environmental management under the general heading of sustainable devlopment. One of these approaches has forced conservationists to concede that it is no longer feasible or ethical to exlude resident communities from prtected areas, as had been the practice for more than a century. The alternative approach highlighting considerations of social justice and economic empowerment, is to recognise that humans are also part of the local ecology, and to find sustainable ways to maintain local livelihoods along with biodiversity....

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  • The Mekong River is one of the few great, largely unregulated rivers of the world. Its Delta is both agriculturally and aquatically highly productive and a major contributor to the region’s food production and export earnings. Water and land issues of the Delta must be considered as integral with those of the Mekong Basin as a whole. A majority of the Mekong Basin’s 60 million, ethnically diverse peoples rely on the River’s aquatic resources and rice production for their subsistence. For many, 40 to 60% of their protein intake is from fish from the Mekong.

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  • In January 1976, the Transportation Energy Conservation (TEC) Division of the Energy Research and Development Administration contracted with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to prepare a Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book to be used by TEC staff in their evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. The major purposes of the Data Book were to draw together, under one cover, transportation data from diverse sources, to resolve data conflicts and inconsistencies, and to produce a comprehensive document.

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  • Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’, with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse effect....

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  • .Lands of the Poor Local Environmental Governance and the Decentralized Management of Natural Resources Angelo Bonfiglioli Senior Technical Advisor UNCDF United Nations Capital Development Fund .Copyright © June 2004 United Nations Capital Development Fund Two United Nations Plaza, 26th Floor New York, NY 10017 web: http://www.uncdf.org e-mail: info@uncdf.

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  • Despite the protection afforded by several important legal instruments, the environment continues to be the silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has conducted over twenty post-conflict assessments since 1999, using state-of-the-art science to determine the environmental impacts of war. From Kosovo to Afghanistan, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, UNEP has found that armed conflict causes significant harm to the environment and the communities that depend on natural resources.

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  • Instead of showing the myriad ways that business, ethics, and environmentalism conflict and lead to impossible choices, it is more useful to ask, “How is it possible to put these ideas together?”2 In today’s world, all three issues require serious consideration. Businesses must continue to create value for their financiers and other stakeholders. Business leaders can no longer afford the ethical missteps that led to the epidemic of scandals in the last decade. To leave a livable world for future generations, business leaders also must pay attention to environmental matters.

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  • Next to the processes causing the unequal distribution of environmental risks and outcomes, the framework model identifies the institutional landscape and the respective services and actions to tackle inequalities. A variety of actors is called upon to reduce and mitigate the occurrence of environmental inequalities, be they socially determined or not. In first place, responsibility is with the environmental actors and stakeholders shaping the environmental conditions, such as actors on environment, transport, housing, occupational settings etc.

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  • Justice is no mere abstraction. Finding justice and doing justice is a continuous human task. It is the activity which in any society gives politics and the law their purpose. The activity has both a material and a discursive dimension. It has to do with what we are, what we do and what we say. What we are and do is materially real. How we relate to others is discursively real, a matter of communicated explanations via words. The struggle for justice is about how we explain the basis of a good and proper relationship between ourselves and others.

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  • The report also identifies water-related risks for electric power/energy, apparel, biotechnology/pharmaceutical, forest products and metals/mining firms. For companies in these and other sectors, climate change will further reduce the availability of reliable and high quality water, impacting productivity, costs, revenues, public goodwill and reputation. The report highlights the intensifying conflict between energy use and water availability. With increasing frequency, choosing one of these resources means undermining the other – the other, usually being water.

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  • Treatment requirements imposed on individual firms were seen as the most direct response to pollution problems. In the climate of the early 1970s, and given the lack of regional institutions in place, the desire to minimize compliance costs and use taxes to meet ambient goals was less strongly felt. This is one explanation for the quantity-based regulatory system we have in place to this day. To understand some of the other explanations, it is necessary to describe the characteristics of a tax system in more detail. Before doing so, mention should also be made...

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  • Our estimation framework can be thought of as a modified version of the traditional EKC framework familiar to economists. The modifications are twofold. First, we do not use emissions per capita as our dependent variable, but use total emissions and include population size as a further explanatory variable. The traditional EKC framework implicitly assumes a population elasticity of one (i.e., population is only a scale factor), which is of course only one possibility and may conflict with reality. Instead, our aim is to estimate this elasticity.

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  • Thescaleandoperationofthesupplychainofbiomassproductionisinfluencedbygeographic conditions,availabilityandeconomicsoffeedstocksupplyandvolumesofvalueaddedproduct. Energy balance and the environmental impact of the processes and products are essential considerationsinselectingasustainableoption.Thegrowthofbiobasedindustryindeveloping countrieswill require greater investments for both large volume products (e.g. biofuels) and highvalueaddedproducts,suchasbiobasedspecialtychemicalsorconsumergoods.

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  • As the long-term sustainability of our current financial models are brought into question, stock exchanges are well positioned to restore confidence in the market in the short-term and could, through improved ESG disclosure, drive market efficiency as better managed companies are rewarded. Furthermore, the growing sustainable investment market presents new opportunities for stock exchanges in the form of new products and services for responsible investors.

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