Environmental damage

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  • The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment. National legislation and new international treaties show that tort liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment by decision-makers.

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  • Many indicators regarding the health of the world’s environment remain firmly in the red. Trends such as climate change, water scarcity, air pollution, biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation all continue to threaten our finite stock of natural capital and the ability of our economy to provide sustainable growth and prosperity for all. A great deal of this environmental damage is caused by the way we do business. If we are to create a truly sustainable global economy, then we must change our economic models so that business can become part of the solution, not part of the problem. ...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'civil liability resulting from transfrontier environmental damage: a case for the hague conference?', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Always controversial, Thomas DeGregori has released another classic volume that is sure to inform, confound, and present new perspectives on todays environmental issues. This time he is taking on the environmentalists, naturalists, green consumerists, and those that hail the natural lifestyle as the healthy, politically correct thing to do. DeGregori examines the economics of green consumerism, the reality of saving the environment, how historical cultures may have influenced environmental damage, and how being ecologically correct may have a more damaging effect on our environment....

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  • In contemporary debates about democratic governance, the concept of accountability is hard to avoid. At least from a European perspective, recent innovations in political and administrative decision-making have multiplied opportunities for citizens to hold to account those who exercise governmental authority. Or so we are told. Whether busy modernizing constitutional structures or realigning public services along market-led lines, our political representatives have proclaimed a new era of open and responsive government.

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  • How population growth damages the quality of life and the environment Why immigration is not a ‘fix’ for an ageing population Why an ageing society is inevitable for the UK and the rest of the world Why health care will be affordable in an ageing society Why we should welcome an ageing society Why Europe’s low fertility is set to bounce back up Why there are no labour shortages in Europe or the UK How immigration can lead to worse pay and conditions for native workers

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  • Despite the protection afforded by several important legal instruments, the environment continues to be the silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has conducted over twenty post-conflict assessments since 1999, using state-of-the-art science to determine the environmental impacts of war. From Kosovo to Afghanistan, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, UNEP has found that armed conflict causes significant harm to the environment and the communities that depend on natural resources.

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  • A distinguishing feature of the water quality problem is that environmental damages— that is, the costs to society of pollution—are highly dependent on the location of pollution sources in the hydrological, social, and economic landscape. First, the demand for water quality varies from location to location. Some waterbodies are envisioned as pristine, where recreation and species support is the overriding concern.

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  • In this chapter you will learn: Why doesn’t economic growth include increases in spending for welfare, Social Security, and unemployment programs? How is the calculation of national output affected by environmental damage? Can one newscaster report that the economy grew, while another reports for the same year that the economy declined, and both reports be correct?

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  • Many have endeavored to make our outdoor environment cleaner and safer. The learning process that occurred showed us the limitations of our planet and also the sustainability of our ecosystem if given a chance. As a community, we learned about the water, the soil, and the air. We learned about the underground river that flowed to the surface lake. We learned about air currents that transported airstreams around our globe. We discovered the reality of plate tectonics and the ever-changing hydrogeological system.

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  • The importance of cyanobacterial toxins in drinking water sources has been highlighted by the adoption of a provisional drinking water “Guideline Value” for microcystin- LR, one of the most abundant toxins, by the World Health Organization (WHO). A number of nations have now legislated a guideline for microcystins into their drinking water regulations, with the consequent need for monitoring and analytical techniques. The Chemical Safety Committee of the WHO also has under consideration a Guideline Value for cylindrospermopsin, the other most damaging cyanobacterial toxin....

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  • 4 Forensic Techniques Used in Environmental Litigation Scientific method vs. junk science 4.1 INTRODUCTION When evaluating the merits of performing non-intrusive forensic analysis (e.g., contaminant transport modeling or aerial photo-interpretation) and/or intrusive sampling and testing, three questions should be considered: 1. Does the analysis or testing advance the understanding of the technical aspects of the case? 2. Can the test results be damaging to your client? 3.

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  • Soil erosion is a hazard traditionally associated with agriculture in tropical and semi-arid areas and is important for its long-term effects on soil productivity and sustainable agriculture. It is, however, a problem of wider significance occurring additionally on land devoted to forestry, transport and recreation. Erosion also leads to environmental damage through sedimentation, pollution and increased flooding. The costs associated with the movement and deposition of sediment in the landscape frequently outweigh those arising from the long-term loss of soil in eroding fields.

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  • A number of abiotic stresses impose damage to crop and provokes reduction of yield productivity. Amongst several abiotic stresses, water deficit and soil salinity are the most commonly investigated owing to the extent of cultivated area affected by them. Water scarcity and increase competition for water resources involving several sectors of the production segment (agriculture, industry, hydroelectric energy, etc.

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  • To support IPM training program of our TOT, experiments, field surveys and observations, laboratory experiments and breeding were conducted in Binh Phuoc, Dong Nai and Dak Lac province between July 2006 and March 2008. Data obtained from experiments and field surveys show that • The common insect pests damaging the terminal discharge water, apples and / or nuts as tea mosquito bug, shoot borers, bugs coreid, thrips, apple seeds borers, leaf rollers, leaf miners, aphids and other cores, including tea mosquito bugs, shoot borers, leaf rollers and apple borer, the main grain...

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  • As in a past decades, the world today continues to be at crossroads in terms of energy. Shortages and rising prices of fuel, accompanied by environmental damage are leading to a poor quality of life. Fossil fuel consumption is increasing, and our search for oil has led to ever deeper reserves, with its higher production costs. Rapid depletion of oil and gas are real issues affecting both current and future generations.

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  • Rolling bearings are machine elements found in a wide field of applications. They are reliable even under the toughest conditions and premature failure is very rare. The first sign of rolling bearing damage is primarily unusual operating behaviour of the bearings. The examination of damaged bearings reveals a wide and varied range of phenomena. Inspection of the bearings alone is normally not enough to pinpoint the cause of damage, but rather the inspection of the mating parts, lubrication, and sealing as well as the operating and environmental conditions.

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  • Your official claim for damages is called a Proof of Loss.This must be fully completed and signed and in the hands of your insurance company within 60 days after the loss occurs. The Proof of Loss includes a detailed estimate to replace or repair the damaged property . In most cases, the adjuster , as a courtesy , will provide you with a suggested Proof of Loss. However , you are responsible for making sure that it is complete, accurate and filed in a timely manner . Be sure to keep a copy of the Proof of Loss—and copies of all supporting documents—for your records....

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  • Air pollution does not only damage the air; it also damages environments on Earth’s surface and their inhabitants. Plants and animals are harmed by air pollution. Sometimes it is the pollutants themselves that cause damage. Other times pollutants combine and change the resources that plants and animals depend upon such as water, soil, and nutrients. The impacts of air pollution are diverse and numerous. Air pollution can have serious consequences for the health of human beings, and also severely affects natural ecosystems.

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  • Indoor air pollution poses many challenges to the health pro- fessional. This booklet offers an overview of those challenges, focusing on acute conditions, with patterns that point to par- ticular agents and suggestions for appropriate remedial action. The individual presenting with environmentally associated symptoms is apt to have been exposed to airborne substances originating not outdoors, but indoors. Studies from the United States and Europe show that persons in industrial- ized nations spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors1.

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