The environmental industry is changing, along with the way it manages data. Many projects
are making a transition from investigation through remediation to ongoing monitoring. Data
management is evolving from individual custom systems for each project to standardized,
centralized databases, and many organizations are starting to realize the cost savings of this
The first question that I ask an environmental science student who comes seeking my
advice on a data analysis problem is Have you looked at your data? Very often, after
some beating around the bush, the student answers, Not really. The student goes on to
explain that he or she loaded the data into an analysis package provided by an advisor,
or downloaded off the web, and it didn’t work. The student tells me, Something is
wrong with my data! I then ask my second question: Have you ever used the analysis
package with a dataset that did work? After some further beating around the bush,...
This book is intended to introduce environmental scientists and
managers to the statistical methods that will be useful for them in their
work. A secondary aim was to produce a text suitable for a course in
statistics for graduate students in the environmental science area. I
wrote the book because it seemed to me that these groups should
really learn about statistical methods in a special way. It is true that
their needs are similar in many respects to those working in other
Much new material has been added to this second edition. Besides a totally new
chapter on radionuclides, the text has been reorganized and updated with separate
chapters on metals, light nonaqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs), dense nonaqueous
phase liquids (DNAPLs), and biodegradation. Also, some end-of-chapter exercises
have been added. The dictionary of inorganic pollutants has been enlarged and
some important organic pollutants added.
When one is confronted with a new problem that involves the collection and analysis of data, two crucial
questions are: How will using statistics help solve this problem? And, Which techniques should be used?
This book is intended to help environmental engineers answer these questions in order to better understand
and design systems for environmental protection.
The book is not about the environmental systems, except incidentally. It is about how to extract
information from data and how informative data are generated in the first place.
The last quarter-century has seen increasing awareness of
the interactions between human societies and the natural
environment in which they thrive and upon which they
depend. This awareness has been heightened by concerns
about resource scarcity, environmental degradation, and
global environmental issues. The combination of increased
awareness of the environment and recognition of the
primitive state of much of the nation’s environmental data has led to a
widespread desire to supplement U.S. national economic accounts to include
natural resources and environmental assets.
Applied statistics for civil and environmental engineers has many contents: Preliminary Data Analysis, Basic Probability Concepts, Random Variables and Their Properties, Model Estimation and Testing, Methods of Regression and Multivariate Analysis, Frequency Analysis of Extreme Events, Simulation Techniques for Design, Risk and Reliability Analysis, Bayesian Decision Methods and Parameter Uncertainty.
In January 1976, the Transportation Energy Conservation (TEC) Division of the Energy
Research and Development Administration contracted with Oak Ridge National Laboratory
(ORNL) to prepare a Transportation Energy Conservation Data Book to be used by TEC staff in
their evaluation of current and proposed conservation strategies. The major purposes of the Data
Book were to draw together, under one cover, transportation data from diverse sources, to
resolve data conflicts and inconsistencies, and to produce a comprehensive document.
Data fusion is a research area that is growing rapidly due to the fact that it provides
means for combining pieces of information coming from different sources/sensors, resulting
in ameliorated overall system performance (improved decision making, increased detection
capabilities, diminished number of false alarms, improved reliability in various situations at
hand) with respect to separate sensors/sources.
This study investigated young female consumers' beauty product shopping behavioural patterns, their perceived importance of product attributes, and their attitude towards and purchase of natural beauty products. This study also examines whether consumers' product attitudes and shopping behaviours are influenced by their health and environmental consciousness. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 210 female college students enrolled at a south-eastern university in the US.
Identification of Biased Environmental Data
Coincidence, error, studied ignorance, or junk science?
An expert opinion is worth no more than the factual data upon which it is based. The critical review of environmental data is therefore essential for judging the reliability of the factual information. Environmental data relied upon to form an opinion should be of a sufficient known quality to withstand the scientific and legal challenges relative to the purpose of the data collection.
.Priv.-Doz. Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Math. Ekkehard Holzbecher Georg-August Universit€t G€ttingen a o Goldschmidtstr. 3 37077 G€ttingen o firstname.lastname@example.org
Additional material to this book can be downloaded from http://extra.springer.com. ISBN 978-3-642-22041-8 e-ISBN 978-3-642-22042-5 DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-22042-5 Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York
Library of Congress Control Number: 2011941398 # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 This work is subject to copyright.
This textbook provides study materials for the participants of the course named
Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data that we teach at our university for the third
year. Material provided here should serve both for the introductory and the advanced
versions of the course. We admit that some parts of the text would profit from further
polishing, they are quite rough but we hope in further improvement of this text.
Our starting point is the question, “Who invented
the environment?” Chapter 1 describes how
humans’ awareness of their impacts on the environment
developed and when and why the concept of the
environment was invented. Chapter 2 provides a first definition
of environmental literacy and introduces the value
that transdisciplinarity can bring to how humans address
All these new layers, devices and trafﬁc require management and protection just as they would
if they were physical machines and networks. But what do auditors need to know in order to
successfully locate and ensure secure processes around sensitive data traversing this new vir-
Unfortunately, at this early stage of adoption, there is little guidance within the regulatory
frameworks on how to address new audit issues presented with virtualization. The purpose of
this paper is to help IT managers and auditors...
Cancer, this complex group of diseases with serious implications not just for
individuals and their families, but also for society in general and health
systems in particular, remains an important health challenge in Slovenia, in
Europe and world-wide. At present, with more than 3 million new cases and
1.7 million deaths each year, cancer represents the second most important
cause of death and morbidity in Europe.
Electrochemistry has been used extensively in the past three decades to
determine the chemical composition of environmental samples from the water
column, sediments, soils, biofilms, and microbial mats.
Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook
.Hazardous and Radioactive Waste Treatment Technologies Handbook
Chang Ho Oh, Ph.D.
CRC Press Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C.
.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Hazardous and radioactive waste treatment technologies handbook / Chang H. Oh [editor] p. cm. (The mechanical engineering handbook series) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8493-9586-0 (alk. paper) 1. Hazardous wastes--Purification--Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2.
Colloid and surface chemistry occupy a paradoxical position among the topics of physical
chemistry. These are areas which have traditionally been considered part of physical chemistry
and are currently enjoying more widespread application than ever due to their relevance to
environmental and biological problems. At the same time, however, colloid and surface chemistry
have virtually disappeared from physical chemistry courses. These topics are largely
absent from the contemporary general chemistry course as well.