This book was born from our combined years exploring the use of optically stimulated
luminescence (OSL) in different areas of radiation dosimetry with a seemingly unending
curiosity about the physics of the process and our aspirations and dreams concerning
potential applications. We wished to learn about and understand the challenges presented
by the many different areas of dosimetry and how OSL could play a useful role and, of
course, we hoped that we would make meaningful contributions to the field.
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
(NCRP) was requested by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to
review the literature on the effects of radiation on aquatic organisms
and develop a document that reviews the present understanding of
such effects and provides guidance for a standard for the protection of
populations of aquatic organisms.
This volume is an eclectic mix of applications of Monte Carlo methods in many fields of research should not be surprising, because of the ubiquitous use of these methods in many fields of human endeavor. In an attempt to focus attention on a manageable set of applications, the main thrust of this book is to emphasize applications of Monte Carlo simulation methods in biology and medicine.