Environmental emissions

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  • This work inevitably sprang out of our environmental biotechnology modules at the University of Durham, but it is not intended to be just another ‘book of the course’. Though it is clearly rooted in these origins, it reflects our wider, and rather varied, experiences of the field. In many respects, we have been fortunate; teaching has undoubtedly drawn on the ‘theory’, while our own consultancy has tended to focus us on the ‘application’.

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  • Monitoring the environment for metals has become a topic of considerable importance, not only to those industries emitting heavy metals but also to surveillance agencies and other organizations assessing the impact of metals on the environment. Our goal is to provide a comprehensive and easyto- read text for anyone working in the environmental analytical chemistry arena and to provide essential information to consultants and regulators about analytical and quality control procedures helpful in their evaluation and decision-making procedures.

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  • Judicious treatment of environmental questions and challenges requires an integrated, crossdisciplinary approach. Whether working at a local, national, regional, or global scale, the knowledge and expertise resident in a variety of subject areas comes to bear on all questions of sustainable development. Soil scientists now collaborate with colleagues in many Þelds, and a basic working knowledge

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  • There is a new era of global environmental factors that needs to be addressed via sound Corporate Environmental Management. Environmental problems are a key area of concern for the global community in the new 21st century. A sustainable global community is emerging that is geared toward preserving limited resources and the natural ecology, but to do so requires resource conservation and the reduction of environmental pollution loads across all human activities.

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  • The environment is key to sustaining human economic activity and well-being, for without a healthy environment, human quality of life is reduced. Most people would agree that there are also many reasons to protect the environment for its own inherent worth, and especially to leave a legacy of fully functioning natural resources. Sustainable land management refers to the activities of humans and implies that activity will continue in perpetuity. It is a term that attempts to balance the often conflicting ideals of economic growth and maintaining environmental quality and viability....

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  • The rapid pace in which trace analysis is changing has warranted the writing of a second edition in a relatively short period. What is new? The second edition attempts to move the reader from the most elementary of principles of trace environmental quantitative analysis (TEQA) to those techniques and applications currently being practiced in analytical laboratories dedicated to trace environmental chemical and trace environmental health quantitative analysis while adding new significant topics....

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  • Balances Scientific and Economic Points of View to Thoroughly Address Management Issues Responding to the need for clarification and benchmarks, Environmental Life Cycle Costing provides the fundamental basis on which to establish a definitive methodology. Clearly defining environmental LCC, this book balances scientific and economic points of view and thoroughly addresses the management perspective.

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  • There are two main reasons why the chemical process industry should be motivated to reduce energy consumption and CO 2 emissions: rising concerns in companies, the public and scientifi c community about climate change or global warming, and the increasing fraction of energy in manufacturing costs. ‘ Climate change ’ [1] in this context, means a change of climate, which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods....

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  • Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are part of a recent agricultural trend toward large-scale, corporate-owned and managed livestock production. A far cry from the traditional family farm, CAFOs have lowered prices and increased production—but at a cost. While some of the problems CAFOs can cause are economic and related to small farm and farming community culture, or societal with a focus of the animal rights activism groups, other problems are ecological and environmental and will only be solved by intelligently crafted and enforced legislation....

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  • Plants are continuously affected by a variety of environmental factors. Whereas biotic environmental factors are other organisms such as symbionts, parasites, pathogens, herbivores, and competitors, abiotic factors include parameters and resources which determine plant growth like temperature, relative humidity, light, availability of water, mineral nutrients, and CO 2 , as well as wind, ionizing radiation, or pollutants (Schulze et al. 2002 ) . The effect each abiotic factor has on the plant depends on its quantity or intensity.

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  • This third edition retains the range of analytical techniques and the structure of individual chapters of the second edition. However, there are some significant changes, with the introduction of new topics and some deletions, to take into account the changing priorities in environmental analysis.

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  • A compilation of the most important aerosol chemical processes involved in known scientific and technological disciplines, Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment serves as a handbook for aerosol chemistry. Aerosol science is interdisciplinary, interfacing with many environmental, biological and technological research fields. Aerosols and aerosol research play an important role in both basic and applied scientific and technological fields. Interdisciplinary cooperation is useful and necessary.

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  • The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.

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  • Much of the convenience of modern life resides in sheet metal, the cowling shield of most machines and appliances. However, the load that this takes off human shoulders has to be carried elsewhere, and the Earth has borne the burden. Many of us woke up to the environmental cost when over a century of industrialization finally surpassed the capacity of nature to assimilate it. International in scope, Heavy Metals in the Environment: Using Wetlands for Their Removal discusses wetland functions and heavy metal contamination.

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  • Contaminated bottom sediments and their negative impacts on water quality are a major problem in surface waters throughout the United States as well as in many other parts of the world. Even after elimination of the primary contaminant sources, these bottom sediments will be a main source of contaminants for many years to come. In order to determine environmentally-effective and cost-effective remedial actions, the transport and fate of these sediments and associated contaminants must be understood and quantified.

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  • Since the Second World War, and especially since the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1962, there has been growing concern about contamination of the environment by “man-made” chemicals. These chemicals may be present in industrial and municipal effluents, in consumer or commercial products, in mine tailings, in petroleum products, and in gaseous emissions. Some chemicals such as pesticides may be specifically designed to kill biota present in natural or agricultural ecosystems. They may be organic, inorganic, metallic, or radioactive in nature.

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  • The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment. National legislation and new international treaties show that tort liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment by decision-makers.

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  • Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are the main pollinating agents for numerous plants and fruit trees and, hence, play a key role in agriculture and more generally in the maintenance of ecological biodiversity. Although these social insects are not the targets of all the different agrochemical treatments used in crop protection, they are widely affected by pesticides.

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  • This book stems from the GIS Research UK (GISRUK) 12th Annual Conference which was held at the University of East Anglia in Norwich from 28–30th April 2004. The conference was attended by over 190 participants from more than 20 countries, reflecting the way in which the GISRUK series has evolved into a prominent international event for those interested in research on Geographical Information Science and Systems.

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  • Technology is a powerful force of change in our world. We live longer and arguably better lives than our great-great-grandparents because of advances in medical, communication, and transportation technology. As we enter this new century there is apparently no end in sight for the transformative potential of human innovation. However, there is now ample evidence that the real legacy of invention is defined in equal parts by its benefits to society as well as its costs. There is no technology that comes without some level of risk.

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