This third edition retains the range of analytical techniques and the structure
of individual chapters of the second edition. However, there are some
significant changes, with the introduction of new topics and some deletions,
to take into account the changing priorities in environmental analysis.
This book is the collection of 11 chapters that have been contributed by each
research unit joining a MIUR (Italian Ministry of University and Research) project,
devoted to the topic of fluid structure interaction. The subject matter is divided into
chapters covering a wide spectrum of recognized areas of research, such as: wall
bounded turbulence; quasi 2-D turbulence; canopy turbulence; large eddy
simulation; lake hydrodynamics; hydraulic hysteresis; liquid impacts; flow-induced
vibrations; sloshing flows; transient pipe flow; and air entrainment in dropshaft.
This book presents a fluid mechanics perspective to the dynamics of fronts and vortices and their interaction with waves in geophysical flows. It provides a basic physical background for modeling coherent structures in a geophysical context, and it gives essential information on advanced topics such as spontaneous wave emission and wavemomentum transfer in geophysical flows. Based on a set of lectures by leading specialists, this text is targeted at graduate students, researchers and engineers in geophysics and environmental fluid mechanics.
In order to support building engineering physicists in practice, we must
develop new centres in universities and new funding mechanisms to support
original and applied research into building energy performance. The
dissemination of real world building performance information capable of being
benchmarked, rather than marketing misinformation will not just inform future
low carbon building designs, but also allow for the development of robust
Pursuant to frequent requests for information received by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding the legality and effects of engine switching, this document will summarize federal law and policy pertaining to this matter, and will discuss other related issues. A. Federal Law The federal tampering prohibition is contained in section 203(a)(3) of the Clean Air Act (Act), 42 U.S.C. 7522(a)(3).
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – investment by foreign companies in overseas subsidiaries or
joint ventures – has a traditional reliance on natural resource use and extraction,particularly
agriculture, mineral and fuel production. Though this balance has shifted in recent years, the poorest countries still receive a disproportionate amount of investment flows into their natural resource sectors.
The textbook of Open Channel Hydraulics for Engineers, also called Applied Hydraulics, emphasizes the dynamics of the open-channel flow, by attempting to provide a complete framework of the basic equations of motion of the fluid, which are used as building blocks for the treatment of many practical problems. The structure of the document, with seven chapters totally, follows a logical sequence from a description and classification of Fluid Mechanics and Open Channel Flows, as reviewed in Chapter 1. A development of the basic equation of motion for uniform flow is encountered in Chapter 2.
The planet is a marvelous place with its blue skies, wild storms,
deep lakes, and rich and diverse ecosystems. The tides ebb and
flow, baby animals are born in the spring, and tropical rain
forests harbor an astonishing array of life. The Earth sustains living
things and provides humans with the resources they need to maintain
a bountiful way of life. These resources include water, soil, and nutrients
to grow food, and the mineral and energy resources to build and
fuel modern society, among many other things....
Many have endeavored to make our outdoor environment cleaner and safer. The learning
process that occurred showed us the limitations of our planet and also the sustainability
of our ecosystem if given a chance. As a community, we learned about the water, the soil,
and the air. We learned about the underground river that flowed to the surface lake. We
learned about air currents that transported airstreams around our globe. We discovered the
reality of plate tectonics and the ever-changing hydrogeological system.
The planet is a marvelous place: a place with blue skies, wild
storms, deep lakes, and rich and diverse ecosystems. The tides
ebb and flow, baby animals are born in the spring, and tropical
rain forests harbor an astonishing array of life. The Earth sustains
living things and provides humans with the resources to maintain a
bountiful way of life: water, soil, and nutrients to grow food, and the
mineral and energy resources to build and fuel modern society, among
many other things.
In 2001 I was contacted by a consortium of research institutions and wind energy
interests with a request to provide some background information on the operational
characteristics of acoustic radars or SODARs. The consortium partners had set
up and been funded for an European EU project to evaluate SODARs as a tool in
monitoring wind flows at wind turbine sites. They felt reasonably confident in their
knowledge of SODARs and had purchased some instruments, but wanted to be able
to consult on any more complex issues which arose.
The present edition has been updated in a number of renewable energy
technology areas (Chapter 4 and 5), where progress have been made over the
recent years. New solar simulation studies have been added to Chapter 6,
and market considerations have been included in the overview in Chapter 1,
and in discussing industry liberalisation in Chapter 7. The remarks on
advanced subjects made in the preface to the 2nd edition are still valid. A new
growth area is fuel cells for stationary and mobile uses of hydrogen and
First, the concentrated
decision rights within the firms allow them to operate in greater secrecy. A politician may
desire more secrecy in order to maintain a reputation of integrity. The firms also prefer
operating in secret in order to discourage entry by competitors. Second, compared to a
hired manager in a widely held firm, a controlling owner is more secure in his position in
the firm and thus has more credibility on which to trade favors with the government.
Participants from DCF stakeholder groups (provider countries / recipient countries / civil society and parliamentarians /
UN system) are expected to brainstorm within their respective groups on how to advance gender equality in light of new
challenges faced by development cooperation, including the transition to sustainable development and the coordination
among different actors, approaches and flows to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women.
Whole system thinking takes a view of the company’s manufacturing system and associated costs as
a whole, rather than by functional department. This new way of thinking empowers factory managers to
accept higher costs on low value items that may be associated with a given functional department, to
produce substantial overall cost savings throughout the production cycle. Companies engaged in Lean
Manufacturing are, fundamentally, utilizing new financial decision-making (“whole system”) approaches
and new powerful cost drivers (e.g., reduced flow days) to eliminate waste.
left panels). This ridge separates the Atlantic Ocean southwest of the ridge from the Norwegian Sea to the northeast.
The sill of the ridge reaches different depths in different areas. Most of it is shallower than 500 m, but a small part is
deeper with the Faroe Bank Channel being the deepest passage across the ridge.
The upper layers of the waters surrounding the Faroes are dominated by ‘Modified North Atlantic Water’ which derives
from the North Atlantic Current flowing towards the east and north-east (Hansen and Østerhus, 2000) (Figure 22.214.171.124,
upper left panel).
decreasing their value added. Successful, cost-effective investment into energy efficiency
technologies and practices meets the challenge of maintaining the output of a high quality
product while reducing production costs. This is especially important, as energy efficient
technologies often include “additional” benefits, such as increasing the productivity of the
Energy use is also a major source of emissions in the refinery industry, making energy
efficiency improvement an attractive opportunity to reduce emissions and operating costs.
The lung has a unique vascular structure and function; it has low pressure, low
resistance circulation with a highly compliant system which accommodates the same
amount of flow as the systemic circulation. In addition, pulmonary and systemic
vasculatures have divergent responses to various stimuli. For example, pulmonary
arteries constrict in the setting of hypoxia, while systemic circulation dilates. This is
due to distinctive developmental characteristics, anatomic and histological structure,
as well as physiological properties.