Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Environmental illness
  • The foundation of human health rests on healthy, stable ecosystems. Our biotic environment provides us with the fundamentals necessary for healthy lives—food, water, oxygen, warmth, light, and fuel. Earth's ecosystems also supply the raw materials for our health-care services. The global fraying of ecosystems has grave implications for our health and our ability to treat illnesses, now and in the future.

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  • In terms of economic stability and growth, in 2008 the UK food and drink industry accounted for 7% of the national output, supporting about 3.7million jobs (Cabinet Office 2008). Trying to balance these complex elements of sustainability poses an enormous challenge. While some synergies can be found there are also a number of conflicting goals and potential tensions.

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  • The history of development intervention is marked by multiple failures at dialogue between analysts and practitioners; an impasse caused in part by the failure to recon- cile disparate professional languages. In Kenya, where critical thought for this book was generated, a cause célèbre in livestock intensification has been the ill-fated Maasai Project of the 1960s and 1970s. The wider East Africa region too is known for its repeated failures to sustain projects in agricultural extension, water manage- ment, and drought preparedness.

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  • Women in prison often have more health problems than male prisoners. As indicated before, many have chronic and complex health conditions resulting from lives of poverty, drug use, family violence, sexual assault, adolescent pregnancy, malnutrition and poor health care (Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 2006; WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2007a). Drug-dependent women offenders have a higher prevalence than male offenders of tuberculosis, hepatitis, toxaemia, anaemia, hypertension, diabetes and obesity (Covington, 2007).

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  • Indoor air pollution poses many challenges to the health pro- fessional. This booklet offers an overview of those challenges, focusing on acute conditions, with patterns that point to par- ticular agents and suggestions for appropriate remedial action. The individual presenting with environmentally associated symptoms is apt to have been exposed to airborne substances originating not outdoors, but indoors. Studies from the United States and Europe show that persons in industrial- ized nations spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors1.

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  • The sick have been held hostage for their money or intangible assets since time immemorial. Doctors, even primitive and natural healers, surround themselves with mystery as they use herbs or chemicals and incantations or “prognoses” to help the sick recover. Today, the medical industry (doctors and their suppliers and insurers) take a significant amount of the worker's earnings.

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  • The OMA recognized the need to explore not only the direct health effects of air pollution but also the need to understand the associated economic ramifications for the provincial health care system as well as for Ontario more generally. To this end, a feasibility study was undertaken, the purpose of which was to determine how best to develop appropriate estimates of the economic damages relating to air pollution-induced illnesses (42).

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  • Ozone pollution, which is invisible, can irritate the respiratory system, reduce lung function, inflame and damage the lining of the lungs and the cilia, and cause structural damage of the lungs. Ozone pollution can also reduce the number and functioning ability of bacteria-destroying white blood cells. Ozone pollution can aggravate asthma and increase people’s susceptibility to respiratory illnesses like pneumonia and bronchitis.

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  • More than half of the world's population relies on solid fuels, including biomass fuels (wood, charcoal, dung, agricultural residues) and coal, to meet their basic energy needs. Cooking and heating with solid fuels on open fires or traditional stoves results in high levels of indoor air pollution. Globally, indoor air pollution is responsible for approximately 1.6 million deaths every year. Various interventions are available to reduce indoor air pollution and associated health impacts at the household level.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Rogers' textbook of pediatric intensive care" presents the following contents: Introduction to the practice of pediatric critical care, professionalism, leadership and systems based practice, ethical and compassionate care of the critically ill child, basic concepts of pediatric critical care, initial stabilizatio, environmental crises, life support technologies.

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  • Those at the bottom of a socially stratified world are vulnerable to economic shocks, impoverishing effects of illness and co-morbidity—with one underlying condition (e.g., malnutrition or HIV/AIDS) making the development of another more likely (e.g., diarrhea or TB). Increasingly, child morbidity and mortality is seen as a function of co-morbidity, with malnutrition coinciding with other conditions such as measles, acute respiratory infection (ARI) and diarrhea.

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  • The production function characterizes health as a form of human capital, where current health status is a function of choices and shocks over the individual’s lifetime. Specifically, an individual’s health capital, such as height, is the result of a set of factors, including previous health status, medical care, personal behaviors, and environment –some of which are observed, i.e., altitude, whereas others are not. Some of the determinants are chosen, such as nutritional intake, medical care, and time spent in seeking care.

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  • Water quality risks are often overlooked but may have significant financial implications. The quality of process water is critical in many industrial production systems, and contaminated water supply may require additional investment and operational costs for pre-treatment. In cases where current high quality source water precludes the need for pre-treatment, degradation of supply can necessitate costly capital expenditures for treatment technology.

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  • Although the psychosocial oncology literature is strong, substantial limitations and unanswered questions remain. Much of the research has focused on heterogeneous samples of patients who vary widely across disease site (e.g., melanoma vs. breast cancer), stage of progression (e.g., localized vs. metastatic), and phase of illness (e.g., initial diagnosis vs. long-term survival). The challenges patients face vary widely across these dimensions, and therefore, it is crucial for research designs to take this into consideration....

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  • Cancer care today often provides state-of-the-science biomedical treatment, but fails to address the psychological and social (psychosocial) problems associated with the illness. This failure can compromise the effectiveness of health care and thereby adversely affect the health of cancer patients.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Developmental behavioral pediatrics" presents the following contents: Life stages, environmental influences—family and social, biological influences, general physical illness—developmental behavioral aspects, outcomes—behavioral and emotional

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  • There is growing recognition of the large health and productivity costs imposed by poor indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in commercial buildings—estimated variously at up to hundreds of billions of dollars per year. This is not surprising as people spend 90% of their time indoors, and the concentration of pollutants indoors is typically higher than outdoors, sometimes by as much as 10 or even 100 times. 6 The relationship between worker comfort/pro- ductivity and building design/operation is com- plicated.

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  • Despite the flurry of media and political attention to air quality-induced illnesses and deaths, the question still remains as to what will be the future air quality in Ontario and what are the health consequences. Are more aggressive measures required to reduce the risk of poor air quality for human health? What benefits would be realized now and in the future from improved air quality? These are examples of pertinent environmental policy questions for which sound answers are needed. This need has been recognized for many years by the OMA.

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  • Many measures can indeed be taken almost immediately to reduce this environmental disease burden. Just a few examples include the promotion of safe household water storage and better hygiene measures, the use of cleaner fuels and safer, more judicious use and management of toxic substances in the home and workplace. At the same time, actions by sectors such as energy, transport, agriculture, and industry are urgently required, in cooperation with the health sector, to address the root environmental causes of ill health. There is good news in this report, however.

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  • HFMD is a common viral illness among infants and young children. This virus can cause fever and sores in the mouth, and blisters on the hands and feet. The disease is usually mild but it can also cause severe condition, complications and sometimes results in death. The virus causing HFMD is spread from person to person through direct contact through nose and throat secretions, saliva, blister fluids, stools of infected persons, or through contact with contaminated surfaces.

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