Environmental services

Xem 1-20 trên 169 kết quả Environmental services
  • This study looks at whether Vietnam could adopt the Payment for Environmental Services (PES) approach as part of its national conservation strategy. Using a pilot study in the country’s uplands, it investigates how such a scheme might run and assesses its impact on the environment and on the local people’s livelihoods. Through a review of current Vietnamese conservation practice, it assesses the barriers to the adoption of such schemes and the factors that might encourage their implementation....

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  • Agricultural development is widely recognized as crucial for poverty reduction. At the same time, agricultural expansion and ever more intensive practices are widely recognized for their contribution to ecosystem degradation. Less well recognized is that, in many cases, agriculture offers the potential to generate both poverty reduction and better environmental outcomes. The studies presented in this volume look at one policy tool that may address this gap: payments for environmental services (PES).

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa hoc quốc tế đề tài : How can social and environmental services be provided for mobile Tibetan herders? Collaborative examples from Qinghai Province, China

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  • In contemporary debates about democratic governance, the concept of accountability is hard to avoid. At least from a European perspective, recent innovations in political and administrative decision-making have multiplied opportunities for citizens to hold to account those who exercise governmental authority. Or so we are told. Whether busy modernizing constitutional structures or realigning public services along market-led lines, our political representatives have proclaimed a new era of open and responsive government.

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  • Ecosystems provide a wide variety of marketable goods, fish and lumber being two familiar examples. However, society is increasingly recognizing the myriad functions—the observable manifestations of ecosystem processes such as nutrient recycling, regulation of climate, and maintenance of biodiversity— that they provide, without which human civilizations could not thrive. Derived from the physical, biological, and chemical processes at work in natural ecosystems, these functions are seldom experienced directly by users of the resource.

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  • William Bentley is the principal of Salmon Brook Associates in North Granby CT. He recently retired as Professor of Forest Policy and Management at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse NY, where he was Chair, Faculty of Forest and Natural Resources Management. He taught forest and natural resource economics at Michigan, Yale and other universities, managed Forestry Research for the Crown Zellerbach Corporation in the 1970s, worked for the Ford Foundation in New Delhi, India, and later was a senior program officer with Winrock International.

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  • Around one third of our visits were to firms for whom financial services is not their main line of business and sell PPI as a tertiary product. Of these nearly a half had not properly engaged with their regulatory responsibilities and had in general failed to meet the standards of TCF and ICOB. Motor retailers have shown some of the biggest improvements since our earlier work, for instance, they have been proactive in changing their sales processes to better align them with TCF objectives.

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  • The foundation of human health rests on healthy, stable ecosystems. Our biotic environment provides us with the fundamentals necessary for healthy lives—food, water, oxygen, warmth, light, and fuel. Earth's ecosystems also supply the raw materials for our health-care services. The global fraying of ecosystems has grave implications for our health and our ability to treat illnesses, now and in the future.

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  • A detailed situational analysis of the nutrition situation in country, determinants of malnutrition and current nutrition interventions, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats can be found in annex 2. In brief, eighteen years of war and insecurity have had devastating effects on the nutrition and health status of the people of Somalia, which was already precarious even before.

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  • This 1993 document entitled "Assessment of Sources of Air, Water, and Land Pollution: A Guide to Rapid Source Inventory Techniques" provides techniques for conducting source inventories in Chapter 2 and describes models for estimating air emissions under current controls in Chapter 3. Appendix II includes the United Nations (UN) classification of industries and services.

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  • The idea for this book arose during the planning phases of an International Conference in Edmonton, Canada in July 2004 entitled “The Science of Changing Climates — Impacts on Agriculture, Forestry and Wetlands.” The conference was organized jointly by the Canadian Societies of Animal Science, Plant Science and Soil Science with support from Natural Resources Canada/Canadian Forest Service because they saw climate change as one of the most serious environmental problems facing the world....

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  • Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in farming. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect agriculture’s role as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

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  • Availability of fossil fuels became readily and abundantly available during the mid to latter part of the 20th century, and building design responded with mechanical and electrical systems that in many instances consumed the fuel excessively. Large single glazed areas caused over-heating, glare and solar discomfort in the summer, combined with cold draughts and high heat losses in the winter. Thermostatic control was often rudimentary and compensated by opening and closing windows accordingly.

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  • Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in agriculture. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry, as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

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  • There are awfully many introductory expositions of economics available. Why bother to write another? Well, think of economics as a gigantic architecture with deep cellar vaults and high towers. It has gorgeous dining halls, remote chambers, and balconies that allow breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. In this allegory, the author of a textbook is a guide and the readership a group of visitors taken on a tour of the complex. The architecture is large and the time the visitors may spend is short (moreover, they are easily bored and tire fast).

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  • The last quarter-century has seen increasing awareness of the interactions between human societies and the natural environment in which they thrive and upon which they depend. This awareness has been heightened by concerns about resource scarcity, environmental degradation, and global environmental issues. The combination of increased awareness of the environment and recognition of the primitive state of much of the nation’s environmental data has led to a widespread desire to supplement U.S. national economic accounts to include natural resources and environmental assets.

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  • Asset Management as a Framework to Address Uncertainty “Meeting agreed customer and environmental service levels while minimizing life cycle costs”.

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  • Public management reform is one of the most popular topics in the field of public administration. Both academics and practitioners have been actively involved in studying it. Researchers have published numerous articles and books examining the background, motives, concepts, strategies, implementation, effectiveness, and lessons of many reform policies and programs.

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  • As rates of deforestation and land degradation, and losses of biodiversity and ecosystem services, continue to rise globally, the international community is faced with the challenge of finding land use interventions that can mitigate or reduce the impact of these environmental issues. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in farming systems, has the potential for providing rural livelihoods and habitats for species outside formally protected lands, connecting nature reserves, and alleviating resourceuse pressure on conservation areas.

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  • Compared to other ecosystems, wetlands have received an exceptional amount of attention. Wetlands are valuable as sources, sink and transformers of a multitude of chemical, biological and genetic materials. They stabilize water supplies, clean polluted waters, protect shorelines, and recharge groundwater aquifers. They have increasingly become recognized for their unique ecological functions in the environment and are the focus of increased research by scientists and study programs by schools, communities, and nature centers.

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