Thyroid and parathyroid diseases are among the most frequent conditions we have to
deal with in a clinical setting. Both nodular and autoimmune diseases affecting these
glands have increased remarkably over the past decades. The widespread use of crosssectional
imaging and the introduction of neck ultrasonography have led to a thyroid
nodule epidemics and the diagnostic of neck lesions in half of the population.
Consequently, many patients with microscopic papillary thyroid cancers of uncertain
clinical significance are submitted to surgeries that may, perhaps, be unnecessary....
In a Global scenario, economically progressive nations have developed medical
sciences. But still it lacks precise information during the enhancement of potent drugs
to combat ailment, which is the legacy of the organisms that generate diseases. Rising
countries had long been perceived the threat, which at times, down the lane has been
the major factor for magnanimous economic disaster and human poverty. Lot of
resources was put into force by the world community to abscond the microbial fauna
and genetically inherited diseases to contain them within the safe limits.
From HIV to influenza, the battle between infectious agents and the immune system is at the heart of disease. Knowledge of how and why parasites vary to escape recognition by the immune system is central to vaccine design, the control of epidemics, and our fundamental understanding of parasite ecology and evolution. As the first comprehensive synthesis of parasite variation at the molecular, population, and evolutionary levels, this book is essential reading for students and researchers throughout biology and biomedicine....
Stressing major themes in the history of medicine, this Second Edition stimulates further exploration of the events, methodologies, and theories that shaped medical practices in decades past and in modern clinical practice-highlighting the practices of civilizations around the world, as well as the research of pioneering scientists and physicians who contributed to our current understanding of health and disease
The book is not intended as a handbook for the nursery; many such exist, and many of them are of great merit.
Neither has it the worse than idle pretence of telling people how to treat their children's illnesses, without the
help of a doctor. Its object is to give a description of the diseases of early life, such as may help a mother to
understand something of their nature and symptoms, to save her from needless anxiety as to their issue, and to
enable her wisely to second the doctor in his endeavours for their cure....
The quality of water, whether it is used for drinking, irrigation or recreational purposes, is
significant for health in both developing and developed countries worldwide. Water
quality can have a major impact on health, both through outbreaks of waterborne disease
and by contributing to the background rates of disease. Accordingly, countries develop
water quality standards to protect public health.
Use of Fungi for Insect Control
- Issues, Developments & Research Needs
• Classification • Pathogenesis • Why fungi as BCA’s? • Commercialization
• Registration • Some examples • Research
Agriculture and Agriculture et Agri-Food Canada Agroalimentaire Canada
There are a lot of references of rickettsioses acquired by travellers and considered imported
diseases (McDonald et al., 1988; Bottieau et al. 2006; Freedman et al., 2006; Askling et al.
2009; Chen & Wilson, 2009; Jensenius et al., 2009; Stokes & Walters, 2009).
Nowadays ticks cause most travel-associated rickettsioses. Ticks are considered to be one of
the most important vectors of infectious diseases in the world, preceded only by
mosquitoes. Therefore, tick-borne rickettsioses are endemic all over the world (Hechemy et
Rickettsioses have been a threat all along the History and nowadays they are an important
cause of morbi-mortality in some areas of the world. To know the distribution of the
different diseases caused by these bacteria and how the clinical pictures are recognized may
be essential for a quick diagnoses and starting the correct treatment. Some of these infections
can be also easily prevented with basic rules. Main rickettsioses with their distribution area
are showed in the table 1.
General symptoms include morning stiffness of more than 60 minutes, fatigue, sometimes
even slightly elevated temperature, but the main initial symptom is low back pain at night
and in the morning. All patients with low back pain should be questioned about a positive
family history concerning rheumatic diseases, as the risk of developing this illness is higher
in patients where family members already have been diagnosed with ankylosing
Resistance towards the responsible pathogens are also seen in developed countries. The
situation has worsened often due to limited resource available to investigate and provide
reliable susceptibility data on which rational treatments can be based as well as means to
optimize the use of antimicrobial agents. The emergence of multi-drug-resistant isolates in
tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections and diarrhea, often referred to as diseases of
poverty, has had its greatest toll in developing countries.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) or multiple personality disorder is assumed to have its
onset in childhood, but it is usually diagnosed in the fourth decade. It affects
preponderantly women and typically runs a chronic, waxing and waning course.
Comorbidities with other conditions (such as mood disorders and substance abuse) and its
plethora of clinical manifestations may hinder timely diagnosing.
The growing worldwide epidemic of metabolic syndrome and other chronic degenerative
diseases continues to expand, with a rapid decrease in the age at which they are being
diagnosed (Guarnieri et al.; 2010; Hsueh & Wyne, 2011). Metabolic syndrome is a multifactorial
disorder, strongly influenced by several lifestyle factors, with symptoms clustering
on abnormalities that include obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance and
insulin resistance (Guarnieri et al.; 2010; Tanaka et al.; 2006).
The 2004 Climate Plan outlines a series of programs designed to cut 72 million tons of
carbon dioxide emissions annually, beyond the scope of France's commitments under
the Kyoto Protocol. The European Union's burden-sharing approach to the Kyoto
Protocol calls on France to freeze its greenhouse gas emissions at 1990 levels over the
2008-2012 period, an objective that government officials say will require annual
reductions of 54 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.
Health Systems and the "Brain Drain"
A significant and oft-invoked barrier to effective health care in resourcepoor settings is the lack of medical personnel. In what is termed the brain drain, many physicians and nurses emigrate from their home countries to pursue opportunities abroad, leaving behind health systems that are understaffed and illequipped to deal with the epidemic diseases that ravage local populations.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Theoretical basis to measure the impact of shortlasting control of an infectious disease on the epidemic peak...
The purpose of this technical note is to provide health professionals in United Nations agencies, non-
governmental organizations, donor agencies and local authorities working with populations affected by
emergencies with up-to-date technical guidance on the major communicable disease threats faced by the
cyclone-affected population in Myanmar.
The endemic and epidemic-prone diseases indicated have been selected on the basis of the burden of
morbidity, mortality and epidemic potential in the area, as previously documented by WHO.
In the traditional region of Northern Nigeria, Pathfinder has struggled to promote the use of modern
contraceptive methods to delay and space pregnancies. Traditional communities in this area generally see
children as a gift from God and, assured that He will provide for their families, resist limiting their family size
or spacing women’s pregnancies. Sexuality is not openly discussed, so reaching families with RH/FP information
and services has been difficult.