Epidemiological evidence

Xem 1-20 trên 76 kết quả Epidemiological evidence
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Concurrency revisited: increasing and compelling epidemiological evidence

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  • This book describes different perspectives of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The approach includes aspects of molecular epidemiology, particularly molecular features that influence the genesis and prognosis of the disease. Some aspects of the prognosis of lymphoblastic leukemias are very detailed, highlighting the use of molecular biology in the early identification of complications that may occur in diseased patients.

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  • As the global epidemic of diabetes continues to expand, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is predicted to double in the next 20 years. Continued population growth, increasing age, and worldwide globalization leading to changes in diet and patterns of physical inactivity have resulted in staggering numbers of individuals affected by the disease. A haphazard approach to treatment for a problem of this magnitude could easily overburden the healthcare system, particularly in areas of the world with limited resources.

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  • Evidence-based dermatology is no longer a swear word in dermatology. Most dermatologists are practising good evidence-based dermatology to different degrees. The challenge is to improve those skills. This book may help you. This book has a been labour of love for me, my associate editors and chapter contributors and I wish to thank them all for their efforts.

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  • The global environment is changing rapidly, partly in response to economic globalization. These global changes are clearly evident at the local level, even in the quality of air that people breath. In some high income countries air quality has been improving, due to a combination of de-industrialization, improved technologies and environmental regulation. However, advances in the science of epidemiology suggest that even air that would until recently have been considered ‘clean’ may contain pollutants that are hazardous to people’s health.

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  • This book has been written to enable health care workers to understand the principles of managing an acute medical emergency safely and effectively.To achieve this aim it provides a structured approach to medical emergencies, describing relevant pathophysiology that will also help to explain physical signs and the rationale behind treatment.The first edition of this manual (written by Terry Wardle) has undergone significant modification directed by the working group and also, in particular, candidates from the first MedicALS courses.

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  • Thus, in living cells, the rates of anterograde and retrograde transport between the two organelles appear to have a substantial effect on the morphology of the Golgi. The effect of the balance between anterograde and retrograde transport on the morphology of the ER remains to be explored. Recently, increasing evidence has suggested that alteration in Golgi morphology during mitosis is not a passive process but rather an active one, which is highly coordinated with entry into mitosis and its progression.

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  • The patient admitted to the hospital is already an individual who is at risk because of an underlying pathology that requires inpatient care. When patients decline, they have evidence of clinical deterioration (hypoxia, hypotension, tachypnoea, tachycardia, altered level of consciousness) that is often documented in the medical record 8 to 48 hours prior to a crisis being detected

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  • Cardiovascular emergencies account for 30–40% of an acute medical workload that has grown inexorably over the last two decades. The same period has also witnessed unprecedented changes in the classification, investigation and treatment of acute cardiac problems, driven by advances in basic sciences, pharmacology and technology, but above all by a proliferating body of evidence from controlled trials.

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  • Now in its fifth edition, this best-selling, multidisciplinary textbook continues to draw on the skills of pharmacists and clinicians to present optimal drug regimens. The authors integrate an understanding of the disease processes with an appreciation of pathophysiological processes, clinical pharmacy and the evidence base.

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  • The benefit-to-risk ratio of blood products needs constant evaluation. Blood products, as therapeutic agents, have had the test of time but lack the evidence we expect from other medicinals. Blood, an organ, is used as a pharmaceutical agent by the medical profession, due to the achievements in collection, processing, banking, and distribution. The fact that the most common risk of blood transfusion isblood delivery error supports the notion that blood is handled as a pharmaceutical agent.

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  • Hemodynamic monitoring is one of the major diagnostic tools available in the acute care setting to diagnose cardiovascular insufficiency and monitor changes over time in response to interventions. However, in recent years, the rationale and efficacy of hemodynamic monitoring to affect outcome has come into question. We now have increasing evidence that outcome from critical illness can be improved by focused resuscitation based on existing hemodynamic monitoring, whereas non-specific aggressive resuscitation impairs survival.

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  • Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4% per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER). On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients, previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition with which we still do not know how to manage properly....

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  • There is growing evidence on the importance of studies focusing on mechanisms and strategies leading to cancer prevention. The plethora of approaches include regulation of oxidative stress using antioxidant therapies, carefully balanced diets and living habits, epidemiological evidence and molecular approaches on the role of key biological molecules such as antioxidant enzymes, vitamins, proteins and naturally occurring free radical scavengers as well as controversial results and clinical applications. These are some of the topics that this book highlights.

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  • Demographic and epidemiological transitions and changes in lifestyle are leading to the emergence of cancer and other chronic diseases as public health problems in India. Cancer pattern in India reveals the predominance of tobacco related cancers, which are amenable to primary prevention. Cancer Registries in different parts of the country reveal that majority of cancer cases present in an advanced stage and makes treatment options prolonged and expensive.

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  • This study examines how different types of performance measures were weighted in a subjective balanced scorecard bonus plan adopted by a major financial services firm. Drawing upon economic and psychological studies on performance evaluation and compensation criteria, we develop hypotheses regarding the weights placed on different types of measures.

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  • The series Essentials in Ophthalmology was initiated two years ago to expedite the timely transfer of new information in vision science and evidence-based medicine into clinical practice. We thought that this prospicient idea would be moved and guided by a resolute commitment to excellence. It is reasonable to now update our readers with what has been achieved.

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  • Increasing evidence suggests that serious mental illness is neurodevelopmental and the onset of pre-psychotic symptoms occurs in adolescence, at a time when the cerebral cortex is still developing. As with many complex disorders (e.g. hypertension, epilepsy, and diabetes), there appear to be many aetiological pathways that might lead to the final mixture of behavioral signs and symptoms we label ‘schizophrenia’.

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  • Latex intolerance has become an increasingly important concept and diagnosis. In this textbook, we have aimed to cover all aspects of latex allergy including contact urticaria, irritation, and allergic contact dermatitis. An evidence-based and practical approach has been taken to describe the epidemiology, basic science, clinical presentation, management, and prognosis of the varied manifestations of natural rubber latex intolerance.

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  • Popular American films penetrate nearly every aspect of contemporaryWestern life, and to an only somewhat lesser degreemost all cultures of the world. Historically, there are powerful sociological, cultural, economic, and even political reasons for this, but we would also argue thatHollywood-style filmhas evolved so that filmmakers havemore control over the attention of filmgoers (Smith 2006) and, in essence, the humanmind. One source of evidence concerns the changing pattern of shot lengths.

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