Epidemiology and risk factors

Xem 1-20 trên 74 kết quả Epidemiology and risk factors
  • Oxidative stress state is involved in the aging process as well as in a vast array of pathological conditions, including atherosclerosis, cardiovascular complications, diabetes, cancer, and neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases.

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  • Document "Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis" presentation of content: Epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk factors, diagnosis, management, summary, references.

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  • Several filers reported suspected Ponzi schemes where subjects gathered client funds for investment in commercial real estate or real estate securities without actually purchasing the underlying assets. A hedge fund claimed to invest millions in CMBS and credit derivatives, but the filer found no evidence of CMBS ownership. The hedge fund primarily bought long-term certificates of deposit earning minimal interest, which were inconsistent with the fund’s investment strategy. In addition, the filer noted many small client deposits, consistent with a Ponzi scheme.

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  • According to Rubinow, the “one receptor-one action” model of hormone action has been overturned by the robust evidence for action of steroid hormones through both nuclear and membrane receptors, and by the mounting evidence for the role of co-regulators in modulation of hormone action. Rubinow argued that the same hormone may simultaneously exert opposite effects on the same system (e.g., cell survival), and these effects can change with time. More research in this area is needed to understand why women respond differently to the same hormonal stimuli.

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  • Under the base enrollment scenario, the ACA is predicted to result in an additional 900,000 individuals enrolling in Medi-Cal by 2014, increasing to 1.2 million by 2019. is includes an estimated 500,000 individuals predicted to be enrolled in county Low-Income Health Programs who will be automatically enrolled in Medi-Cal in 2014.12 Under the enhanced scenario, with a more aggressive enrollment and outreach strategy, additional Medi-Cal enrollment would reach 1.4 million by 2014 and 1.6 million by 2019.

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  • There was also a link from dress reform to physical fitness and a greater emphasis on health. Writers on dress and hygiene reform placed emphasis on the need for women to be fit and active for their roles as future mothers of a healthy nation and race of people. Pamela Gilbert argues in The Citizen’s Body that the discourse of hygienic and sanitary reform was articulated as a form of control and was linked to greater socio-political questions: The management of the social body through public medicine and discourses of health became the principal discourse with which to...

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  • Green projects – particularly sustainable energy sources and clean technology - include multiple technologies, at different stages of maturity. The appropriate type of financing will be chosen according to the stage of development of the technologies. For example venture capital financing is normally suited for un-proven and un-tested technologies, while project financing is used for mature technologies such as wind and solar.

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  • When an investor controls an investee, consolidation is required. The parent investor must prepare consolidated statements, to enable investors (and others) to see the assets, liabili- ties, revenues, and expenses of the entire economic entity, consisting of the parent and all of its subsidiaries. When consolidated statements are prepared, the investment account relating to a con- trolled subsidiary disappears entirely from the balance sheet. Instead, the subsidiary’s assets and liabilities are added to those of the parent and reported together as a single economic entity.

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  • The heart is situated in the thorax and the main physiological functions of heart are: dominating the blood and vessels, opening into the tongue and, supporting the mind. The blood circulation relies on the cooperation between the heart and the vessels, dominating the blood and vessels means that the heart is the motive force for blood circulation, whilst the vessels are the physical structures which contain and circulate the blood. With the heart being of primary importance. Supporting the mind means thinking is related to the physiological functions of the heart.

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  • Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in the developing world. 1 In Kenya it kills more people, male or female, than any other cancer and creates a heavy burden for women in the prime of life, for their families, and for the health care system. Age-standardized rates for Eastern Africa are among the highest in the world and are more than three times the rates in Europe and North America, where intensive screening programs and readily available treatment have brought cervical cancer incidence down from similarly high levels nearly a century ago.

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  • The incentive limits are based on actual payments per facility, and apply even if payments for some or all projects are paid to one or more contractors. A facility is defined as a continuous property for which a single customer is responsible for paying the Consumers Energy electricity and/or gas bill. A customer is defined as the organization under which the company (or companies) are owned or operated, regardless of who is responsible for paying the bill. Prescriptive Incentive Caps The amount of a prescriptive incentive cannot exceed 100 percent of the cost of the project.

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  • Registration of animals. Farmers are selected based on their willingness for implementing the ration balancing programme. Animals yielding 5 litres and higher milk per day identified for the ration balancing programme are first ear tagged with a unique 12 digit number. Details of the animal, e.g. species, breed, age, milking status (lactating/dry), number of calvings, last calving date and pregnancy status are captured. Along with the animal’s details, the owner’s profile, e.g.

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  • PXS operates in cycles. During every cycle, a trading agent can place new orders and/or withdraw some of its previously placed orders. When placing a buy order, the agent specifies the number of shares it wishes to purchase and the highest price per share it is willing to pay. PXS sorts the buy orders by price into a buy order book, with the most competitive (highest-priced) orders at the top of the book. Likewise, a sell order states the amount of stock being sold and the lowest price per share the seller is willing to accept. PXS sorts the sell orders into a sell order book,...

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  • I wish to thank Dr. Quazi Shahabuddin, Research Director, BIDS and Dr. Paul Dorosh, Chief of Party, FMRSP IFPRI, Dhaka for their valuable comments on an earlier version of this Report. In estimating consumption of poultry products, the research has largely used the primary data generated by the Flood Impact Study, FMRSP IFPRI, Dhaka which was led by Dr. Carlo Del Ninno. I gratefully acknowledge the generous help offered by him in this respect. I have also benefited from the extremely useful and constructive comments made by Dr. Chris Delgado on an earlier draft of this report.

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  • Health plans with Medicaid experience were positioned to respond more quickly than others to language service requirements. Their knowledge of language services, derived from responding to existing MediCal requirements and serving diverse populations, has provided a foundation for new efforts. This is less likely to be the case with commercial-only plans that face a steeper learning curve.

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  • At the end of the day what counts here is not whether a person making war could successfully justify the action in some court of theology against the best religious scholars or religious judges of his or her tradition. In many cases, as suggested above, the argument cuts both ways and the leaders of war are rarely put to such a test. What concerns us is the way in which leaders can use the a religious justification for war in a way that people will follow them to war, to...

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  • Cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, strokes and diseases of other arteries, is a major cause of early death and disability. For many years the major markers of disease risk have been well recognised: these include high blood cholesterol levels and smoking. But it has also been recognised that these markers do not account for all cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, treatments that are highly effective in altering these markers, for instance the ‘statin’ drugs used to lower cholesterol, do not remove risk entirely: typically they reduce it by about 30% or less.

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  • In this vein UNCTADs contribution will continue to focus on: the benefits and challenges arising from international trade in insurance services, regulatory challenges arising from domestic implementation as well as in relation to the GATS, measures to overcome supply side constraints and build domestic capacity in the insurance sector, the role of the Government both as a regulator and a provider of insurance services, likely impacts of emerging global and technological trends in the insurance sector and in relation to the GATS assisting developing countries in their ongoing and evolv...

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  • Childhood obesity has been one of the major problems for children in the last century and it still is a widespread condition all over the world. The metabolic effect of early- onset obesity is more severe in children than in adults. This process may start in early infancy or even in the uterus. Obesity in children is a very complex and difficult issue for endocrinologists. This book aims to draw attention to the various aspects of this disease.

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  • These related changes have locked the global economy and global ecology together in new ways. We have in the past been concerned about the impacts of economic growth upon the environment. We are now forced to concern ourselves with the impacts of ecological stress - degradation of soils, water regimes, atmosphere, and forests upon our economic prospects. We have in the more recent past been forced to face up to a sharp increase in economic interdependence among nations. We are now forced to accustom ourselves to an accelerating ecological interdependence among nations.

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