The essential role of epidemiology is to improve the health of populations. Advances
in epidemiology research are expected to play a central role in medicine and public
health in the 21st century by providing information for disease prediction and
This book represents an overview on the diverse threads of epidemiological research
in that captures the new and exciting themes that have been emerging over recent
This book on investigative electrocardiography is addressed to investigators who are
using electrocardiology as a research tool in epidemiological or clinical research or
in investigations on possible adverse responses of new pharmacological agents. The
primary emphasis of the book is on prognostic implications of ECG abnormalities in
the conditions covered, including the prevalence and incidence of ECG abnormalities in
We excluded from our book cardiac disorders with a relatively low population prevalence
that otherwise may be of great clinical interest.
Tham khảo sách 'oral health care – pediatric, research, epidemiology and clinical practices edited by mandeep singh virdi', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the field of
epidemiology, bridging the gap between standard textbooks of epidemiology and
publications for specialists with a narrow focus on specific areas. It reviews the
key issues, methodological approaches and statistical concepts pertinent to the
field for which the reader seeks a detailed overview. It thus serves both as a first
orientation for the interested reader and a starting point for an in-depth study of
a specific area, as well as a quick reference and a summarizing overview for the
This book describes different perspectives of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The approach includes aspects of molecular epidemiology, particularly molecular features that influence the genesis and prognosis of the disease. Some aspects of the prognosis of lymphoblastic leukemias are very detailed, highlighting the use of molecular biology in the early identification of complications that may occur in diseased patients.
Research objectives: To describe some epidemiological characteristics of lower RTIs of mountainous married women at reproductive age in Thai Nguyen in 2012; to determine factors of lower RTIs of mountainous married women at reproductive age in Thai Nguyen; to evaluate the effect of RTIs prevention solutions for mountainous women in Thanh Cong commune, Pho Yen district, Thai Nguyen province after 2 years of intervention.
This print-based, self-study course provides public health and other healthcare professionals with basic epidemiology principles, concepts, and procedures used in the surveillance and investigation of health-related events. This resource contains key features and applications of descriptive and analytic epidemiology, an in-depth study of public health surveillance, and a step-by-step description of outbreak investigations.
Lecture Microbiology - Chapter 15: Epidemiology and nosocomial infections. This chapter presents the following content: Infectious disease spread, epidemiological terms, diseases in populations, disease spread, reservoirs of infection,...
The development and rapid implementation of molecular genotyping methods have revolutionized
the possibility for differentiation and classification of microorganisms at the
subspecies level. Investigation of the species diversity is required to determine molecular
relatedness of isolates for epidemiological studies. Methods for molecular epidemiology
of microorganisms must be highly reproducible and provide effective discrimination of
epidemiologically unrelated strains.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide.
Because early detection is rare, the overall prognosis is generally poor.
Understanding of the etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, molecular biology,
and clinical features of HCC is important in providing optimal patient care. In addition,
understanding of the limitations of our current knowledge and therapeutic
capabilities is essential in order to guide future research efforts.
Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing
importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The
relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening
acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications
affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal,
cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.
The successful epidemiologic evaluation of any particular disease
or condition has several prerequisites. Two of the most important
prerequisites are that the condition should be accurately defi ned
and that there should be measurable outcomes of interest.
Another requirement is that there must be some systematic way
of data collection or surveillance that will allow the measurement
of the outcomes of interest and associated risk factors. The epidemiologic
evaluation of critical illness associated with pregnancy
has met with mixed success on all of these counts....
It is hard to imagine that less than fifteen years ago building and fire
codes specific to the construction of a wafer fabrication facility were just in
the process of being developed. Detection and evaluation of leaking underground
storage tanks and epidemiological health studies aimed at qualifying
and quantifying our “cleanroom” image were in their infancy stages and Cal-
OSHA had just completed the first in-depth study of the industry’s chemical
processes and associated industrial hygiene exposures....
Heart failure is the end stage of all diseases of the heart and is a
major cause of morbidity and mortality. It is estimated to
account for about 5% of admissions to hospital medical wards,
with over 100 000 annual admissions in the United Kingdom.
The overall prevalence of heart failure is 3
20 per 1000
population, although this exceeds 100 per 1000 in those aged
65 years and over. The annual incidence of heart failure is 1
per 1000, and the relative incidence doubles for each decade of
life after the age of 45 years.
Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4%
per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according
to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER).
On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an
established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients,
previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition
with which we still do not know how to manage properly....
and gait is mostly derived from studies that measured
and reported EF as a composite score [12,18,19]. Relatively
few studies have focused on the age-related deficits
in specific components of executive function and
most of these studies were based on a traditional set of
tests of executive function, without detailing specific
components. The conclusions drawn from these studies
might, therefore, be limited by their methodologies. The
putative executive measures might not load on a single
executive construct, and might overlap with each other
The prognosis for individuals with liver cancer is frequently poor. Cancers include those which have metastasized to the liver from elsewhere, reflecting advanced stage disease where cure is rarely possible. Similarly, primary liver cancer frequently complicates chronic liver disease, which further limits therapeutic options. Despite these dismal facts, there are signs that change is imminent. Not only have imaging modalities and surgical techniques improved, but preventive strategies and medical therapies show promise.
Candida species are opportunistic fungal pathogens which cause severe infections in
immunocompromised patients. Due to the profound developments in medical care, the number
of immunocompromised patients has increased, and so has the number of life-threatening
Candida infections1. At present, Candida is the 4th most common bloodstream pathogen in
North America and ranks 8th in Europe13,19.
Oxidative stress state is involved in the aging process as well as in a vast array of
pathological conditions, including atherosclerosis, cardiovascular complications, diabetes,
cancer, and neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases.