Equity evaluation

Xem 1-20 trên 23 kết quả Equity evaluation
  • Elusive Equity documents South Africa’s efforts to create a racially equitable state education system from the ashes of apartheid education. Edward Fiske and Helen Ladd describe and evaluate the strategies that South African policy makers have pursued in their quest for equity. They draw on previously unpublished data, interviews with key officials, and visits to dozens of schools to describe the changes made to school financing, teacher allocation, governance, curriculum, and other areas.

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Value the divisions of public companies, evaluate the price paid for acquired companies, and test for the impairment of goodwill and the development of fair value estimates.

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  • As a child growing up in the 1960s, I always wondered what the celebrated “Roaring” 1920s were like. This was said to be a wild and crazy time that most adults remembered fondly, like a favorite uncle, and yet the end of the decade had left a bad taste in everyone’s mouth, as if that uncle had died a violent death before his time. How could such great times end so badly? The “bad” 1930s immediately following were a distant time in the past to me, and yet well within the memory of many adults I knew (excluding my parents, who, as late 1940s immigrants, did not have...

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  • Private investors may need to isolate their cash flows to debt , usually only a single mortgage, from the cash flows to equity, usually their savings. Private investors may need this information to record any shortfall between rent received and loan interest, for personal income tax measurement.

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  • To derive private cash flow, we begin by calculating overall project cash flow.The private cash flow is the cash flow on the investor’s own funds or ‘equity’.

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  • Business Angels increasingly co-invest with other angels and with early stage funds to fill the early- stage equity gap. Business Angel networks (BANs) facilitate the matching of investment demand and supply; they aim to organize and link angels, as well as to attract prospective investment targets (investees) to angels and match both parties for business contacts. Such networks come in a number of forms; some are more like investment clubs, while others are set up on a regional or national basis. Some networks concentrate on a certain industry or sector.

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  • Assurance technology: Develop a sound scientific and technological basis, including formal methods and computational frameworks, for assured design, construction, analysis, evaluation, and implementation of reliable, robust, safe, secure, stable, and certifiably dependable systems regardless of size, scale, complexity, and heterogeneity; develop software and system engineering tool capabilities to achieve application and problem domain-based assurance, and broadly embed these capabilities within the system engineering process; reduce the effort, time, and cost of assurance (“a...

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  • The class will contain a mixture of standard lectures, guest speakers, and case discussions. Topics covered will span the real estate equity and debt markets, both public and private. The bulk of the course focuses on commercial or income-producing real estate, but we will spend some time studying the housing markets. Grading will be based on five assignments that will constitute 90% of your final grade. There are four longer cases and one shorter case. Case #3 constitutes 10% of your grade. The other four cases each constitute 20% of your grade. ...

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  • Prior to this reform, saving banks could only issue preferred stock without any political rights and subject to limits on the amount of preferred stock that a person or group of people could hold. This of course limited the attractiveness of the instrument and therefore the ability to issue it in efficient, competitive conditions. Now, saving banks will have the possibility to incorporate voting rights to the preferred stock issued in proportion to the share that they represent on total equity. Stocks can be issued up to a maximum of 50% of total equity of the Saving...

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  • This volume has a simple aim: to provide researchers and analysts with a step-bystep practical guide to the measurement of a variety of aspects of health equity. Each chapter includes worked examples and computer code. We hope that these guides, and the easy-to-implement computer routines contained in them, will stimulate yet more analysis in the fi eld of health equity, especially in developing countries.

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  • Evaluating mutual fund performance is a topic of long-standing interest in the academic literature, but few if any studies have addressed the selection of an optimal portfolio of funds. Instead of using the historical data to estimate performance measures or produce fund rank- ings, this study uses the data to explore the mutual-fund investment decision.

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  • One issue with using portfolio holdings to evaluate fund performance is that the disclosed data reveal information about the major equity positions at particular dates but do not indicate the exact purchase and sale dates. As a result, the exact holding period of securities is unknown. Furthermore, some funds may window-dress their portfolios to hide their actual investment strategy from their investors or from competing funds, as shown byMeier and Schaumburg (2004).

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  • In addition to retained earnings or profi ts, fi rms can access investment capital from a number of other sources: banks; the sharemarket; private equity; the venture capital market; and informal capital markets. Improving fi nancial development in these markets can stimulate economic growth. The Milken Institute’s Capital Access Index evaluates the ability of business to access capital across all sources. New Zealand is ranked 15th in the OECD on this index, at the OECD mean and below countries such as the United Kingdom, the United States, Denmark, and Australia.

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  • This is a good time for a review of the academic literature on evaluating portfolio performance, concentrating on professionally managed invest- ment portfolios. While the literature goes back to before the 1960s, recent years have witnessed an explosion of new methods for perfor- mance evaluation and new evidence on the subject. We think that several forces have contributed to this renaissance. The demand for research on managed portfolio performance increased as mutual funds and related investment vehicles became more important to investors in the 1980s and 1990s.

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  • The papers of Long and Merton suggested interest rates and infla- tion as risk factors, but their models did not fully specify what all the hedge portfolios should be, or how many there should be. The APT specifies the factors only in a loose statistical sense. This leaves it up to empirical research to identify the risk factors or hedge portfolios. Chen et al. (1986) empirically evaluated several likely economic factors, and Chen et al. (1987) used these in an evaluation of equity mutual funds.

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  • In this paper we critically evaluate the standard-setting inferences that can be drawn from value relevance research studies that are motivated by standard setting. Our evaluation concentrates on the theories of accounting, standard setting and valuation that underlie those inferences. Unless those underlying theories are descriptive of accounting, standard setting and valuation, the value-relevance literature’s reported associations between accounting numbers and common equity valuations have limited implications or inferences for standard setting; they are mere associations.

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  • Our paper offers two contributions to the literature: First, we investigate RNDs for the German stock market, which is the largest stock market in the euro area. Second, we evaluate whether a comprehensive set of factors can explain the changes in the uncertainty about future equity prices. Hence, we analyse which types of information affect the perceptions about future stock market movements as contained in DAX option prices.

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  • A security stress test involves evaluating the price sensitivity of a security, or a portfolio, over a number of different interest rate changes. To identify and measure portfolio risk, maintain duration of equity limits, and adhere to sound investment practices, FHLBanks are required to estimate the value of their investment portfolios for different parallel interest rate changes. However, since parallel shifts rarely occur, FHLBanks should, in general, also measure portfolio value changes for non-parallel shifts, such as yield curve steepening and flattening scenarios.

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  • This course investigates theory and practice of financial management from a corporate perspective. Topics cover financial management objectives, principles of capital investment, project evaluation techniques, capital structure decisions, financing techniques, dividend policy, working capital management and elements of risk management.

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  • In this chapter you will get an overview of how the U.S. government raises and spends money, examine the efficiency costs of taxes, learn alternative ways to judge the equity of a tax system, see why studying tax incidence is crucial for evaluating tax equity, consider the tradeoff between efficiency and equity in the design of a tax system.

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