Land management is presently undergoing enormous change: away
from managing single resources to managing ecosystems. From forest
to tundra, to desert, to steppe, the world’s ecosystems vary vastly.
To manage them effectively we need to understand their geographic distribution
better. We need to do this at various levels of detail because
ecosystems exist at multiple scales in a hierarchy, from regional to local.
Maps are needed to display ecosystem distribution and hierarchy.
Until now, information on defining ecosystem boundaries has been
This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination.
The sequence stratigraphy units of the Quaternary sediments at the continental shelf of Vietnam have been compared with the lithofacies and depositional cycles in relation to sea level changes. During the regression phases corresponding to the lowstand systems tract has being formed the alluvial lithofacies, shelf deltaic complex and shelf edge fans complex. The maximum regression remarked by erosion boundaries has corresponded with the lowstand sea level characterized by the slope fan turbiditte complex.
engineered solutions often work against nature, particularly when they aim to constrain regular
ecological cycles, such as annual river flooding and coastal erosion, and could further threaten
ecosystem services if creation of dams, sea walls, and flood canals leads to habitat loss.