Xem 1-20 trên 117 kết quả Especially costly
  • You use Cost Center Accounting for controlling purposes within your organization. The costs incurred by your organization should be transparent. This enables you to check the profitability of individual functional areas and provide decision-making data for management. This requires that all costs be assigned according to their source. However, source-related assignment is especially difficult for overhead costs. Cost Center Accounting lets you analyze the overhead costs according to where they were incurred within the organization....

    pdf65p transang3 30-09-2012 39 14   Download

  • An engineer, procure and construct (EPC) contract is a form of D&B contract under which a design engineer or firm of design consultants heads a team which includes an experienced contractor and perhaps a plant supplier. The promoter specifies his project requirements in outline which the team designs in detail in continued liaison with him. The EPC organization arranges and manages construction, letting specialist work packages out as necessary to suitable sub-contractors.

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  • The crucial assumption that allows as to solve the two-good model relatively simply is the ability of the shoppers to combine purchases from two stores without incurring additional cost. This assumption can be justi ed for internet shopping or the cases when as Stahl, II (1989) puts it \Casual empiricism suggests that there is a non-negligible measure of consumers who seem to derive enjoyment from shopping itself".

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  • You use Cost Center Accounting for controlling purposes within your organization. The costs incurred by your organization should be transparent. This enables you to check the profitability of individual functional areas and provide decision-making data for management. This requires that all costs be assigned according to their source. However, source-related assignment is especially difficult for overhead costs. Cost Center Accounting lets you analyze the overhead costs according to where they were incurred within the organization....

    pdf64p greengrass304 15-09-2012 22 2   Download

  • Accidents not only cause human suffering, they also cost money, for example in lost working hours, training temporary staff, insurance premiums, fines and managers’ time. By using safe, well-maintained equipment operated by adequately trained staff, you can help prevent accidents and reduce these personal and financial costs. This leaflet does not give details about the law, but gives practical information about what you should do. For some operations you will need more detailed information.

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  • The questionnaire consisted of both multiple choice questions and qualitative questions. The quantitative questions focused on two main areas: (a) the usefulness of the course and various course components for the enhancement of the students’ academic writing skills and abilities, and (b) the usefulness of the course in helping them write their other course-work related assignments and research reports.

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  • However, China’s industry is dependent on non-wood fibers (largely agricultural residues) at a 3:1 ratio over wood fiber. This suggests a concentration of many smaller operations. In fact, China’s rapid agricultural growth since 1978 provided fiber for eight-fold growth in the production of smaller papermills between 1984 and 1992 (CTAPI (1993)). The smaller mills have been rapid innovators, but they remain especially environmentally intrusive. They are dependent on pollution control technologies that are not as effective for non-wood fibers.

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  • This ASTRA network paper examines barriers to accessing reproductive health services and supplies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The paper finds that reproductive health is not prioritised in government policies: they lack a commitment to recognise reproductive health supplies as an important component of public health and human rights and there is no adequate legislation and policy in this area. Condoms are widely available, but their cost is often high, especially for young people.

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  • The United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has declared 2009 the International Year of Natural Fibers so we are using Wildlife Friendly certified plant and animal fibers, specifically yarn as a mini case to illustrate how you can pull together the guidance in this document for your product. Market Trends and relevance to Wildlife Friendly yarns - The past few years have seen an explosive interest in knitting and corresponding growth in yarn sales especially with a younger demographic of women.

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  • Changes to the UCITS directive introduced in 2001 extended the scope of eligible assets for UCITS to new classes of assets. 6 As a result, UCITS managers now invest in a much greater number of countries and in more complex instruments than in 1985. As more investment opportunities arise in different third country jurisdictions, the necessity to appoint sub- custodians in these jurisdictions increases. Despite the enlargement of eligible investment instruments, the UCITS Directive does not define the conditions applicable in case a depositary delegates custody to a sub-custodian.

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  • Standardised, regularly available indicators to explain market developments for microfinance in Europe do not yet exist, or refer to Eastern Europe. Thus, we will focus in this section on the framework conditions for microfinance which are covered by the regularly updated Eurostat indicators for poverty and social inclusion, and by data on micro-enterprises. Specific aspects of the current crisis will be discussed later in this paper.

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  • Seventh, the study is the only one which gives important policy implications, reporting them in turn in each empirical chapter. This is the first study on Thailand which discusses the effect of the Thai government’s encouragement of individual savings by adopting special fund styles which give favourable tax treatment. We reveal the policy implications of this action by assessing these specific funds in a separate group from general funds, before comparing and discussing the results from the two groups. ...

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  • Poultry in 2006 our country has about 215 million children. Song epidemic of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 virus broke out in almost all provinces in the country from early 2004 to far as millions of birds have been destroyed. H5N1 epidemic has caused great impact both in terms economic and social area. The question arises: how to limit this dangerous disease and war translated by vaccine inoculation has to be a useful tool? This study aims to classify poultry production system with the obstacles encountered in each system, especially the risk of disease...

    pdf8p thulanh2 07-09-2011 36 6   Download

  • The Project Board is the executive authority of a project. It authorizes the project to proceed, change direction or stop. It enters in to a contract with the Project Manager through the Project Initiation, Project and Stage Plans, to provide the executive support and resources required to execute a project which will deliver the specified products to schedule and budget. In effect, the Project Board acts as the project guardians, enabling the Project Manager and Project Team to do their job protected "from the arrows of outrageous fortune".

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  • Section 619 of Dodd-Frank (the “Volcker Rule”) generally prohibits any banking entity, including affi liates of banks, from the following (all of which are subject to a number of exceptions): (i) engaging in, sponsoring or investing in a “covered fund” (e.g., a hedge fund, pri- vate equity fund, and numerous other private funds and pooled investment vehicles), and (ii) having certain rela- tionships with a covered fund.

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  • Balanced and coordinated advances within these research areas will pave the way to meeting the 2020 vision target of a fivefold increase in renewable resource use. Figures 11A to 11D detail goals for these priority research areas. Cost of materials surfaced many times as a major issue during the steering group’s investigations. Lowering unit costs is critical for sustainable economic growth.

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  • What do we know about the demographics of this diverse population? In 1990, Buchanan estimated that there were approximately 30 million peo- ple in the United States whose native language was not English. In 1998, Cheng said that there were 8 million immigrants from Southeast Asia alone. The 2000 United States census (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2003) reports a total of more than 31 million foreign-born individuals. More than half (51.7%) are from Latin America and more than one fourth (26.4%) are from Asia. The rest were born in Europe (15.8%), Africa (2.8%), Oceania (0.

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  • This paper is devoted to the development of a new lead acid battery electrolyte formulation for cycling applications, especially for renewable energy markets in developing countries. These emerging markets, such as solar home systems, require lead acid batteries at very low prices and improved performances compared to automotive batteries produced locally. The new acid formulation developed is a mixture of sulphuric acid, liquid colloidal silica and other additives including phosphoric acid.

    pdf7p congdat261 19-11-2010 49 4   Download

  • While wood and to some extent charcoal are the most common solid fuels used in developing countries, China and Mongolia have high household prevalence of coal, especially for heating in open portable space heaters, some with and some without chimney. Mestl et al. (2006), based on data from the China 2000 Population Census, report that about 60 percent of rural households used biomass as primary cooking fuel. Nearly 30 percent of rural households used coal as the primary fuel. Mestl et al model annual average population weighted exposure (PWE) to indoor air pollution by...

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  • The problems of smog formation are exacerbated by a meteorological phenomenon known as thermal inversion. Under normal atmospheric conditions, warm air in the vicinity of a large city is trapped by an overlayer of cool air. Since warm gases tend to rise, they normally diffuse upward and disperse the smog and other pollutants. A thermal inversion occurs when the upper layer is a layer of warm air, while the polluted air near the ground is relatively cool. In such a situation, the pollutant-laden cool air cannot rise and disperse.

    pdf13p tainhacmienphi 19-02-2013 16 4   Download

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